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Strayer University - HIST 105 US History II UNIT 3 CHALLENGE 4 Question And Answers_Rated A.

US History II UNIT 3 CHALLENGE 4 HIST 105 US History II UNIT 3 CHALLENGE 4: Peace, Love, and the Reality of the 1960s Determine which action was supported by both Eisenhower's New Look foreign policy and Kennedy's Flexible Response foreign policy. a.) The U.S. agreed to accept Fidel Castro as the leader of Cuba. b.) The U.S. committed to fighting communism through containment policy. c.) The U.S. founded the Peace Corps to recruit people to undertake humanitarian projects around the world. d.) The U.S. dramatically increased the nuclear arsenal in preparation for massive retaliation. Which action was supported by Kennedy's Flexible Response foreign policy? a.) It dismantled the military-industrial complex developed under Eisenhower. b.) It dramatically cut spending on conventional military forces. c.) It created the Green Berets, a new special forces units trained in counterinsurgency. d.) It adopted a defense strategy of nuclear retaliation in the event of Soviet aggression. Select the statement that best describes the causes of the Cuban Missile Crisis. a.) Ballistic missile sites were constructed in Cuba, within range of the U.S. b.) The Cuban navy pirated missiles from both the U.S. and the Soviet Union. c.) Aging Cuban missiles were wearing down until they were at a high risk to explode suddenly. d.) A U.S. missile accidentally landed in Cuba. Select the statement that best describes the effects of the Cuban Missile Crisis. a.) The Soviet Union and the United States took some steps to try to prevent a threat of nuclear war in the future. b.) Cuba threatened to launch missiles if American ships blocked its trade agreement with the Soviets. c.) A planned, Soviet-backed Cuban military attack on the United States was averted. d.) The Cold War came to an abrupt end after the near nuclear disaster between the two countries. One form of protest for civil rights was the sit-in movement that attempted to focus public attention on discriminatory practices by private businesses. The idea spread quickly and led to the formation of what group to organize and manage activists' efforts? a.) Freedom Riders for All b.) Students for Civil Rights Organization c.) Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee d.) Great Society Which action did President John F. Kennedy's administration support in Vietnam? a.) Peace negotiations to end the war began after Ho Chi Minh died. b.) The American role in Vietnam changed from adviser to combatant. c.) The number of U.S. soldiers in Vietnam was increased to 16,000. d.) The U.S. paid for the majority of France’s war against Vietnam. Which action did President Dwight D. Eisenhower's administration support in Vietnam? a.) The administration began the withdrawal of American troops from Vietnam. b.) The administration continued the policy of its predecessor to support the Diem regime with money and military assistance until 1963. c.) The administration supported Diem’s decision not to hold a reunification election. d.) The administration received authority from Congress to use military force in Vietnam. Why did President Kennedy begin to publicly support civil rights? a.) Because of the violence white southerners inflicted on civil rights activists b.) Because he had campaigned and was elected to the presidency to address civil rights issues c.) Because of the previous administration’s lack of action addressing civil rights d.) Because he no longer feared being labeled as too radical by the American people The Johnson administration's Office of Economic Opportunity funded programs that enabled citizens to create agencies to improve their lives at the local level. What was the name of this policy? a.) The Higher Education Fund b.) The Neighborhood Youth Corps c.) The Peace Corps d.) The Community Action Program President Johnson understood that a lack of education was one cause of poverty, so he urged Congress to pass an act that increased federal funding for public schools. What was the name of that act? a.) The Head Start Act b.) The National Endowment for the Humanities Act c.) The Elementary and Secondary Education Act d.) The War on Poverty Act What is something the counterculture and the New Left had in common? a.) A dislike of conformity b.) A desire to become more politically active c.) A support for conservative principles d.) A desire to live close to nature Which action is reflective of an individual who identified with the New Left? a.) Someone who argued that society would be better off without a national government b.) Someone who expressed their politics by rejecting symbols of material wealth c.) Someone who rejected conventional liberalism and conventions of American society d.) Someone who organized an activist group to address economic inequality, especially among poor blacks Which of the following statements describes circumstances that led to the rise of identity politics in 1960s America? a.) "The Civil Rights and Voting Rights Acts did much to solve the problem of inequality." b.) "We Catholics face discrimination every day, and we want a president who speaks for us." c.) "With the Vietnam war going on, we felt that it was not a good time to stand up for our rights." d. “The Selective Service has it set up so that white Americans can avoid active duty in the Vietnam War.” Which of the following statements describes circumstances that led to the rise of identity politics in 1960s America? a.) "The upheaval of the 1960s motivated us to unite Americans around traditional values." b.) "Our religious freedom is under attack, and we demand that the government address the issue." c.) "The liberal policies of Lyndon Johnson will improve conditions for all of us." d.) “Legislation does little to solve problems like residential segregation and economic equality for blacks.” Which statement best views 1968 through the lens of class? a.) The Kerner Commission's report warned of the creation of two societies. b.) The election of 1968 was marked by political infighting and assassination. c.) The Tet Offensive raised doubt in the minds of Americans over American strategy in Vietnam. d.) George Wallace's support in the South exposed fractures in the Democratic Party. “White Southern Democrats support me for my opposition to the civil rights movement.” Of the candidates who ran for President in 1968, match this statement with its likely speaker. a.) Hubert Humphrey b.) Richard Nixon c.) George Wallace d.) Eugene McCarthy “I will run for president on an antiwar campaign." This quotation would best reflect the views of which candidate in the presidential campaign of 1968? a.) Eugene McCarthy b.) George Wallace c.) Hubert Humphrey d.) Richard Nixon “White Southern Democrats support me for my opposition to the civil rights movement.” Of the candidates who ran for President in 1968, match this statement with its likely speaker. a.) Hubert Humphrey b.) Richard Nixon c.) George Wallace d.) Eugene McCarthy “I will run for president on an antiwar campaign." This quotation would best reflect the views of which candidate in the presidential campaign of 1968? a.) Eugene McCarthy b.) George Wallace c.) Hubert Humphrey d.) Richard Nixon

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