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HIST 1 history part 4,Fall 2020 already passed;Southern New Hampshire University

HIS 1 history part 4. 1 Which of the statements are examples of the New World Order following the Cold War? • The United States withdrew its forces from Somalia. • NATO intervened in the former Yugoslavia on humanitarian grounds. • Communist and democratic nations agreed to coexist peacefully. • The United States occupied Kuwait in an attempt to protect its oil reserves. CONCEPT A New World Order 2 Which statement is a "cause" of government efforts to address violent crime and drug use in the 1980s and '90s. • Private companies sought to make money through prison construction and management. • Prisons were becoming too crowded. • Crack cocaine swept across America’s inner cities. • States implemented mandatory minimum sentences for any drug crime. CONCEPT The Culture Wars Continue 3 Choose the true statement about the American economy in the early 2000s. • The George W. Bush administration raised taxes on high earners to address growing wealth inequality. • Investments in high-tech companies grew, but the companies often failed to make a profit. • Manufacturing jobs in the U.S. spiked as consumer spending grew. • The federal government provided assistance to Americans who had defaulted on their mortgages. CONCEPT The American Economy in the 21st Century 4 Which 1980s economic development was intended by Reaganomics? • Tax cuts and increased domestic spending escalated the national debt. • Deindustrialization and weak labor unions depressed wages for many Americans. • The number of people employed by the federal government increased. • Government allocations to antipoverty programs were reduced. CONCEPT Morning in America: Reaganomics 5 Read the excerpt from a speech Ronald Reagan gave to the National Association of Evangelicals in 1983: "I would agree to a [nuclear] freeze if only we could freeze the Soviets' global desires. A freeze at current levels of weapons would remove any incentive for the Soviets to negotiate . . . and virtually end our chances to achieve the major arms reductions which we have proposed." According to this excerpt, why does Reagan oppose a nuclear freeze? • He is determined to counter Soviet aggression. • He wants to reduce American military spending. • He believes the Soviets must be appeased. • He thinks the Soviets are a godless people. CONCEPT The End of the Cold War 6 Choose the true statement about the effects of the 1990s economy in America. • “We in the government were pleased that the federal deficit continued to shrink.” • "Lower taxes on the wealthy helped the economy to grow." • "Globalization hurt American consumers by making everyday products more expensive." • "The overall unemployment rate continued to rise because manufacturing jobs went to other countries." CONCEPT Globalization and the American Economy 7 Why do those who support "English-only laws" in the United States claim they are necessary? • Hispanics now compose nearly 50% of the population. • Immigrants refuse to assimilate to American society. • Migrant children overwhelm state programs. • English is the official language of the United States. CONCEPT Major Social Issues in the Early 21st Century 8 Choose the true statement about the consequences of Vietnamization. • Congress renewed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in 1971. • Nixon withdrew training and air support from South Vietnamese forces. • Protests against U.S. involvement in the war ended. • By 1971, 200,000 American soldiers had returned home. CONCEPT Peace with Honor? The US Withdraws from Vietnam 9 Choose the true statement about the nature of the American economy in the 1970s. • Strong wage growth increased the purchasing power of consumers. • American industrial productivity increased. • The defense industry, agribusiness and other economic engines expanded in the Midwestern region. • There was increased competition from Japan and West Germany, who had recovered from World War II. CONCEPT The 1970s 10 Which of the following statements reflects an effect of political organizing by evangelical Christians? • "America has become more accepting of homosexual rights and gender equality." • “Consumerism is corrupting our children and destabilizing American families.” • "The Republican Party is much more receptive to our feelings on socioeconomic changes in the United States." • "We have increased our influence on both of the major political parties." CONCEPT Religious Influence on the 20th Century Republican Party 11 Match Title IX during the 1970s to the statement that reflects its effect on American politics or society. • “When I began high school, there were finally sports programs for girls.” • “It was no longer considered a crime to be a homosexual.” • “My parents moved us to the suburbs to avoid long bus rides to school." • "As an evangelical Christian, I will work hard to have this decision overturned." CONCEPT The 1970s 12 Read the excerpt from an address to Congress made by president George W. Bush on September 20, 2001: "The terrorists are traitors to their own faith, trying, in effect, to hijack Islam itself. The enemy of America is not our many Muslim friends. It is not our many Arab friends. Our enemy is a radical network of terrorists and every government that supports them." Which statement best describes the Bush Doctrine? • The United States will engage in preemptive strikes against terrorism and against governments that shelter terrorists. • The United States will intervene when necessary for humanitarian reasons. • The United States is at war against any country that harbors Muslims. • The United States policy is to emphasize negotiation rather than confrontation. CONCEPT 9/11 and the War on Terror 13 Consider this image from 1991 that depicts immigrant workers in a New York City garment shop. Choose one way the image differs from an image of textile work in the previous century. • The work relies on female laborers. • The work is repetitive and monotonous. • Most immigrants are Asian. • Factory owners use immigrant labor. CONCEPT 20th Century American Immigration 14 The United States and NATO allies assisted which country’s rebels to overthrow its leader, Muammar al-Gaddafi? Select the red country on the map that matches this description. • • • • CONCEPT America and the World in the 21st Century 15 "A woman's right to choose motherhood must remain legal." This statement regarding legalized abortion in the United States reflects the view of which of the following groups in the 1980s? • Protestant Evangelicals • Operation Rescue • The liberal establishment • The New Right CONCEPT Morning in America: The Culture Wars of the 1980s 16 What is the correct sequence of changes in American immigration policy during the 20th century? • 1. The United States granted preference to immigrants with family ties here. 2. Approximately 1.7 million immigrants took advantage of an offer of amnesty. 3. Millions of Mexicans migrated to the United States under federally sponsored labor contracts. • 1. Millions of Mexicans migrated to the United States under federally sponsored labor contracts. 2. Approximately 1.7 million immigrants took advantage of an offer of amnesty. 3. The United States granted preference to immigrants with family ties here. • 1. Millions of Mexicans migrated to the United States under federally sponsored labor contracts. 2. The United States granted preference to immigrants with family ties here. 3. Approximately 1.7 million immigrants took advantage of an offer of amnesty. • 1. The United States granted preference to immigrants with family ties here. 2. Millions of Mexicans migrated to the United States under federally sponsored labor contracts. 3. Approximately 1.7 million immigrants took advantage of an offer of amnesty. CONCEPT 20th Century American Immigration 17 Why did President Ronald Reagan abandon Détente as a form of foreign policy during his administration? • He wanted to relax tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. • He thought the United States looked weak and unwilling to assert its influence around the world. • The Soviets had initiated an arms race, and he was fearful it would destabilize the U.S. economy. • Reluctant to engage in a foreign war, he feared the United States would suffer a humiliating defeat. CONCEPT The End of the Cold War 18 Match the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 with the statement that reflects its impact. • It took 10 years, but finally, the use of DDT as a pesticide was banned. • The automobile industry was required to adopt fuel economy standards for new cars. • After a river caught on fire in Ohio, factory owners were required to regulate pollutants sent into the water supply. • The federal government financed research and development of renewable energy sources. CONCEPT Emergence of Environmentalism in the 1970s 19 Choose the true statement about Operation Enduring Freedom. • Afghanistan assumed the burden of rebuilding after the United States withdrew in 2002. • U.S. forces aligned themselves with Afghans who had been resisting the Taliban. • American troops occupied Baghdad shortly after entering Iraq. • The invasion was accomplished with no loss of life. CONCEPT 9/11 and the War on Terror 20 Which of the following organizations is paired correctly with its activity? • Department of Homeland Security (DHS) - Coordinates everything from protecting U.S. borders to emergency relief • United States Border Patrol (USBP) - Protect schools and hospitals during an attack • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) - Monitors the border with Mexico to prevent illegal immigration • Transportation Security Administration (TSA) - Provides disaster relief and clean-up CONCEPT Seeking Security at Home in the 21st Century 21 Which of the following is a way the federal government responded to the Great Recession? • The government provided substantial relief to struggling home owners. • A bailout was passed to save large banks that had made bad investments. • The government set price caps on the automobile industry. • The Federal Reserve raised interest rates to limit personal spending. CONCEPT The American Economy in the 21st Century 22 Which of the following can be considered a success of President Richard Nixon's foreign policy? • The Vietnam War came to an end. • Arab members of OPEC imposed an oil embargo. • Diplomatic ties were re-established with China. • He negotiated the Camp David Accords. CONCEPT From Détente to the Carter Doctrine 23 Choose the true statement about Congress's role in uncovering the Watergate scandal. • Several congressmen involved in the Watergate investigation admitted to committing perjury. • Congress was the only institution committed to investigate troubling information about the Richard Nixon administration. • Americans watched televised public hearings led by a congressional committee to investigate the scandal. • Congress collaborated with the presidential administration to mislead investigators and the American public. CONCEPT The Watergate Scandal 24 "We support increased military spending, bringing about the collapse of the Soviet Union, and a stronger American presence in the Middle East." The speaker is most likely a member of what group? • Liberal Democrats • Neoconservatives • Unionists • The Heritage Foundation

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