PSYC 290N Middle-aged adult - TCOs 10 & 11 Questions and Answers. All you need to revise for Exams
PSYC 290N Middle-aged adult - TCOs 10 & 11 Bernice is 45. At least once a week, she wakes up in the middle of the night wringing wet with sweat. She is having _____, a form of _____. Fifty-year-old Evan has begun to experience difficulty achieving and maintaining an erection. These changes might indicate that Evan is experiencing which of the following? Which of the following is likely to contribute to a male's problems with sexual functioning? What is the term for the trait characterized by sociability? Gilda is 35 years old. Her estrogen levels have decreased, her menstrual periods have become very irregular, and she experiences periods of extreme sweating. What's happening with Gilda? Which of the following is associated with male climacteric? According to the most current research, which of the following is a benefit of hormone replacement therapy Which of the following is a factor that is likely to lead to the clinical depression during and after menopause? Which of the following is a dietary factor that contributes to the risk of osteoporosis What is the most likely explanation for the decline in sexual activity associated with midlife? What is the most common mechanism that causes heart disease? Mason is 55 and has come to believe that his phone is not working right because whenever his elderly mother calls, he has trouble hearing her voice. Mason should be examined for Which of the following represents the best example of the Type A personality characteristic that is most strongly linked to cardiovascular disease? Which characteristic of Type A personality is most closely linked to CVD? Why do women fare better after a heart attack than men? Which of the following is one of the hypotheses as to why diabetes has a more devastating effect on minority individuals than on nonminority individuals? Rodney wears reading glasses, uses an ergonomically designed chair when he works at the computer, and exercises regularly to offset the effects of aging. He is also taking two courses at the local community college just for the sake of learning. What principle is at work here? Chuck and Jeri live hundreds of miles away from their children. They are retired and have busy lives of leisure. The seldom visit their children and have never developed a close relationship with their grandchildren. Behavioral scientists would say Chuck and Jeri have what type of relationships with their grandchildren? Overall physical health and cognitive performance in middle adulthood are most closely linked to Georgina is a middle-aged woman who volunteers as a tour guide at the local art museum and at the Museum of Asian Culture. She does this because she believes that the arts are an important part of culture and must be preserved and passed on to future generations. What term would Vaillant apply to Georgina? Which of the following is the best example of the skilled diplomacy that middle-aged couples use to maintain the stability of their relationships? If a problem occurs in the Jones marriage, Mrs. Jones first confronts Mr. Jones with the issue and then she works to bring peace to their relationship. The Fowler family lives in a duplex. Grandma Fowler lives in one half and Mr. and Mrs. Fowler and their children live in the other half. Every day when the children get off of the school bus, grandma meets them and prepares their afternoon snacks. She helps them with their homework until their parents get home from work. What kind of relationship does Grandma Fowler have with her grandchildren? Involved Pauline and Leo call their grandchildren every week and drive the 300 mi to visit several times a year. They even text message their grandchildren on their cell phones occasionally, just for fun. Social scientists would say that Pauline and Leo have what type of relationship with their grandchildren? Compassionate relationship. Which of the following statements about friendships in middle adulthood is true? Midlife friendships are just as intimate and close as those in the earlier years. Which of the Big Five traits are likely to decline as adults age? Openness, extraversion, neuroticism. What is the term for the trait characterized by the ease with which a person gets along with others? Agreeableness Mrs. Jiminez has recently been promoted to administrator at the local nursing home, which means that she must be at work by 7 a.m. Mrs. Jiminez also believes that she should provide her children with breakfast and supervision before they get on the school bus at 7:30 each morning. What is Mrs. Jiminez experiencing? Role conflict Orland, age 50, has always been the top seller in her real estate company. In spite of this, she never rests on her laurels. Three times a year, she attends workshops on salesmanship, closing, and real estate law. Baltes and Baltes would suggest that Orland is using which strategy? Optimization Phyllis has worked as an interior decorator for 20 years. Lately she finds little satisfaction in her work and wants to do something she believes is more meaningful, such as counsel troubled youth. If Phyllis walks away from her interior design business, what would social scientists call her? Voluntary career changer Which statement is true regarding the retirement of the cohort known as the baby boomers? Baby boomers are likely to be in retirement for 20 years—far longer than earlier generations. Which of the following is an effect commonly observed among adults who experience involuntary unemployment? Heightened levels of anxiety and depression When I retire, I plan to continue teaching one class per semester and spend the rest of my time doing whatever I please. Dychtwald would classify me as which type of retiree? Leisure lifer Angela is very conscious of cancer risk factors so she tries to take care of herself and minimize as many of the controllable risks as possible. She is vaccinated against hepatitis, she practices safe sex, and when she travels to strange places, she drinks bottled water to decrease her chances of developing and bacterial infection that has been linked to some cancers. What is the name of this bacteria? Helicobacter pylori Which of the following statements best summarizes the stability of personality over time? For most people, personality traits tend to be stable over time, but within some individuals there may be relatively large changes. Z Essay Question:Briefly describe the concept of selective optimization with compensation. Give an example of this process. See Chapter 15, page 405. Middle-aged adults focus on one task at a time in order to manage the demands of competing tasks. They optimize the skills that they believe can be improved by exercising them as much as possible and using compensatory strategies to offset the effects of aging. An example might be working on a project while alone rather than in a room with other family members. If the project involves physical skills such as using a hammer and nails, the person will utilize other tools to help hold pieces of the project together while fastening them as they realize that their ability to coordinate and manipulate several pieces of an object at the same time are limited. Z essay question: List and give an example of each of the three types of grandparent relationships discussed in your text. See Chapter 16, page 420. For remote relationships, the most common reason is geographical distance, although one certainly should recognize that this type of relationship can also result from parental conflicts with the grandparents or conflicts between grandparents and grandchildren. For companionate relationships, it is frequent contact and interaction, for example, regular visits and sleepovers. For involved relationships, it is direct involvement with the everyday care of grandchildren, for example, the grandparent picks the child up from school or provides day care for working parents. Micah, age 55, used to write great op-ed pieces for his newspaper. Now he chooses the topic and lays out the main theme, but he assigns the actual copywriting to a younger staff reporter. He then proofs the work, makes a few changes, and lets it go to print under his byline. Baltes and Baltes would suggest that Micah is using which strategy? Selection Which of the following statements about the role of grandparents is correct? Grandmothers have a broader and more intimate role with their grandchildren than grandfathers do What is the name of the drug that can help recovering alcoholics deal with withdrawal symptoms? Acamprosate What is the most frequently abused substance in the United States? Alcohol Which of the following is a risk factor for both heart disease and cancer? Smoking A researcher who is testing the cognitive functioning of middle aged adults would find which of the following to be true of her subjects regarding well-rehearsed, familiar tasks? They maintain or gain in skill Which of the following is a reason why it takes middle-aged adults longer to perform cognitive tasks than younger adults? A larger area of the cortex is activated; therefore, it takes longer to process information.