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CCJ 3024 / CCJ3024 Survey Criminal Justice System Quiz 8 LATEST 2020

4/16/2020 Quiz 8: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Quiz 8 Due Mar 8 at 11:59pm Points 100 Questions 40 Available Mar 2 at 12am - Mar 8 at 11:59pm 7 days Time Limit 80 Minutes Allowed Attempts 2 This quiz was locked Mar 8 at 11:59pm. Attempt History Attempt Time Score KEPT Attempt 2 30 minutes 95 out of 100 LATEST Attempt 2 30 minutes 95 out of 100 Attempt 1 36 minutes 87.5 out of 100  Correct answers are hidden. Score for this attempt: 95 out of 100 Submitted Mar 3 at 10:20am This attempt took 30 minutes. Question 1 2.5 / 2.5 pts The senior officer in a court of law, who is authorized to hear and decide cases is the: Prosecutor. Judge. Appellate judge. Ombudsman.4/16/2020 Quiz 8: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Question 2 2.5 / 2.5 pts CASE 9.1 Martha “Shuffles” Hershey is arrested for soliciting prostitution from a minor, a 17- year-old male in her small beach resort villa and kidnapping (transportation of a minor across state lines). Having paid the minor for sexual favors, she escorted him across state lines. At the time, Martha was 47 years old and had two kids; her husband had recently divorced her because of infidelity. Given this basic information of the case, answer the following questions. Knowing what you know about the case, which system would most likely handle the case? Juvenile court because of the age of the victim State specialized court because of the nature of the crime Federal district court because of the nature of the crime Supreme Court because of the seriousness of the crime Question 3 2.5 / 2.5 pts The use of an alternative to trial, such as referral to a treatment or employment programs is called: Diversion. Discretion. Intermediate referral. Vicarious victimization.4/16/2020 Quiz 8: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Question 4 2.5 / 2.5 pts CASE 9.1 Martha “Shuffles” Hershey is arrested for soliciting prostitution from a minor, a 17- year-old male in her small beach resort villa and kidnapping (transportation of a minor across state lines). Having paid the minor for sexual favors, she escorted him across state lines. At the time, Martha was 47 years old and had two kids; her husband had recently divorced her because of infidelity. Given this basic information of the case, answer the following questions. Assuming Ms. Hershey was found guilty and her lawyer appeals the ruling because of a judicial misinterpretation of the law, which court would hear the appeal first? Supreme Court U.S. circuit court U.S. court of last resort U.S. court of petitions Question 5 2.5 / 2.5 pts In which case did the Court reaffirm the legitimacy of its jurisdiction over state court decisions when such courts handled issues of federal or constitutional law? Martin v. Hunter’s Lessee (1816) Georgia Diagnostic v. Davis (1901) Burgoyne v. Butler (2002) Plessy v. Ferguson (1872)4/16/2020 Quiz 8: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Question 6 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which is a process of dispute resolution in which a neutral third party renders a decision after a hearing at which both parties agree to be heard? Arbitration Dispute resolution Merit selection Circle sentencing Question 7 2.5 / 2.5 pts Misdemeanor courts and municipal courts are examples of: Courts of appeal. Specialty courts. Courts of limited jurisdiction. Drug courts. Question 8 2.5 / 2.5 pts Who is responsible for delivering jury instructions?4/16/2020 Quiz 8: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Judge Prosecutor Defense attorney Bailiff Question 9 2.5 / 2.5 pts CASE 9.3 Donald Reed, a Vietnam Veteran and former engineer, was arrested for possession of marijuana and resisting arrest after officers found him smoking the drug under a bridge overpass in Cincinnati, Ohio. Mr. Reed is currently unemployed and is homeless after divorcing his wife in 1999 and losing his job in 2006. Given this information, answer the following questions. The right to an attorney for those who are unable to afford one was made law by the Supreme Court in 1963; in what year was the law expanded to include any crime, felony, or misdemeanor for which jail/prison time was an option? 1966 1973 1980 1991 Question 10 2.5 / 2.5 pts CASE 9.34/16/2020 Quiz 8: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Donald Reed, a Vietnam Veteran and former engineer, was arrested for possession of marijuana and resisting arrest after officers found him smoking the drug under a bridge overpass in Cincinnati, Ohio. Mr. Reed is currently unemployed and is homeless after divorcing his wife in 1999 and losing his job in 2006. Given this information, answer the following questions. Mr. Reed would be considered which of the following because he does have the funds necessary to hire an attorney on his own? Problem offender. Indigent offender. Contract offender. Assigned offender. Question 11 2.5 / 2.5 pts Courts that have jurisdiction over cases involving violations of federal laws, including civil rights abuses, interstate transportation of stolen property, and kidnappings are called: U.S. interstate courts. U.S. district courts. U.S. courts of last resort. U.S. appellate courts. Question 12 2.5 / 2.5 pts4/16/2020 Quiz 8: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System A traffic ticket would likely be handled in which state court? Court of special jurisdiction Court of general jurisdiction Court of minimal jurisdiction Court of limited jurisdiction Incorrect Incorrect Question 13 0 / 2.5 pts A prosecutor is ready to proceed with a case but decides not to because, upon further investigation, he finds that even though the act committed by the defendant was illegal, it was minor and no one was hurt. What would be the rationale for this dismissal? Interests of justice. Pretrial diversion. Due process problem. Referral. Question 14 2.5 / 2.5 pts Federal District Courts hear cases in which one state sues another. True False4/16/2020 Quiz 8: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Question 15 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which of the following is not a primary reason shown to affect judges’ decisions according to the text? Attitudes and ideology Gender Pay scale Reelection Question 16 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which court case guarantees the accused the right to counsel when in custody and thereafter? Weeks v. Illinois Miranda v. Arizona Bell v. VMI Takasugi v. Washington Question 17 2.5 / 2.5 pts4/16/2020 Quiz 8: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System A group of citizens chosen to hear charges against a person accused of a crime and to determine whether there is sufficient evidence to proceed to trial is a: Civil jury. Grand jury. Prosecutorial jury. Pretrial jury. Question 18 2.5 / 2.5 pts Even if a prosecutor decides to pursue a case, the charges may later be dropped if the conditions are not favorable for a conviction. True False Question 19 2.5 / 2.5 pts Thus far, empirical studies have found little evidence of consistent gender, race, or classbased bias in judges in terms of the cases they dismiss. True False4/16/2020 Quiz 8: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Question 20 2.5 / 2.5 pts U.S. Attorneys serve as the nation’s principal litigators and are appointed by the President of the United States. True False Question 21 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which is the legal counsel in a criminal case who represents the accused person from arrest to appeal? Prosecutor Defense attorney Ombudsman Advocate administrator Question 22 2.5 / 2.5 pts CASE 9.2 Assume that the United States is on the verge of passing mass immigration reform laws that mandate the granting of immediate citizenship to all illegal aliens, of any nationality, at the start of the new year. The legality of the case was heard in federal court and is now in the hands of the Supreme Court. Given this information, answer the following questions.4/16/2020 Quiz 8: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System How many justices must agree that the matter is worth the Supreme Court’s hearing it before the case will come before the court? 3 4 5 A ll members must agree Question 23 2.5 / 2.5 pts Court clerks have a wide range of duties, most of which consist of maintaining court records; receiving, processing, and maintaining judgments; and swearing in witnesses. True False Question 24 2.5 / 2.5 pts A state or federal court that has jurisdictions over felonies is referred to as a: Court of limited jurisdiction Court of federal jurisdiction Court of general jurisdiction Court of appeals4/16/2020 Quiz 8: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Question 25 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which of the following typically is not a qualification of a potential judge in most states? Over 25 years of age A member of the bar association Resident of the state Has practiced law for at least 10 years Question 26 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which of the following would be handled by the U.S. District Courts? Review of a state appellate court case on substantive issues Review of a federal appellate court case on substantive issues Civil rights abuse Cases involving military personnel or veterans’ appeals Question 27 2.5 / 2.5 pts The traditional prosecutorial model is problem-oriented and proactive, not case-oriented and reactive to crime.4/16/2020 Quiz 8: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System True False Question 28 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which is a method of judicial selection that combines a judicial nominating commission, executive appointment, and nonpartisan confirmation elections? Missouri Plan Mark English Plan Dispute resolution Concept summary plan Incorrect Incorrect Question 29 0 / 2.5 pts CASE 9.3 Donald Reed, a Vietnam Veteran and former engineer, was arrested for possession of marijuana and resisting arrest after officers found him smoking the drug under a bridge overpass in Cincinnati, Ohio. Mr. Reed is currently unemployed and is homeless after divorcing his wife in 1999 and losing his job in 2006. Given this information, answer the following questions. If it was later determined that Mr. Reed or another party was to pay a partial or full amount back to the attorney or organization representing him, this would be called: Indigent referral. Recoupment.4/16/2020 Quiz 8: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Reconciliation. Recompensement. Question 30 2.5 / 2.5 pts The groundwork for the federal court system can be found in the U.S. Constitution, which calls for the creation of one Supreme Court. True False Question 31 2.5 / 2.5 pts How many states have two intermediate appellate courts? 2 3 4 5 Question 32 2.5 / 2.5 pts Out of five thousand cases submitted to the Supreme Court annually, only about half are actually heard.4/16/2020 Quiz 8: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System True False Question 33 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which of the following would not fall under the purview of a court of general jurisdiction? Rape Civil case with damages over $15,000 Simple assault Review of a case on appeal from a court of limited jurisdiction Question 34 2.5 / 2.5 pts If a defense attorney knows that the client is guilty, it is still permissible for the attorney to advice the client to take the stand and deny that he or she committed the offense. True False Question 35 2.5 / 2.5 pts4/16/2020 Quiz 8: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Which of the following are factors that may influence prosecutorial decision making? Court backlog Strength of the evidence Preference for treatment over punishment All of the above Question 36 2.5 / 2.5 pts A court that has primary jurisdiction over specific types of offenses and that operates differently than a traditional criminal courts is referred to as a: Drug court. Court of last resort. Specialized court. Court of limited jurisdiction. Question 37 2.5 / 2.5 pts A judge’s attitudes, beliefs, and views can greatly influence other facets of the criminal justice system, including police officers. True False4/16/2020 Quiz 8: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System Question 38 2.5 / 2.5 pts A felony charge would likely be handled in which state court? Court of special jurisdiction Court of general jurisdiction Court of minimal jurisdiction Court of limited jurisdiction Question 39 2.5 / 2.5 pts Which is the county prosecutor who is charged with bringing offenders to justice and enforcing the criminal laws of the state? U.S. attorney general Chief legal officer District attorney State investigative attorney Question 40 2.5 / 2.5 pts4/16/2020 Quiz 8: CCJ3024.521S20.12065 Survey Criminal Justice System A prosecutorial philosophy that emphasizes support and cooperation from various agencies for preventing crime, as well as a less centralized and more proactive role for local prosecutors is: Municipal prosecution. Community prosecution. Unrestricted prosecution. Private prosecution. Quiz Score: 95 out of 100

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