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HESI A2 EXAM- Latest 2022 (Updated) VERIFIED ANSWERS

HESI A2 2022 VERSION EXAM- LATEST (Updated) VERIFIED ANSWERS 1. Vocabulary Section (53Q) 2. Math (47Q) 3. Roman Numerals (20Q) 4. Prefixes and Suffixes (22Q) 5. Metric Prefixes (6Q) 6. Chemistry (46Q) 7. Body Regions (29Q) 8. Anatomical Terms of Direction (13Q) 9. Physics (30Q) 10. Grammar (16Q) 11. Anatomy and Physiology (56Q) 12. Math Vocab (42Q) 13. Anatomy (142Q with clear images) Vocabulary Section 1. Define hematochezia 2. Define Hematemesis 3. Define diabetic ketoacidosis 4. Define Polyuria 5. Define polydipsia 6. Define coma 7. Define delirium 8. Define hyperglycemia 9. Define hypoglycemia 10. Define distended 11. Define antispasmodic 12. Define arteries 13. Define bereavement 14. Define cerebrovascular accident 15. Define myocardial infarction 16. Define intellectualization 17. Define somnolent 18. Define a venous ulcer 19. Define dyspnea 20. Define endogenous 21. Define absence 22. Define isometric exercise 23. Define isokinetic exercise 24. Define isotonic exercise 25. Define patent 26. Define atonic 27. Define pleuritic 28. Define pleura 29. Define reaction formation 30. Define insidious 31. Define precipitous 32. Define incipient 33. Define paroxysmal 34. Define Grand Mal Seizure 35. Define clonic seizure 36. Define tonic seizure 37. Define hemoptysis 38. Define hematopoiesis 39. Define anorexia nervosa 40. Define anorexia 41. Define prefix 42. Define suffix 43. Define arterial 44. Define diabetic coma 45. Define Gastroesophageal reflux (acid reflux) 46. Define meningitis 47. Define meninges 48. Define neuropathic ulcer 49. Define plyometrics 50. Define pneumonia 51. Define staging 52. Define stupor 53. Define veins Math 1. Describe the set of whole numbers 2. What are integers? 3. What is absolute value? 4. What are prime numbers? 5. What is a composite number? 6. What are decimals? 7. What is the commutative property? 8. What is the associative property? 9. What is the distributive property? 10. How does a decimal point move when multiplying and dividing by 10? 11. Deci- 12. Centi- 13. Milli- 14. Hecto- 15. Deca- 16. Kilo- 17. How many milliliters are in 5 liters of solution? 18. How many kilograms are in 4.8 grams? 19. How many centiliters are in 4.7 kiloliters? 20. How many liters are in 30 microliters? 21. What is a fraction? 22. What is a proper fraction? 23. What is a mixed number and how can it be converted to a fraction? 24. How could a whole number be converted to a fraction? 25. What are equivalent fractions? 26. How are two fractions multiplied? 27. When working with fractions, which operations require a common denominator? 28. What is a guaranteed way to find a common denominator? 29. How are fractions added or subtracted? 30. How can a fraction become a decimal and vice versa? 31. What is 30% of 760? 32. 8.4 is 20% of what number? 33. What are ratios? 34. What are rates? 35. What are unit rates? 36. What are percentages? 37. How are decimals converted to percentages and vice versa? 38. If 20% of the class are girls, and 30 students are in the class, how many girls are in the class? 39. How is military time converted to regular time? 40. What is the order of operations? 41. What are variables? 42. What are the U.S. customary units for Length from shortest to longest? 43. What are the metric units of Length from shortest to longest? 44. What are the U.S. customary units for volume of liquid from smallest to largest? 45. What are the metric units for volume of liquids from smallest to largest? 46. What are the U.S. customary system units for weight from least to greatest? 47. What are the metric units for mass from least to greatest? Roman Numerals 1. I 2. V 3. X 4. L 5. C 6. D 7. M 8. II 9. III 10. IV 11. VI 12. VII 13. VIII 14. IX 15. XLIII 16. XXX 17. XL 18. ML 19. XXIX 20. MCMLXXXVIII Prefixes and Suffixes 1. Dis- 2. Re- 3. in-, im-, il-, or ir- 4. Un- 5. Anti- 6. Fore- 7. Mis- 8. Non- 9. Pre- 10. Super- 11. -able 12. -al 13. -ism 14. -less 15. -ment 16. -ness 17. -ize, or –ise 18. -ced, -cede, or –ceed 19. Endo- 20. -genous 21. dys- 22. -pnea Metric Prefixes 1. kilo (k) 2. hecto (h) 3. deca (da) 4. Deci (d) 5. Centi (c) 6. milli (m) Chemistry 1. What is the Kelvin scale? 2. What is an element? 3. What are heterogeneous mixtures? 4. What are homogenous mixtures? 5. What are atoms? 6. What are ions? 7. What are compounds and molecules, and how do they differ? 8. What are the properties of solids? 9. What are the properties of liquids? 10. What are the properties of gases? 11. In terms of an atom, what is the nucleus? 12. What are electrons? 13. How is the atomic number of an atom determined? 14. How is the mass number of an atom determined? 15. What are isotopes? 16. What are valence electrons? 17. Describe the groups and periods on the period table. 18. What is the atomic radius? 19. What is electronegativity? 20. What is ionization energy, and what is it's trend in the periodic table? 21. What is electron affinity? 22. What are the primary characteristics of ionic bonds? 23. What are cations? 24. What is an anion? 25. What are some primary characteristics of covalent bonds? 26. What are some primary characteristics of metlic bonds? 27. What is the kinetic theory of matter? 28. What is the ideal gas law? 29. What is a synthesis reaction? 30. What is a decomposition reaction? 31. Explain what happens in a single displacement, substitution, or reaction. 32. What is a double displacement (metathesis) reaction? 33. What are acids? 34. What are bases? 35. What is a solution? 36. What is molarity? 37. What is alpha radiation? 38. What is beta radiation? 39. What is gamma radiation? 40. What is fission? 41. What is fusion? 42. What is the first law of thermodynamics? 43. What does the law of conservation of mass state? 44. What is the effect of pressure on a liquid solution? 45. What type of bonding results from transferring electrons between atoms? 46. What is scientific notation? Body Regions 1. Cervical 2. Clavicular 3. Ocular 4. Acromial 5. Cubital 6. Brachial 7. Carpal 8. Thoracic 9. Abdominal 10. Pubic 11. Pelvic 12. Femoral 13. Geniculate 14. Pedal 15. Palmar 16. Plantar 17. right hypochondriac region 18. epigastric region 19. left hypochondriac region 20. right lumbar region 21. umbilical region 22. left lumbar region 23. right inguinal region 24. hypogastric region 25. left inguinal region 26. Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ) 27. Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ) 28. Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ) 29. Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ) Anatomical Terms of Direction 1. Medial 2. Lateral 3. Proximal 4. Distal 5. Anterior (ventral) 6. Posterior (dorsal) 7. superior (cephalic, cranial) 8. Inferior (caudal) 9. Superficial 10. Deep 11. frontal (coronal) plane 12. Sagittal (lateral) plane 13. transverse plane Physics 1. What is Ohm's Law? 2. Describe the two primary forms of energy 3. Describe angular displacement 4. How is an objects force calculated? 5. How is an object's speed calculated? 6. What is velocity? 7. Contrast transverse waves and longitudinal waves 8. Describe mechanical waves 9. Describe electromagnetic waves 10. Define waves and list the four parts of one 11. When is a material considered to be a conductor? 12. What atomic makeup causes a material to be an insulator? 13. Explain magnetism 14. Describe the difference between series circuits and parallel circuits 15. What is an atoms binding energy? 16. Describe atoms 17. Define lenses and describe two types 18. When is a wave refracted? 19. Describe momentum 20. Define centripetal force 21. What is meant by the displacement of an object? 22. Describe the four types of friction 23. Describe the difference between a vector quantity and a scalar quantity 24. What is friction? 25. What does projectile motion describe? 26. What does acceleration measure? 27. What does the law of conservation of energy state? 28. State the law of intertia 29. What does newtons law of universal gravitation state? 30. What is the law of reflection Grammar 1. What are the eight parts of speech? 2. List and explain the four types of sentences 3. What is meant by parallel structure? 4. What is a modifier? 5. What is a compound-complex sentence? 6. What is a complex sentence? 7. What are simple and compound sentences? 8. What is a proper noun? 9. What is pronoun case? 10. What are possessive pronouns? 11. What is an adjective? 12. What are the three basic requirements of a sentence? 13. What is the predicate of a sentence? 14. What are objective pronouns? 15. What are subjective pronouns? 16. Compare and contrast independent and dependent clauses Anatomy and Physiology 1. Describe the abdominal cavity 2. Where is the pelvic cavity, and what organs does it contain? 3. Define spinal cavity 4. What are the five regions of the vertebral column? 5. Define cranial cavity 6. What does proximal mean? 7. When considering the head and neck, which structure is superior, which is inferior, and what are the alternative names for these relationships? 8. Using anatomic directional terms, how are the eyes positioned relative to the nose? 9. Define frontal plane 10. Define sagittal plane 11. Define transverse plane 12. Define epithelial tissue 13. What are the four patterns of epithelial cells? 14. Define connective tissues 15. What are the functions of the skin? 16. What are the layers of the skin? 17. Describe the types of cells that comprise the epidermis 18. What is the difference between endocrine and excocrine glands? 19. What are sebaceous glands and what is their function? 20. What are eccrine glands and what is their function? 21. Define apocrine glands 22. What is the structure and function of smooth muscle cells? 23. What are four common characteristics of neurons? 24. What brain structures are included in the limbic system? 25. What is the function of the autonomic nervous system, and what are its two divisions? 26. Define parasympathetic nerves 27. Define sympathetic nerves 28. Explain how reflex arcs transmit involuntary reflexes 29. Describe the two types of hormones 30. Where is the pituitary gland located and what is its function? 31. Where is the thymus gland located and what is its purpose? 32. What is the responsibility of the pineal gland? 33. Describe thyroxine and calcitonin 34. Where are the parathyroid glands and what is their function? 35. Explain the function of capillaries and the characteristics of the three types 36. Define blood and describe its composition 37. Define erythrocytes 38. What are leukocytes? 39. What is the function of monocytes? 40. What is the function of lymphocytes? 41. What is the function of neutrophils? 42. What is the function of basophils? 43. What is the function of eosinophils? 44. Describe the two types of atrioventricular valves 45. Explain how the diaphragm causes air to move into the lungs. 46. Where is the duodenum and what is its function? 47. Define nephrons 48. What is a zygote? 49. The somatic nervous system is responsible for ———— 50. What blood component is chiefly responsible for clotting? 51. Define renal pelvis 52. Define renal cortex 53. Define renal medulla 54. List the levels of organization in the human body from smallest to largest 55. Describe the thoracic cavity 56. What makes bone resistant to shattering? Math Vocab 1. Integer 2. Absolute value (| |) 3. Prime numbers 4. Composite numbers 5. Real numbers 6. Rational numbers 7. Irrational numbers 8. Commutative Property 9. Associative property 10. Factors 11. Product 12. Distributive Property 13. Dividend 14. Divisor 15. Quotient 16. kilo (k) 17. hecto (h) 18. Deca 19. Deci 20. Centi 21. Milli 22. Mega 23. Micro 24. Fraction bar 25. Proper fraction 26. Improper fraction 27. Mixed numbers 28. greatest common factor (GCF) 29. common denominator 30. least common denominator (LCD) 31. Ratio 32. Rates 33. Unit rates 34. Conversion factor 35. Scale factor 36. Percentage 37. Exponents 38. Base 39. Algebra 40. Variables 41. Constant 42. Monomial Anatomy 1. What are the three overlapping functions of the nervous system?: 2. Divisions of the nervous system?: 3. What are the cerebral meninges?: 4. CSF (Cerebrospinal fluid): 5. What are the cells of the nervous system?: 6. What are the neuroglia (supporting cells)?: 7. What are the types of neuroglial cells in the CNS?: 8. What are the types of neuroglial cells in PNS?: 9. What are neurons?: 10. The nerve impulse: 11. What are synapses: 12. What is the action potential?: 13. Excitatory vs inhibitory synapses?: 14. What are the connective tissues covering the nerves?: 15. What is the spinal cord?: 16. Sensory (afferent) signals: 17. Somatic sensory: 18. Visceral sensory: 19. motor (efferent) signals: 20. Somatic motor sensory: 21. Branchial motor sensory: 22. Visceral motor sensory: 23. What are the reflex arcs?: 24. What are the five essential components of the reflex arc?: 25. What are the types of reflexes?: 26. What are the four regions of the brain?: 27. What is the brain stem?: 28. What is the cerebellum?: 29. What are the cerebral hemispheres components: 30. What are the sulci of the cerebral hemispheres?: 31. What is the cerebral cortex?: 32. What are the functional regions of the cerebral cortex?: 33. What is the primary motor cortex?: 34. What is the motor area of the cerebral cortex?: 35. Sensory areas of the cerebral cortex: 36. What is the somatosensory assocaition area (sensory of cerebral cor- tex?): 37. Brodmann areas: 38. What is the basal nuclei?: 39. What is the corpus striatum: 40. Lentiform nucleus: 41. What are the ventricles in the brain?: 42. Cranial nerves: 43. Cranial nerves list: 44. False vs true pelvis: 45. Pelvic outlet: 46. The pelvis is separated from the perineum by the: 47. Perineum: 48. What are the muscular walls of the pelvis?: 49. Internal iliac artery: 50. Lumbosacral plexus: 51. What are the internal genital organs (female)?: 52. What are the external genital organs (female)?: 53. What is the broad ligament of the uterus?: 54. What are the ovaries?: 55. What are the fallopian tubes?: What is the uterus?: 56. Uterus: 57. The internal Os of the cervix, Cervical canal, and external Os is in Nulliparous and after childbirth: 58. Incompetent internal Os: 59. What happens to the uterine muscles during pregnancy?: 60. Blood supply of the uterus: 61. Innervation of the uterus: 62. Pap smear: 63. What are Leiomyomas (Fibroids)?: 64. How is the uterus supported?: 65. Loss of support of uterus may cuase: 66. A retroverted uterine may be a cause of: 67. What is the ligamentous support of uterus?: 68. The mucosa of the uterus: 69. Menstrual cycle: 70. What is the desquamation/regeneration phase of menstruation?: 71. What is the proliferation phase of menstruation?: 72. What is the secretion phase?: 73. What is the Fallopian tube?: 74. What are the four parts of the Fallopioan tube: 75. Blood supply of the Fallopian tube: 76. What is the site of fertilization in the Fallopian tube?: 77. Ectopic pregnancy: 78. Salpingitis: 80. Histerosalpingography: 81. Urinary bladder: 82. Urinary bladder volumes: 83. What is the male urethra?: 84. What is in the prostatic part of the male urethra?: 85. Where do ejaculatory ducts open?: 86. What is the membranous (intermediate) part of the male urethra? 87. What is the spongy urethra?: 88. Blood supply of urethra: 89. Innervation to male urethra: 90. Female urethra: 91. Blood suppy to female urethra: 92. Testis: 93. WHat is the pampiniform venous plexus?: 94. Innervation of the testis: 95. Lymphatic drainage of testis: 96. What are the layers of the scrotum?: 97. What is the blood supply of the scrotum?: 98. Lymphatics of scrotum: 99. Innervation of the scrotum: 100. What is the epididymis: 101. Where is spermatozoa produced?: 102. What is the ductus deferens?: 103. Blood supply of the ductus deferens: 104. What are the seminal vesicles: 105. Blood supply of seminal vesicles: 106. Innervation of the seminal vesicle: 107. What is the prostate?: 108. What does the prostate produce: 109. Blood supply of the prostate: 110. Prostatic venous plexus: 111. Innervation of the prostate: 112. What is the perineum: 113. What is the perineal body?: 114. Perineal muscles are all innervated by the: 115. External anal sphincter: 116. Parts of the penis?: 117. Prepuce: 118. Erection mechanism: 119. Emission mechanism: 120. Ejaculation: 121. Hypospadia: 122. Phimosis: 123. Paraphimosis: 124. Clitoris: 125. Vestibule: 126. Bulbs of the vestibule: 127. Oral cavity may be divided into: 128. Oropharyngeal isthmus: 129. Tonsilar fossa: 130. Roof of the oral cavity: 131. Uvula: 132. Cleft palate: 133. Cleft lip: 134. Floor of the oral cavity: 135. Lateral wall of oral cavity: 136. What are the salivary glands: 137. Mumps can cause: 138. Measles (Rubeola): 139. Herpes simplex 1: 140. Lichen planus: 141. Aphthous ulcer:

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