Which strategy will help me to study the most effectively?
It’s the easiest thing to just go to a lecture to sit there and listen. Though you can’t get a very good grade without studying, unfortunately. To memorize all the knowledge in the most efficient and effective way, there are a few strategies you could use. There isn’t such a thing as a very good or the best strategy. It differs per person which is the best strategy, so try them all.
The most simple method is to keep repeating the information, so you will remember it. Although, repeating is not the best method to make sure you are never going to forget it. Information will not always get into your long term memory, by only repeating it. Because your brain doesn’t make any connections by repeating the information, there is a chance you are still going to forget it.
Associate and link
A better strategy to memorize information is to link and associate the information to information you already know. To make a strong connection between these, the new information must have a ‘unique’ link to the older information you already know. For instance, if you want to remember the meaning of ‘longitude’ and ‘latitude’. When you link the letter ‘n’ in longitude to ‘the north’, you will remember it’s vertical. Because the letter ‘n’ isn’t in the word latitude, you won’t mix the meanings of the two words up.
We all know spelling rules like ‘I before E, except after C’. A rule, or also called a mnemonic device like this, is made by using a few letters which you can easily remember. These letters stand for words you have to remember. For instance, if you want to learn that you Stay Healthy by Activity, Drinking water and Eating, you can memorize this by remembering SHADE. Try to make your own mnemonic if you have struggling remembering something.
A ‘mind palace’ or also known as the method of Loci, is a strategy to use visualizations of a familiar location of yours, to place items, terms and theories in. You use the lay-out of a certain location in your head, to get access to the information you need. For example, think about your parents’ house, where you walk up the stairs and into your bedroom. Every item you think of must stand for a piece of information you have to remember.