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US History II Final Milestone

US History II Final Milestone Q Tina, a professional historian, is considering the factors that can influence a historian’s interpretation of a past event. She is researching the rise of women activists in the 18th and 19th centuries in the United States. Which factor should be allowed to influence her interpretation? Q Young urban professionals (yuppies) were preoccupied with individual prosperity and consumerism during the 1980s. The values of the yuppies were most easily embraced by which of the following political groups? Q Which of the following was a cause leading up to the Great Depression? Q “….It seems to me that God, with infinite wisdom and skill, is training the Anglo-Saxon race for an hour sure to come in the world’s future. Heretofore there has always been in the history of the world a comparatively unoccupied land westward, into which the crowded countries of the East have poured their surplus populations. But the widening waves of migration, which millenniums ago rolled east and west from the valley of the Euphrates, meet to-day on our Pacific coast. There are no more new worlds… The time is coming when the pressure of population on the means of subsistence will be felt here as it is now felt in Europe and Asia. Then will the world enter upon a new stage of its history—the final competition of races, for which the Anglo-Saxon is being schooled. Long before the thousand millions are here, the might centrifugal tendency, inherent in this stock and strengthened in the United States, will assert itself. Then this race of unequaled energy, with all the majesty of numbers and the might of wealth behind it—the representative, let us hope, of the largest liberty, the purest Christianity, the highest civilization—having developed peculiarly aggressive traits calculated to impress its institutions upon mankind, will spread itself over the earth.” In writing his book titled Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis in 1885, and particularly the passage above, Reverend Josiah Strong made what argument about America’s foreign policy goals? Q “The telegraph profoundly changed businesses and governments by making rapid, long-distance communication possible.” A historian would most likely make this statement if they were analyzing this image through what historical lens? Q Choose the statement that best reflects a reaction against Brown v. Board of Education by Southerners during the 1950s. Q President Franklin Roosevelt oversaw both a First New Deal and a Second New Deal to curb the Great Depression. Choose the action that was part of his First New Deal. Q Choose the true statement about Progressives or the Progressive Era. Q Which of the following was a significant effect of containment policy and the Cold War on the American government in the 1940s and 1950s? Q Choose the statement that best analyzes events in the year 1968 through the lens of politics. Q Choose the statement that describes an economic consequence of the United States as an “arsenal of democracy” during World War II. Q Which act brought a number of government agencies into a single department to better manage terrorist threats, both foreign and domestic? Q By the late 1800s, some settlers’ dreams of the West were not matched by the realities. Choose the statement that describes one of these “realities.” Q Consider this image from 1991 that depicts immigrant workers in a New York City garment shop. This image reflects what trend in immigration in the late 20th century? Q Read the excerpt from a presidential committee report published in 1947, at the beginning of the Cold War. “The international reason for acting to secure our civil rights now is not to win the approval of our totalitarian critics. We would not expect it if our record were spotless; to them our civil rights record is only a convenient weapon with which to attack us. Certainly we would like to deprive them of that weapon. But we are more concerned with the good opinion of the peoples of the world.” The excerpt twice refers to “them.” Who is “them?” Q The Red Scare was a period following World War I in which Americans began to limit radical dissent. Which event is a consequence of the Red Scare? q Which of the following was a factor in President Harry Truman’s decision to drop atomic bombs on Japan? Q Read the excerpt from the autobiography of Russian immigrant Mary Antin, published in 1912: “I am not afraid to live on and on, if only I do not have to remember too much. A long past vividly remembered is like a heavy garment that clings to your limbs when you run. And I have thought of a charm that should release me from the folds of my clinging past. I take the hint from the Ancient Mariner, who told his tale in order to be rid of it. I, too, will tell my tale, for once, and never hark back any more.” What aspect of the immigrant experience is reflected in Antin’s excerpt? Q Choose the true statement about the consequences of Vietnamization. Q Choose the statement that best reflects historian Lawrence Goodwyn’s interpretation of populism. Q Which of the following contributed to the Democratic Party becoming the party of the welfare state after the New Deal? Q Read the newspaper excerpt from the Austin Weekly Statesman about a railroad strike in Fort Worth, Texas in 1886. “Governor Ireland, who was present, said the quarrel between the Knights of Labor and the railroads did not concern the state. The lawlessness existing here was the matter with which the state had to deal. Every order had among its members a heap of bad men, and would not undertake to become responsible for them. The Knights of Labor made a great mistake in permitting a man in another state to order men in Texas to quit work, who struck without being able to give any reason except that they had been ordered out. He did not believe the Knights of Labor sanctioned lawlessness.” What group of people’s perspective is being described in this excerpt? Q Choose the statement that describes a success of Operation Enduring Freedom. Q Consider the case of the Scottsboro Boys, who were arrested in 1931. What does this incident suggest about the state of racial relations during the Great Depression? Q Consider “The Chinese Question” by Thomas Nast, published in Harper’s Weekly, February 18, 1871. Choose the statement that best analyzes the experience of immigrants portrayed in the image. Q Several ideologies—social Darwinism, the self-made man and the Gospel of Wealth—emerged in the Gilded Age. Choose the person from the Gilded Age whose ideas are reflected in this statement: “There is a difference between the deserving and the undeserving poor.” Q Which of the following was associated with the New Left in the 1960s? Q During the late 1800s, dreams of the West held by prospective settlers were not matched by the realities. Choose the statement that describes a myth of the West. Q Which act brought a number of government agencies into a single department to better manage terrorist threats, both foreign and domestic? Q Which statement characterizes American immigration policy during the early 20th century? Q Name an unintended effect of Reaganomics in the 1980s. Q The Red Scare was a period following World War I in which Americans began to limit radical dissent. Which event is a consequence of the Red Scare? Q Which statement about populism most closely aligns with historian Lawrence Goodwyn’s interpretation of the term? Q President Franklin Roosevelt oversaw both a First New Deal and a Second New Deal to curb the Great Depression. Choose the action that was part of his First New Deal. Q Which statement reflects an effect that World War II had on American workers? Q “After the violence at Selma, our governor, George Wallace, refused to do anything about it, so I was proud of our president, who introduced and signed a bill into law which removed obstacles for African Americans and lent federal support to our cause.” What was the name of that bill? Q Select the statement that best reflects John Kennedy’s Flexible Response strategy during the Cold War. Q Which statement best represents Henry Cabot Lodge’s position on American involvement in the proposed League of Nations? Q Choose the true statement about African American culture and politics in the 1920s. Q Why did the Ronald Reagan administration’s Strategic Defense Initiative draw public criticism? Q “….It seems to me that God, with infinite wisdom and skill, is training the Anglo-Saxon race for an hour sure to come in the world’s future. Heretofore there has always been in the history of the world a comparatively unoccupied land westward, into which the crowded countries of the East have poured their surplus populations. But the widening waves of migration, which millenniums ago rolled east and west from the valley of the Euphrates, meet to-day on our Pacific coast. There are no more new worlds… The time is coming when the pressure of population on the means of subsistence will be felt here as it is now felt in Europe and Asia. Then will the world enter upon a new stage of its history—the final competition of races, for which the Anglo-Saxon is being schooled. Long before the thousand millions are here, the might centrifugal tendency, inherent in this stock and strengthened in the United States, will assert itself. Then this race of unequaled energy, with all the majesty of numbers and the might of wealth behind it—the representative, let us hope, of the largest liberty, the purest Christianity, the highest civilization—having developed peculiarly aggressive traits calculated to impress its institutions upon mankind, will spread itself over the earth.” In writing his book titled Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis in 1885, and particularly the passage above, Reverend Josiah Strong made what argument about America’s foreign policy goals? Q Study the political cartoon published in Judge in 1905. Which aspect of American foreign policy during the Progressive Era is represented in this image? Q Choose the true statement about the Knights of Labor. Q Read the excerpt from an National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) petition asking the United Nations to investigate racism in the United States, the introduction of which was written by W. E. B. Du Bois: “There are in the United States of America, fifteen millions or more of native-born citizens, something less than a tenth of the nation, who form largely a segregated caste, with restricted legal rights, and many illegal disabilities. They are descendants of the Africans brought to America during the sixteenth, seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries and reduced to slave labor.” What was the purpose of Du Bois’s opening statement? Q Choose the true statement about Progressives or the Progressive Era. Q Choose the statement that best reflects an argument used by Chief Joseph to oppose federal assimilation. Q In the summer of 1963, President John Kennedy stated his support for a civil rights bill. The bill he envisioned would give the federal government greater power to do which of the following actions? Q Choose the true statement about the effects of the 1990s economy in America.

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