PSYCHOLOGY PSY 103 INTRO to PSYCH -WEEK 2 EXAM - $8.49   Add to cart

Exam (elaborations)

PSYCHOLOGY PSY 103 INTRO to PSYCH -WEEK 2 EXAM

1) Sensation is the process of _____ raw sensory data from the internal and external world and transmitting it to the brain. a) detecting, converting, and transmitting b) selecting and organizing c) detecting and organizing d) selecting, receiving, and organizing 2) Sensory receptors are __________. a) body cells specialized to receive and process sensory information from the environment b) brain cells specialized to detect and respond to stimulus energy c) found in the body and the brain d) stimulated by perception 3) The fact that we can detect a candle flame at 30 miles away on a clear dark night is referred to as the _________________ for vision. a) difference threshold b) absolute threshold c) pain threshold d) sensory adaptation 4) Psychophysics is the study of ______. a) the specific energy patterns that drive our thought processes b) the relation between physical characteristics of stimuli and our sensory experience of them c) our perceptions of physical laws d) the physical laws that govern energy consumption in our brains 5) A subliminal stimulus refers to any stimulus that _____. a) is presented during a person's motivational need state b) manipulates people without their knowing about it c) is presented below the threshold of a person's conscious awareness d) is presented within the threshold of a person's preconscious awareness 6) The body releases __________, which help(s) athletes play through painful injuries. a) serotonin b) endorphins c) glucocorticoids d) enzymes 7) Light and sound both move in _____________.a) series b) sequence c) cycles d) waves 8) The iris is the colored part of the eye that controls the opening of the _____. a) lens b) optic chiasm c) pupil d) cornea 9) The light-sensitive inner surface of the back of the eye, which contains rods and cones, is called the _____. a) lens b) cornea c) retina d) fovea 10) Frequency theory states that we hear lower-pitched sounds because _____. a) hair cells bend the most at a specific location on the basilar membrane b) hair cells on the basilar membrane fire action potentials at the same rate as the frequency of the low sound c) more axons fire action potentials (compared with fewer axons with higher-pitch sounds) d) auditory vesicles are stimulated at lower pitches 11) Loudness of sound is measured in the unit called __________. a) hertz b) decibel c) frequency d) timbre 12) Our sense of smell is also known as _____________. a) gustation b) kinesthesis c) the chemical sense d) olfaction 13) ________________ are naturally occurring body scents that affect, in particular, the sexual behaviors of others. a) Hormones b) Pheromones c) Neurotransmitters d) Phenomes14) The sense of gustation is important from an evolutionary standpoint because __________. a) it allows us to enjoy the food that we eat b) it helps us stay away from foods that are harmful or toxic c) it helps to enhance our sense of smell d) a and b 15) The sense of balance, or body orientation and position in respect to gravity and 3-D space, is called the ____. a) kinesthetic sense b) vestibular sense c) cochlear sense d) postural sense 16) The process of selecting, organizing, and interpreting sensory data into usable mental representations of the world is called ____. a) perceptual accuracy b) illusory perception c) perception d) sensory perception 17) When our perceptions don't agree with our sensations, a(n) _______ results. a) illusion b) hallucination c) delusion d) sensory enigma 18) When we organize patterns in order to perceive an entire stimulus, rather than just its parts, we are using _____ principle of perception. a) the wholistic b) Wundt's c) the Gestalt d) the closure 19) The tendency for the environment to be perceived as remaining the same even with changes in sensory input is called _____. a) perceptual constancy b) the constancy of expectation c) an illusory correlation d) Gestalt's primary principle Chapter Number: Chapter 05 1) Consciousness is defined as _____.a) ordinary and extraordinary wakefulness b) an awareness of one's self and one's surroundings c) mental representations of the world in the here and now d) any mental state that requires thinking and processing of sensory stimuli 2) Which one of the following is an altered state of consciousness? a) hypnosis b) reading a book c) sleeping d) a and c 3) Circadian rhythms are _____. a) patterns that repeat themselves on a twice daily schedule b) physical and mental changes associated with the cycle of the moon c) rhythmical processes in your brain d) biological changes that occur on a 24-hour cycle 4) Mental activities that require focused attention are called _____. a) thinking processes b) controlled processes c) alert states of consciousness d) conscious awareness 5) As you read this test, you will likely do best if you _____. a) are in an alternate state of consciousness b) employ automatic processing c) let your stream of consciousness take charge d) employ controlled processing 6) Mental activities that require minimal attention are called _____ processes. a) automobile b) automatic c) autonomic d) unconscious 7) The biologically based, lowest level of awareness identified in your text is _____. a) daydreaming b) unconscious c) subconscious d) preconscious

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