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Contemporary_Nursing_Issues_Trends all chapters-Copy.pdf

Chapter 01: The Evolution of Professional Nursing Cherry & Jacob: Contemporary Nursing: Issues, Trends, and Management, 8th Edition MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Clara Barton is known for: a. becoming the first black public health nurse. b. establishing the Henry Street Settlement. c. founding the American Red Cross. d. publicizing the inadequacies of hospital-based nursing schools. ANS: C The American Red Cross, founded by Clara Barton in 1882, assisted in efforts to continue public health nursing. DIF: Knowledge REF: p. 11 2. Students are assigned to write to their state leaders about an issue affecting their community. One student writes about the need among rural community for greater access to acute care services. Which of the following pieces of legislation should the student use as a reference? a. Social Security Act b. Hill-Burton Act c. Sheppard-Towner Act d. U.S. Civil Service Act ANS: B The purpose of the Hill-Burton Act was to provide funding to construct hospitals and to help states in plan for other health care facilities in accordance with the needs of communities. DIF: Knowledge REF: p. 13 3. The practice of public health nursing and the Henry Street Settlement are credited to: a. Mary Breckenridge. b. Mary Seacole. c. Clara Barton. d. Lillian Wald. ANS: D Lillian Wald, a pioneer in public health nursing, is best known for the development and establishment of the Henry Street Settlement. DIF: Knowledge REF: p. 6 4. Occupational health nursing features beliefs similar to those of which early nursing pioneer? a. Lillian Wald b. Florence Nightingale c. Clara Barton d. Mary Seacole ANS: A Lillian Wald developed the first nursing service for occupational health. DIF: Comprehension REF: p. 10 5. What historical event first led to the recognition of the contribution of blacks to nursing? a. Florence Nightingale’s acceptance of black nurses into the first nursing school b. The contributions of black nurses at the Pennsylvania Hospital, the first hospital in America c. Mary Seacole’s efforts to care for soldiers during the Crimean War d. The work done by wives of wealthy black nobles who carried food and medicine from house to house during the Middle Ages ANS: C Although Nightingale’s school refused Seacole, she was able to make a difference in the Crimean War and later was recognized for her efforts. DIF: Comprehension REF: pp. 8-9 6. World War I contributed to the advancement of health care by: a. increasing the number of private care hospitals and decreasing the role of public health services. b. employing a large number of civilians to provide care to returning soldiers through the Red Cross. c. introducing specialists in nursing such as nurse anesthetists. d. increasing the number of community health nurses. ANS: C World War I offered nurses a chance to enter into new fields of specialization, as is seen in the example of nurse anesthetists, who became part of surgical teams at the front lines. DIF: Comprehension REF: p. 11 7. The primary purpose of the Social Security Act of 1935 was to: a. increase research that focused on minority groups. b. provide medical care for chemically impaired persons. c. ensure health care for older adults through a national insurance system. d. decrease the public’s financial burden by limiting services offered by local health departments. ANS: C By providing health insurance for older adults, the Social Security Act of 1935 set the precedent for the passage of the Medicare and Medicaid Acts that followed in 1965, but the act also provided maternal and child welfare services, rehabilitation for the mentally and physically challenged, medical care for blind individuals and crippled children, and unemployment benefits. DIF: Comprehension REF: p. 12

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