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SOC1502 Study Questions and Exams Flashcards.

SOC1502 Study Questions and Exams Flashcards. xenocentrism Most cultures have been found to identify laughter as a sign of humour, joy, or pleasure. Likewise, most cultures recognize music in some form. Music and laughter are examples of: 1. relativism 2. ethnocentrism 3. xenocentrism 4. universalism 4. universalism A nation's flag is: 1. a symbol 2. a value 3. a culture 4. a folkway 1. a symbol The existence of social norms, both formal and informal, is one of the main things that inform ___________, otherwise known as a way to encourage social conformity. 1. values 2. sanctions 3. social control 4. mores 3. social control The biggest difference between mores and folkways is that: 1. mores are primarily linked to morality, whereas folkways are primarily linked to being commonplace within a culture 2. mores are absolute, whereas folkways are temporary 3. mores refer to material culture, whereas folkways refer to nonmaterial culture 4. mores refer to nonmaterial culture, whereas folkways refer to material culture 1. mores are primarily linked to morality, whereas folkaways are primarily linked to being The notion that people cannot feel or experience something that they do not have a word for can be explained by: 1. linguistics 2. Sapir-Whorf 3. ethnographic imagery 4. bilingualism 2. Sapir-Whorf Cultural sanctions can also be viewed as ways that society: 1. establishes leaders 2. determines language 3. regulates behaviour 4. determines laws 3. regulates behavior An example of high culture is ___________, whereas an example of popular culture would be ____________. 1. Dostoevsky style in film; American Idol winners 2. medical marijuana; film noir 3. country music; pop music 4. political theory; sociological theory 1. Dostoevsky style in film; American Idol winners The Ku Klux Klan is an example of what part of culture? 1. Counterculture 2. Subculture 3. Multiculturalism 4. Afrocentricity 1. counterculture Modern-day hipsters are an example of: 1. ethnocentricity 2. counterculture 3. subculture 4. high culture 3. subculture Your 83-year-old grandmother has been using a computer for some time now. As a way to keep in touch, you frequently send emails of a few lines to let her know about your day. She calls after every email to respond point 1. cultural lag by point, but she has never emailed a response back. This can be viewed as an example of: 1. cultural lag 2. innovation 3. ethnocentricity 4. xenophobia Some jobs today advertise in multinational markets and permit telecommuting in lieu of working from a primary location. This broadening of the job market and the way that jobs are performed can be attributed to: 1. cultural lag 2. innovation 3. discovery 4. globalization 4. globalization The major difference between invention and discovery is: 1. invention is based on technology, whereas discovery is usually based on culture 2. discovery involves finding something that already exists, but invention puts things together in a new way 3. invention refers to material culture, whereas discovery can be material or theoretic, like laws of physics 4. invention is typically used to refer to international objects, whereas discovery refers to that which is local to one's culture 2. discovery involves finding something that already exists, but invention puts things together in a new way That McDonald's is found in almost every country around the world is an example of: 1. globalization 2. diffusion 3. culture lag 4. xenocentrism 2. diffusion A sociologist conducts research into the ways that Hispanic American students are historically underprivileged in the American education system. What theoretical approach is the sociologist using? 1. symbolic interactionism 2. functionalism 3. conflict theory 4. ethnocentrism 3. conflict theory . The Occupy Wall Street movement of 2011 grew to be an international movement. Supporters believe that the economic disparity between the highest economic class and the mid to lower economic classes is growing at an exponentially alarming rate. A sociologist who studies that movement by examining the interactions between members at Occupy camps would most likely use what theoretical approach? 1. symbolic interactionism 2. functionalism 3. conflict theory 4. ethnocentrism.

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