HIEU 201 Chapter 4 Quiz / HIEU201 Chapter 4 Quiz (NEWEST, 2020) : Liberty University(LATEST answers , Download to score A)
HIEU 201 Chapter 4 Quiz / HIEU201 Chapter 4 Quiz (Latest): Liberty University The Ionian philosophers believed that a. nature was manipulated by arbitrary and willful gods. b. nature contains a hidden structure that is ascertainable by the human mind. c. nature was governed by blind chance and therefore unknowable. d. nature could be thoroughly and persuasively explained by earlier creation legends. Parmenides' fundamental belief was a. that the matter in the world could be destroyed and reformed an infinite number of times. b. that the cosmos and all that is within it is one, eternal, and unchanging. c. that the universe underwent change and development over time. d. that the senses were the only reliable source of information about nature. The Sophists' interest in human and social concerns a. emphasized the importance of traditional religion, government, and law. b. was based on an emotional interpretation of values and institutions. c. reflected their rational, secular, and analytical approach to philosophy. d. was motivated primarily by their metaphysical concern for the place of human beings in the cosmos. Socrates believed that the central concern of the individual should be to a. pursue fame and power within the political life of the polis. b. contemplate the gods and seek immortality. c. attain a deeper knowledge of the matter and structure of the natural world. d. perfect one's character and achieve moral excellence. Plato's political writings a. reject the idea that women should have equal access with men to positions of power. b. reflect his criticism of Athenian democracy. c. advocate a military dictatorship in which the strongest would maintain law and order. d. praise the virtues of democracy over all other forms of government. Aristotle's theory of truth held that a. the Forms were located in a higher world outside of direct human experience. b. Parmenides was right when he rejected information derived from the senses. c. philosophy offered no satisfactory way of investigating the natural world. d. the Forms existed in things themselves. Greek drama a. emphasized only the sufferings and weaknesses of individuals. b. originated in religious festivals. c. avoided depictions of conflict between human beings and the gods. d. avoided investigations of emotion. Aristophanes a. believed female characters on stage to be blasphemy. b. was the greatest writer of Greek tragic drama. c. used comedy to critique Athenian society. d. admired the Athenian leadership of his time. In, I misread – I believe he answer is C. Which of the following is NOT true of the Greek historian Herodotus? a. He demonstrated a cautious and critical attitude toward his sources. b. He eliminated all references to the gods in his writing. c. He attempted to examine the histories of the Greeks and other societies dispassionately, without prejudice. d. He valued the study and preservation of the past. Greek dramatists a. explored both the weaknesses and the courage of human beings. b. believed individuals lacked free will in making decisions. c. omitted from their works rational reflection, focusing instead on characters as passive victims. d. rejected the idea of an inner logic in the universe. The development of rational thought in Greece a. was completed when Plato and Aristotle eliminated all mythical modes of thought from their philosophy. b. represented a significant advance from Near Eastern mythopoeic culture but did not result in the elimination of myth from Greek life and thought. c. represents a smooth continuation of trends that began in the Near East. d. was limited in that reason was applied to the physical world, but not to human activities. The first Ionian philosophers were called cosmologists because they a. rejected the idea that universal principles guided the universe. b. believed that everything in the world was an impermanent illusion. c. rejected the study of nature in favor of the study of the stars alone. d. sought the underlying principles of the universe. Anaximander rejected Thales' theory that water was the original substance and believed instead that ________ was the source of all things. a. fire b. air c. the Boundless d. True Being In contrast to the Mesopotamians and the Egyptians, the Greeks a. created civic politics and political freedom. b. never experienced political tyranny. c. reluctantly embraced monarchy as required for a just state. d. lacked a sense of individual worth. Which of the following is NOT true of Greek medicine as practiced by Hippocratic physicians? a. It involved the classification of patients' symptoms and predictions of the course of their disease. b. It embraced supernatural and magical explanations and cures for disease. c. It was influenced by the thought of the early Greek cosmologists. d. It included detailed recording of the observation of ill patients. Socrates' method of inquiry, dialectics, involved a. a process through which an individual cleared him or herself of all negative thoughts. b. a dialogue between individuals, meant to root out illogical assumptions and arrive at clearly defined ideas. c. analysis that was based on the assumption that human beings are fundamentally irrational. d. the withdrawal of the individual from society, in order to facilitate private contemplation. Plato argued that truth a. is accessible through the senses. b. is an imperfect and transitory reflection of our knowledge of the physical world. c. is subjective, rather than a universal absolute. d. resides in the world of Forms rather than the material world of experience. During the classical age of Greek art, art was a. realistic. b. naturalistic. c. idealistic. d. all of the above Greek historians believed that history a. is not the record of divine wrath or benevolence but the actions solely of human beings. b. is composed of unique events, each with a special meaning. c. was vital in marking progression over time. d. had the purpose of narrating the deeds of gods and their human agents, the god-kings. Thucydides' greatest work a. was a study of military tactics during the Persian War. b. was a great compilation of myths and legends. c. rejected philosophical approaches to history. d. sought general principles that guide human nature, through an analysis of the Peloponnesian War.