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CCJ 3024 / CCJ3024 Survey Criminal Justice System Quiz 9 LATEST 2020

4/16/2020 Quiz 9: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Quiz 9 Due Mar 15 at 11:59pm Points 100 Questions 40 Available Mar 10 at 12am - Mar 15 at 11:59pm 6 days Time Limit 80 Minutes Allowed Attempts 2 This quiz was locked Mar 15 at 11:59pm. Attempt History Attempt Time Score LATEST Attempt 1 52 minutes 87.5 out of 100  Correct answers are hidden. Score for this attempt: 87.5 out of 100 Submitted Mar 15 at 9:19pm This attempt took 52 minutes. Question 1 2.5 / 2.5 pts CASE 10.1 Frank Crutchfield was arrested for the murder of his coworker Robert Bell following an argument over the use of the copy machine and the time it took Mr. Bell to complete his tasks. Mr. Crutchfield had previously told his coworkers of his anger toward Mr. Bell, but his coworkers did not take this anger seriously. Mr. Crutchfield was arrested in August 2012. Given this information, answer the following questions. Mr. Crutchfield’s bail was set at $250,000,and it was determined that the defendant would pay a percentage of the bond, about 10%, to a bonding agent, who in turn could post the remainder for Mr. Crutchfield. This is referred to as a: Surety bail. Conditional bail.4/16/2020 Quiz 9: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Full cash bail. Deposit bail. Question 2 2.5 / 2.5 pts The use of grand juries is gaining popularity and increasing in frequency. True False Question 3 2.5 / 2.5 pts CASE 10.2 Chad Faulstick, a construction worker from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, is arrested for the premeditated murder of his wife, Charity. Charity, a school teacher in Pittsburgh, was found dead and buried in woods approximately three miles from her house two weeks after she was reported missing by her parents. Given this information, answer the following questions. Being a profile case for the city and surrounding area, it is important for the prosecutor and defense to question the jurors to eliminate any bias. This process is called: Peremptory challenge. Voir dire. Venire. Challenge for cause.4/16/2020 Quiz 9: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Question 4 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which of the following is false regarding plea bargaining? Accepting a guilty plea from a defendant who maintains his or her innocence is valid. Accepting a not guilty plea from a defendant who maintains his or her innocence is valid. Pleas must be made voluntarily and without pressure. Defendants must keep their side of the bargain to receive the promised offer of leniency. Question 5 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which of the following is the proceeding held to determine whether probable cause is sufficient to warrant a criminal trial? Indictment Injunction Arraignment Preliminary hearing Question 6 2.5 / 2.5 pts4/16/2020 Quiz 9: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Which of the following events—during which the judge informs the defendant of the charges against him or her and appoints counsel if one has not yet been retained—occurs after an indictment is filed subsequent to a preliminary hearing. Plea bargain Arraignment Pretrial Bench hearing Question 7 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which amendment pertains to bail? Eighth Sixth Fourth Fifth Question 8 2.5 / 2.5 pts For a guilty plea to be validated by the court it must be both understood and voluntary. True False4/16/2020 Quiz 9: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Question 9 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which of the following is the correct order of events? Arraignment, preliminary hearing, plea, indictment Indictment, preliminary hearing, arraignment, plea Arraignment, preliminary hearing, indictment, plea Preliminary hearing, indictment, arraignment, plea Question 10 2.5 / 2.5 pts In the case of Baston v. Kentucky, the Supreme Court held that the use of peremptory challenges against potential jurors by prosecutors in criminal cases violated the Constitution if the challenges were based solely on race. True False Question 11 2.5 / 2.5 pts It is legal for a criminal defendant to waive his or her right to counsel and defend one’s self at trial. True False4/16/2020 Quiz 9: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Incorrect Incorrect Question 12 0 / 2.5 pts CASE 10.2 Chad Faulstick, a construction worker from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, is arrested for the premeditated murder of his wife, Charity. Charity, a school teacher in Pittsburgh, was found dead and buried in woods approximately three miles from her house two weeks after she was reported missing by her parents. Given this information, answer the following questions. Having presented its case against Mr. Faulstick, the prosecution rests. Concerned that the state has not proved the charge against the defendant beyond a reasonable doubt, Mr. Faulstick’s attorney enters a motion for what? Direct verdict Rebuttal verdict Exculpatory clause Cross-examination Question 13 2.5 / 2.5 pts A formal charging document, similar to an indictment, based on probable cause as determined at a preliminary hearing is called: An arraignment. A warrant. Judging.4/16/2020 Quiz 9: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Information. Incorrect Incorrect Question 14 0 / 2.5 pts In some situations, people placed in diversion programs are believed to be the ones most likely to have otherwise been dismissed after a brief hearing with a warning or small fine. Critics refer to this as: Misrepresenting the system. An abomination of justice. Exculpatory practices. Widening the net. Question 15 2.5 / 2.5 pts The preliminary hearing provides advantages to the defendant not afforded under a grand jury proceeding. True False Question 16 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which procedure is often used as an alternative to the grand jury?4/16/2020 Quiz 9: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Preliminary hearing Initial hearing Criminal trial Arraignment Question 17 2.5 / 2.5 pts All information that is material and favorable to the accused defendant because it casts doubt on the defendant’s guilt or on the evidence the government intends to use at trial is called: Explanatory evidence. Innocuous evidence. Fruit of the poisonous tree. Exculpatory evidence. Question 18 2.5 / 2.5 pts In which case was the U.S. Supreme Court’s interpretation of the Eighth Amendment’s provisions on bail set in 1951? Tennessee v. Martin Crosby v. Malkin McNamara v. Driscoll4/16/2020 Quiz 9: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Stack v. Boyle Question 19 2.5 / 2.5 pts According to the Innocence Project, which of the following is not a reason for giving a false confession to a crime? Mental impairment Coercion Duress Potential profitability Incorrect Incorrect Question 20 0 / 2.5 pts When a motorist is issued a traffic citation, which is the most likely type of release? Pretrial court direct release None of the above Police station house citation release Police field citation release Question 21 2.5 / 2.5 pts4/16/2020 Quiz 9: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Which court case upheld the use of preventive detention statutes to protect the well-being of the juvenile offender and the public? Schall v. Martin Burton v. Weight Salerno v. Fitzsimmons Creamens v. Blake Incorrect Incorrect Question 22 0 / 2.5 pts Which type of bail occurs when a defendant is released, with no immediate requirement for payment unless they do not appear in court? Conditional bail Release on recognizance Surety bail Unsecured bond Question 23 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which type of bail occurs when a defendant is released, without bail, upon their promise to return to court? Release on recognizance Surety bail4/16/2020 Quiz 9: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Conditional bail Unsecured bond Question 24 2.5 / 2.5 pts The Statute of Westminster was established in 1275 which set out the offenses which were bailable and those which were not. True False Question 25 2.5 / 2.5 pts Over 90% of criminal cases end with guilty pleas. True False Question 26 2.5 / 2.5 pts Diversion is considered after arrest and arraignment but before: The preliminary hearing. The bail hearing.4/16/2020 Quiz 9: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Trial. Grand jury indictment. Question 27 2.5 / 2.5 pts CASE 10.1 Frank Crutchfield was arrested for the murder of his coworker Robert Bell following an argument over the use of the copy machine and the time it took Mr. Bell to complete his tasks. Mr. Crutchfield had previously told his coworkers of his anger toward Mr. Bell, but his coworkers did not take this anger seriously. Mr. Crutchfield was arrested in August 2012. Given this information, answer the following questions. The evidence against Mr. Crutchfield is presented to the grand jury who charge Mr. Crutchfield with the crime of murder. This is called: A denunciation. A summons. An indictment. No bill. Question 28 2.5 / 2.5 pts The grand jury originally was created as a check against the: Prosecution. Judge.4/16/2020 Quiz 9: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Magistrate. Defense attorney. Question 29 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which is a sworn written statement addressed to a court or judge by the police, prosecutor, or individual alleging that an individual has committed an offense and requesting prosecution? Arraignment Complaint Warrant Indictment Question 30 2.5 / 2.5 pts In historical English law, sheriffs sometimes abused their power, leading Parliament to issued which statute in 1275, which established bailable offenses. West Chester Westminster Westinghouse Worcester4/16/2020 Quiz 9: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Question 31 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which act mandated that no defendants shall be kept in pretrial detention simply because they cannot afford the monetary bail? The Federal Lautenberg Act of 1996 Pretrial Bond Act of 1988 Due Process Release Act of 1971 Bail Reform Act of 1984 Question 32 2.5 / 2.5 pts CASE 10.3 A man is arrested for burglary in a rural community in southwestern Arizona. Upon his arrest, three handguns, rope, duct tape, and handcuffs are found on his possession. He has a prior arrest for sexual assault and served three years in prison for the crime. Given this information, answer the following questions. At his arraignment, the defendant is asked to plead to the charges. The defendant pleads no contest or what is otherwise known as: Aucune declaration. Ninguna declaración. Ninguna declaración. Nolo contendere.4/16/2020 Quiz 9: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Question 33 2.5 / 2.5 pts Jail overcrowding has gotten worse in recent years. True False Question 34 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which of the following evidentiary standards of proof are used in civil proceedings? Preponderance of the evidence Probable cause Clear and convincing Beyond a reasonable doubt Question 35 2.5 / 2.5 pts Laws that require that certain dangerous defendants be confined before trial for their own protection and that of the community are called: Avertable statutes. Exclusionary statutes. Avertable detention statutes.4/16/2020 Quiz 9: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Preventive detention statutes. Question 36 2.5 / 2.5 pts Pretrial detention accounts for more incarceration than does postsentencing imprisonment. True False Question 37 2.5 / 2.5 pts In a criminal case, the defendant may plead guilty at the initial hearing and the case may be disposed of immediately. True False Incorrect Incorrect Question 38 0 / 2.5 pts Which is an initial court appearance, at which the accused is read the charges, advised of his or her rights, and asked to enter a plea? Arraignment Indictment4/16/2020 Quiz 9: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Grand jury hearing Complaint Question 39 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which of the following is not a reason for a speedy trial? To avoid delays that may inhibit the defendant’s ability to defend himself or herself To avoid lengthy pretrial detentions To ensure that witnesses are available to testify as soon as possible Because it is guaranteed by the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Question 40 2.5 / 2.5 pts CASE 10.1 Frank Crutchfield was arrested for the murder of his coworker Robert Bell following an argument over the use of the copy machine and the time it took Mr. Bell to complete his tasks. Mr. Crutchfield had previously told his coworkers of his anger toward Mr. Bell, but his coworkers did not take this anger seriously. Mr. Crutchfield was arrested in August 2012. Given this information, answer the following questions. At his initial hearing, Mr. Crutchfield pleads not guilty to the crime of murder in the first degree. What is this initial hearing called? Arraignment4/16/2020 Quiz 9: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Pretrial hearing Preliminary hearing Probable cause hearing Quiz Score: 87.5 out of 100

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