HIEU 201 Chapter 3 Quiz / HIEU201 Chapter 3 Quiz (NEWEST, 2020) : Liberty University(LATEST answers , Download to score A)
HIEU 201 Chapter 3 Quiz / HIEU201 Chapter 3 Quiz (Latest): Liberty University Question The Dark Age refers to a. a period of migration of Greek tribes away from fertile lands to the mountains and the abandonment of Aegean islands. b. a period of transition between Mycenaean and Hellenic civilizations. c. a period of economic chaos but artistic and intellectual growth. d. a period of military chaos but economic prosperity in the Greek world. Question The work of Homer a. depicts the gods as primarily responsible for the good or evil that befell human beings. b. contains the origins of the notion that human excellence was a combination of thought and action. c. rejects military prowess and the pursuit of glory and fame as criteria for human excellence. d. celebrates war without reflecting on its tragic character. Question The Olympian religion that emerged in ancient Greece a. centered on a powerful professional priesthood that could dictate absolute truths. b. was monotheistic, worshipping Zeus as the only god. c. played no role in the lives of the Greek people after the development of philosophy. d. did not put an end to the worship of local gods or the practicing of local rituals. Question The polis a. was comprised mostly of full citizens, with a small number of non-citizens who could not participate in lawmaking. b. was comprised mostly of non-citizens, with a small number of citizens who made the laws. c. resulted from the disintegration of much larger political units. d. could be very large, comprising vast territories and huge populations. Question Spartan society was militaristic primarily because a. Sparta relied on overwhelming military superiority to maintain dominance over the majority of its society. b. the Spartans had to defend the Helots from the perioikoi. c. Spartan conquest of Messenia was the first step in the Spartans' plan to conquer all of Greece. d. Spartans were forced to defend themselves from the Persians, who threatened an invasion of the Peloponnesus. Question Solon's reforms a. undermined the rights of the traditional aristocracy. b. opened the highest offices to the poorest Athenians. c. excluded the poor from political participation. d. excluded aristocrats from political life. Question The Persians attacked Greece in the fifth century B.C. because a. Sparta and the Peloponnesian League were threatening to invade Asia Minor, which borders on Persia. b. they wished to add the riches of Greece to their empire. c. they wanted to crush the Athenian democracy before its ideas spread to peoples in the Persian Empire. d. Athens had aided a revolt by the Ionians, and the Persians wished to punish them for their interference. Question The Athenian navy delivered a decisive Greek victory against the Persians in 480 B.C. at a. Marathon. b. Salamis. c. Thermopylae. d. Plataea. Question Pericles was a. a Spartan who admired Athenian democracy. b. a tyrant who rejected Athenian democracy. c. a military leader who was credited with saving Athens during the Persian Wars. d. the leading figure in Athenian political life during the middle of the fifth century B.C. Question According to Demosthenes a. the Greeks faced decline because their enemies loved freedom more than they did. b. Athens faced decline if it pursued too much cooperation with other city-states rather than pursue its own particular interests. c. the Greeks faced decline if they did not unite against their common enemy, Macedonia. d. the Greeks faced decline if they did not show contrition to the gods. Question Artifacts and archaeological evidence of the Minoans on Crete indicate a. magnificent fortified palaces with extensive defensive structures that served as political centers. b. a civilization that did not predate that of the Mycenaeans. c. a substantial export trade from Crete to Egypt, Syria, Asia Minor, and Greece. d. a warlike culture that rejected artistic and cultural pursuits. Question Which of the following is NOT a feature of Mycenaean civilization? a. It disintegrated due to constant warfare between its various kingdoms. b. It reached its height in the period from 1400 to 1230 B.C. c. It owed a considerable debt to Minoan civilization on Crete. d. It had a political system that can be seen as an early form of democracy. Question The earliest examples of the polis a. were confederations of city-states acting in harmony in both war and peace. b. were small city-states based on tribal allegiances. c. evolved from rational origins to theocracy. d. united all Greeks under the rule of a divine kingship. Question The mature polis was a a. community designed to express the will of the gods. b. self-governing community that expressed the will of free citizens. c. community in which laws were seen as deriving from divine rulers. d. community in which religion played no role whatsoever. Question In contrast to Sparta a. Athens was a land power and exclusively agricultural. b. Athens defined freedom as the independence of the fatherland. c. Athens valued the political freedom of the individual. d. Athens possessed no navy. Question By Dik, Solon meant a. the principle of justice that is that underlies all human community. b. personal excellence in warfare. c. the arrogance of the tyrants he opposed. d. the obligation of all Athenians to take part in the defense of their city. Question The Delian League a. was an alliance of city-states dominated by the largest polis, Athens. b. grew primarily because states voluntarily placed themselves under the protection of Athenian military power. c. was created by rivals to Athens within the Peloponnesian League. d. was an instrument of Spartan economic expansion. Question The mature democracy that evolved in Athens by the fifth century B.C. a. ensured the political equality of all people in the polis. b. granted political power to an Assembly made up of all adult male citizens. c. prevented the emergence of strong political leaders who could influence the policies of the state. d. chose all offices, even the most critical, by luck of the draw. Question Athenian women were a. considered the wards of their husbands. b. able to hold office but could not vote. c. considered the equals of their husbands. d. often highly educated. Question As a result of the Peloponnesian War a. Sparta destroyed the city of Athens and executed its leader, Pericles. b. Athens brought democracy to Sparta by utilizing the resources of Syracuse. c. Athens experienced a decline in the quality of its leadership. d. Athens eliminated its enemies and ended all attacks on Greek city-states.