Samenvatting Planning Theory UU SGPL tentamen 2 (cijfer 8.5!), artikelen reader
Samenvatting voor tentamen 2 van Planning Theorie, een vak van Sociale Geografie en Planologie aan de Universiteit van Utrecht. Met deze samenvatting heb ik een 8.5 gehaald voor het tentamen. De samenvatting bevat de volgende artikelen:
Artikel 1. Moore (1978) – Why do allow planners to do what they do? A justification from economic theory
Artikel 2. Alexander (2002) – The public interest in planning: from legitimation to substantive plan evaluation
Artikel 3. Schmidt (2013) – Democracy and legitimacy in the European Union revisited: input, output and throughput.
Section reliable: hoe moet je plannen met toekomstige (onzekere) ontwikkelingen in vooruitzicht?
Artikel 1. Buuren et. all (2013)– Towards adaptive spatial planning for climate change: balancing between robustness and flexibility
Artikel 2. Thompson (1997)– Rewriting the percepts (voorschriften) of policy analyisis
Artikel 3. Needham/Hartmann(2012)– Planning by law and property rights reconsidered
Section balanced: afwegingen
Artikel 1. Rittel (1973) – Dilemma’s in a general theory of planning
Artikel 2. Benjamin (2008) – Plan it without a condom!
Artikel 3. Hartmann (2012) – wicked problems and clumsy solutions
Artikel 1. Jacons (1961) – The death and life of great American cities
All Introduction to Global Law I Lectures with notes summarized (38 pages)
• Lecture 1: Primary and secondary rules, H. L. A. Hart, chain of authority, rule validity.
• Lecture 2: What is a legal system, a legal tradition and international law, civil law & common law, sovereignty, separation of powers, jurisdiction of courts, level of courts, sources of law/validity, structure of legislation.
• Lecture 3: Types of law, public and private law, Legal subjects, legal acts and legal things.
• Lecture 4: Types of legislation, parts of legislation, methodology.
• Lecture 5: Strategies of interpreting legislation (and conflicts with it)
• Lecture 6: Types of case judgement, parts and structure of a judgment
• Lecture 7: Elements of reasoning with precedent (earlier decisions)
• Lecture 8: Types, conflicts and strategies of legal reasoning
• Lecture 9: The circulation and spread of legal institutions (and its challenges), class assignments and ANP-Approach.
• Lecture 10: Private and Public, subjects and purpose international law, how does it work, is it law? Global law, ANP-approach. Lex lata (the law as it exists, current law), lex feranda (the law as you want it to be, should be, future law), lex specialis (law governing a specific subject matter) trumps lex generalis (general law), lex mercatoria (merchant law, trade law, Commercial law used by merchants, it’s about trade).
• Lecture 11: When is a state a state, what does a subject of international law have, how do you become a state, self-determination. Uti possidetis (that which is possessed).
• Lecture 12: Sources of international law, treaties, ratification, reservations, customary international law, opinio juris sive necessitas (an action is carried out as a legal obligation, a practice must be followed because of the rule of law requiring it), general principles, sources, hierarchy of norms, ius cogens (peremptory norm, no derogation permitted, automatically binding). Pacta sunt servanda (nonfulfillment of obligations towards another party is a breach of pact).
• Lecture 13: Types of jurisdiction, state (officials) immunity, Vienna Convention, diplomatic asylum, sanctions. Jure imperii (acts of state), jure gestionis (acts of non-governmental organisations), persona non grata (foreign person whose entering or remaining in a particular country is prohibited by that country's government), forum prorogatum (If a State has not recognized the jurisdiction of the Court at the time when an application is filed against it, that State has the possibility of accepting such jurisdiction subsequently: the Court has jurisdiction as of the date of acceptance).
• Lecture 14: State responsibility & (settlement of) wrongful acts, consequences & countermeasures, UN Chapter VI, ICJ.
• Lecture 15: Jus ad bellum (before engaging in war) & jus in bello (the conduct of parties engaged in an armed conflict), use of force (breaches & exceptions), International Humanitarian Law, combatants & civilians. Erga omnes (rights and obligations owed toward all), ultra vires (off duty, outside of their official authority), force majeure (superior force, a clause in contracts that frees both parties from liability or obligation when an extraordinary event or circumstance beyond their control prevents one or both parties from fulfilling their obligations under the contract), ratione temporis (temporal jurisdiction, refers to the jurisdiction of a court of law over a proposed action related to the passage of time (has the deadline for litigation expired?).
• Lecture 16: International Organisations, the UN, Security Council, General Assembly, International Economic Law, Bilateral Investment Treaties, WTO. Sui generis (of its own kind, unique).
• Lecture 17: International Human Rights law, (Universal Declaration of) Human Rights, treaties after ratification, Group Rights, Refugee Law, International Criminal Law, right to have rights. Mens rea (one had the intention to commit a crime).
IP Whole Module Notes
A document containing lecture notes as well as own readings from the entire IP course. Containing notes on copyright, trademarks, design protection, patents etc. Examination of UK law as well as EU law and some other jurisdictions.
Economics of Arts and Culture (BA 1, Term 3)
Complete, hand written Introduction to Economics of Arts and Culture notes. Includes graphs and some additional information that were only mentioned during the lecutres.
CHAPTERS: Introduction, Supply & Demand, Elasticity, Rational Choice, Costs & Perfect Competition, Monopoly Market Power & Monopolistic Competition, Market Structure, Information Risk Uncertainty, Property Rights Externalities Public Goods, Factor Markets & Inequality, Information & Ownership, Macroeconomics & Measuring Economy, Economic Development & The State, Commerce & Culture, The Model-Builder & the Dramatist (Tinbergen and Keynes)
Change and Continuity for Civil Rights and Race Relations 1865-2009
This document contains a concise yet detailed summary of all the patterns and trends that take place throughout the period of 1865-2009 in the Civil rights and race relations in the USA course for Edexcel History.
The Change and Continuity document is structured in a way in which each period from 1865 to 2009, except for Obama’s presidency, provides information on the following topics:
- The role of the Presidency, Congress and Supreme Court
- Role of pressure groups and individuals campaigning for civil rights
- The forces resisting civil rights
- The changing economic and educational opportunities for black Americans
- Changing patterns of settlement
These are the topics that can come up in the exam as questions, both in the 25 mark Source question, as well as the 25 mark essay question.
Samenvatting van de voorgeschreven artikelen voor het vak Ethische Kwesties in de Wereldpolitiek, Politicologie IBO, Universiteit Leiden, 2015/2016
Het document bevat een samenvatting van de volgende artikelen:
- Griffin, James. 2001. First Steps in an Account of Human Rights. European Journal of Philosophy 9(3), 306-327.
- Shue, Henry. 1980. Chapter 1: Security and Subsistence.In: Basic Rights: Subsistence, Affluence, and U.S. Foreign Policy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, Chapters 1
- Burke, Roland. 2006. \\\"The Compelling Dialogue of Freedom\\\": Human Rights at the Bandung Conference. Human Rights Quarterly 28(4), 947-965.
- Giffin, James. 2008. What is the problem of ethnocentricity In: On Human Rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press
- MacIntyre, Is Patriotism a Virtue In: Pogge & Horton 2008, 119-138.
- Hurka, The Justification of National Partiality. In: Pogge & Horton 2008, 379-403.
- Margalit & Raz, National Self-Determination. In: Pogge & Horton 2008, 181-206.
- Van Gunsteren, H. 1988. Admission to citizenship. Ethics 98(4): 731-741.
- Neff, Stephen C. 2005. Excerpt from Loving enemies and hating sin. In: War and the Law of Nations (chapter 2). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Johnson, J.T. 2001. Morality & Contemporary Warfare. New Haven/London: Yale University Press, Chapter 2.
- Luban, Just War and Human Rights. In: Pogge & Horton 2008, 29-50.
- Walzer, The Moral Standing of States: A response to Four Critics. In: Pogge & Horton 2008, 51-73.
- Ryan, Alan. 1991. State and private; Red and White. In: R.G. Frey & C.W. Morris (eds.), Violence, Terrorism, and Justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 230-255.
- Sprinzak, Ehud. 1990. The psychopolitical formation of extreme left terrorism in a democracy: The case of the Weathermen. In: Walter Reich (ed.), Origins of Terrorism: psychologies, ideologies, theologies, states of mind. Washington D.C.: The Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 64-85.
- Singer, Famine, Affluence, and Morality. In Pogge & Horton 2008, 1-14.
- Barry, Brian. 1982. Humanity and Justice in Global Perspective. In T. Pogge & D. Moellendorf (eds.), Global Justice: seminal essays. St. Paul: Paragon House.
- Scheffler, Individual Responsibility in a Global Age. In Pogge & Horton 2008, 291-312.
- Rorty, Who Are We Moral Universalism and Economic Triage. In Pogge & Horton 2008, 313-324.
Complete Copyright Notes
FULL NOTES NO NEED TO DO ANY MORE WORK. This is a full set of notes on anything that you could hope to know about copyright. Contains cases, description, articles and more. Helped me get a first from Cambridge. Excellent and understandable formatting.
POLI330 Week 2 Quiz Latest 2017
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 6) Aristotle argued that the best political communities would be _____.
dominated by wealthy citizens
formed by elites
formed by citizens of the middle class
0 / 3 pts
(TCO 6) Which of the following was of greatest concern to John Locke?
Freedom of speech for all
Power residing with the proletariat
The right to property
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 6) If _____ were alive, he might suggest that poor academic performance in schools could be attributed to a society that does not promote education and provides few resources devoted to schools.
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 6) Which of the following would most likely be supported by the bourgeoisie?
Equality for all
A revolt by the proletariat
Conflict for economic gain
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 6) Which statement best supports Marxist theories?
The United States provides ample opportunities for all who work hard.
Similarities exist between economies in both Europe and the United States.
Tax breaks will often create jobs, benefiting the working class.
Uneven benefits to corporations with few benefits for workers led to the economic crises in the early 2000s.
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 6) Adam Smith is most associated with which concept?
0 / 3 pts
(TCO 6) Thomas Hill Green might agree with which of the following?
No one is forced to take a job he or she doesn’t like.
Unions are necessary to protect workers against business owners.
Taxes should benefit business owners because they allow owners to hire more workers.
Markets regulate themselves.
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 6) Modern conservatism adopts elements of which of the following?
Economic views from Edmund Burke and social views from Adam Smith
Economic and social views from Adam Smith
Economic views from Adam Smith and social views from Thomas Hill Green
Economic views from Adam Smith and social views from Edmund Burke
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 6) Libertarians would like the original thoughts of _____.
T. H. Green
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 6) _____ is an extreme form of nationalism.
History A Level American Dream, AQA, America Time line and Key Events, 1945-1980
TIMELINE AND KEY DATES AND EVENTS
BREAKDOWN OF PRESIDENTS
BREAKDOWN OF KEY FACTORS
This power point features a timeline from 1945-1980 for economic, social, foreign policy and political. Also has a breakdown for the presidents: Truman, Eisenhower, Nixon, Ford, Carter and Reagan on their domestic policies and civil rights.
US History Final Exam Study Guide - Carlson
US History After 1877 Final Study Guide for Carlson\'s class
Bay of Pigs, Brown vs. BOE, Cambodia, Daniel Ellsberg etc... Short Answer Q\'s like Interpretations of Presidential Elections between 1972-1980, Kennedy\'s economic policy, Civil Rights Evolution 1961-1968 etc..