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HISTORY113 UNIT 3 SOPHIA MILESTONE 1

HISTORY113 UNIT 3 SOPHIA MILESTONE 1 Why did the United States adopt a "Europe first" strategy upon entering World War II? Soviet soldiers were preventing German troops from entering key Soviet cities. The United States owed large sums of money to European nations after World War I. Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt had convinced Joseph Stalin that Italy was vulnerable to invasion. CONCEPT Fighting World War II 2 Choose the action that reflects U.S. involvement in Vietnam during the Lyndon Johnson administration. The first American military forces landed in Vietnam. The President approved a military coup to remove Diem from power in South Vietnam. The United States participated in negotiations to establish national elections that would reunify North and South Vietnam. CONCEPT The Early 1960s 3 Choose the statement that best reflects a reaction against Brown v. Board of Education by Southerners during the 1950s. "We support an amendment to the Constitution that limits the power of the federal courts." "Governor Faubus must be removed from office for complying with the court decision." “Before that bus boycott, we had to enter through and sit in the back of the bus.” CONCEPT The Consequences of Brown V Board 4 Which of the following is an agreement formed during the Potsdam Conference? The U.S. promised to send economic aid to the Soviet Union to compensate for their losses in the war. The Soviet Union gained sole control over East Germany, including all of Berlin. The Soviet Union agreed to join the United Nations. CONCEPT Origins of the Cold War 5 Choose the statement that describes a way that conformity was encouraged among Americans during the Second Red Scare. "All Americans have access to good jobs thanks to the expansion of the Works Progress Administration." "Everyone is required to register for military service to defend the country from the Soviets." "We must establish good relations with China to prevent Communists from committing espionage within the United States." CONCEPT The Cold War in America 6 Discrimination in the housing sector after World War II allowed whites to live in houses they owned in the suburbs, but when blacks tried to buy homes in predominately white neighborhoods, they were often unable to do so because of legal agreements or contracts that prevented white property owners from selling their houses to black buyers. These agreements or contracts were called . block busting redlining conservations CONCEPT The Origins of Brown V Board 7 Which of the following was a cause of the attack on Pearl Harbor? American citizens were ordered to leave Japan and return to the U.S. The U.S. had placed an embargo on Japan's ally, Italy. The U.S. was providing supplies to Great Britain. CONCEPT The American Homefront 8 Read the excerpt from an National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) petition asking the United Nations to investigate racism in the United States, the introduction of which was written by W. E. B. Du Bois: "There are in the United States of America, fifteen millions or more of native-born citizens, something less than a tenth of the nation, who form largely a segregated caste, with restricted legal rights, and many illegal disabilities. They are descendants of the Africans brought to America during the sixteenth, seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries and reduced to slave labor." What was the purpose of Du Bois’s opening statement? He was appealing to the international community to condemn the United States. He was arguing for the United Nations to respect African countries currently experiencing decolonization. He was asking the U.S. government to correct wrongs committed in the past. CONCEPT Cold War and the Civil Rights Movement 9 Which of the following statements reflects a reason identity politics grew in the United States in the 1960s? "My identity as a woman was less important than my identity as an American." "The Democratic and Republican Parties were growing further apart on social policy." “Based on the idea that the United States is a melting pot, we support policies that address the needs of all Americans.” CONCEPT The Rise of Identity Politics in America 10 Prior to Brown v. Board of Education, President Truman created a committee to . grant equal access to graduate education desegregate sports strike down racially discriminatory real estate covenants CONCEPT The Origins of Brown V Board 11 In a geopolitical sense, what was one motivation behind President Harry Truman's decision to use the atomic bomb on Japan? To put other Asian countries on alert that they could be next To prove to the Allied powers that the United States was the dominant world power To convince Germany to surrender unconditionally CONCEPT Truman and the Atomic Bomb 12 Looking at the election of Richard Nixon to the presidency in 1968 through ONLY the lens of class leads to which of the following conclusions? The disarray of the Democratic Party in Chicago aided Nixon's election by contributing to the sense that America was unraveling. Many voters were angry at the Kerner Commission's suggestion that white Americans were responsible for the creation of the racial ghetto. The election of 1968 revealed a political realignment occurring in many of the Southern states. CONCEPT The Significance of 1968 13 One component of containment policy was the Marshall Plan. Which of the following was one of the conditions of the Marshall Plan? "A percentage of any aid received must go to the production of food and other supplies for West Berlin." “Countries that receive aid must agree to defend one another in the event of Soviet aggression.” "Countries must formally pledge their support for capitalism and free trade before receiving any aid." CONCEPT The Cold War in Europe: The Iron Curtain Descends 14 The United Nations issued a Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. Which of the following statements reflects an idea contained in the United Nations' Universal Declaration of Human Rights? All nations are bound to defend this Declaration if another nation violates it. Human rights are impossible to define. All war should be outlawed for the good of the world. CONCEPT Cold War and the Civil Rights Movement 15 Choose the true statement about the relationship between private business and the federal government during World War II. "Prices for the consumer goods we produced spiked during the war in the absence of government regulation." "Corporations were allowed to ignore federal regulations to protect us workers in the interest of wartime production." "Wartime production was mostly done by government-owned factories rather than private companies like mine." CONCEPT Arsenal of Democracy 16 What was one consequence of containment policy on American politics in the 1940s and 1950s? An increase in Communist sympathies among the public Highly contested legislative elections The discovery of more than 200 Communist sympathizers in the State Department CONCEPT The Cold War in America 17 Choose the true statement about the effects of economic expansion in 1950s America. "As a woman, I was able to keep my job in the factory even after veterans returned home." "I waited until I was older to marry so that I could take afford a bigger house." "My dishwasher and electric vacuum cleaner made my domestic responsibilities lighter." CONCEPT Family Life in the 1950s 18 What was one motivation behind the development of the United States' containment policy following World War II? To restrict the movement of European refugees after the war. To defend against the military alliance formed between the Soviet Union and the postwar German government. To establish a "second front" between the Soviet Union and Communist China. CONCEPT Origins of the Cold War 19 Which of the following traditions reflected the relationship between conformity and the American family in the 1950s? Bachelors were celebrated for expressing their freedom. Sons and daughters were encouraged equally to attend college and prepare for a career. Those who chose to live outside of societal norms were largely ignored by mainstream culture. CONCEPT Family Life in the 1950s 20 "After the violence at Selma, our governor, George Wallace, refused to do anything about it, so I was proud of our president, who introduced and signed a bill into law which removed obstacles for African Americans and lent federal support to our cause." What was the name of that bill? The Civil Rights Act The Equal Rights Act The Great Society Act CONCEPT Johnson's Vision: The Great Society 21 What was president John Kennedy's response when Freedom Riders were met with open resistance by Southern whites? He privately supported the riders, but he made no public action. He ordered the rides to stop because they were too dangerous. He urged Congress to pass legislation to protect Freedom Riders. CONCEPT The Early 1960s 22 Which of the following led to the United States abandoning its neutral stance in World War II? Hitler successfully invaded Great Britain. The Nye Committee found that bankers and industrialists had influenced America's involvement in World War I. The United States suffered a direct attack by Germany. CONCEPT Neutrality to Involvement 23 "In these days, it is doubtful that any child may reasonably be expected to succeed in life if he is denied the opportunity of an education. Such an opportunity, where the state has undertaken to provide it, is a right which must be made available to all on equal terms." According to this excerpt from the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education, why was public school segregation unconstitutional? Segregation in schools creates feelings of inferiority among black children, which has a lasting and negative effect on society. Public school segregation violates the Supreme Court decision handed down in Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896. The segregation of public schools has led to underfunded schools for black children that lack the same amenities as white schools. CONCEPT The Consequences of Brown V Board 24 Which of the following was associated with the New Left during the 1960s? Withdrawal from mainstream society Support for the Vietnam war Communes CONCEPT The Liberal Coalition Unravels 25 Which of the following World War II events happened first? Japan invaded China and captured the city of Nanjing. Congress passed the Lend-Lease Act to assist Great Britain. Britain and France declared war on Germany. CONCEPT Neutrality to Involvement 26 When civil rights activists crossed the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Salem, they were beaten by police on a day that became known as "Bloody Sunday;" the violence was a factor in prompting President Lyndon Johnson to sign which bill into law? The Higher Education Act The Economic Opportunity Act The Civil Rights Act CONCEPT The Early 1960s 27 What did President Kennedy order in response to the Cuban Missile Crisis? The Bay of Pigs invasion A trade alliance with the Soviet Union Strong U.S. support of the Castro regime CONCEPT The Cold War Continues 28 Choose the statement that describes an economic consequence of the United States as an "arsenal of democracy" during World War II. "The U.S. manufacturing sector produced less than Germany did during the war." "Because taxes on income were lowered for the middle class, the wealthy, like my family, bore the brunt of funding the war effort." "U.S. soldiers gained the most from our participation in the war." CONCEPT Arsenal of Democracy 29 Select the statement that best reflects Dwight Eisenhower's New Look strategy during the Cold War. It reduced the American nuclear arsenal to diminish the threat of nuclear war. It provided the U.S. with a range of nonmilitary options for dealing with communist aggression. It encouraged the formation of the Green Berets, a special forces unit trained in counterinsurgency. CONCEPT The Cold War Continues 30 Choose the true statement about women in the workforce during World War II. Women were excluded from the high-paying defense industry. Wages for women were comparable to men’s wages for the same jobs. It was still highly unusual for a woman with children to work during the war. CONCEPT The American Homefront 31 Choose the statement that best explains why Eugene McCarthy had the support of many students during the 1968 presidential election. He had the support of most party leaders and was popular with blue collar workers who were in unions. He represented Southern Democrats who were resistant to the party’s support of the civil rights movement. Most of his support was coming from African Americans and other minorities, as well as Catholics. CONCEPT The Significance of 1968 © 2020 SOPHIA Learning, LLC. SOPHIA is a registered trademark of SOPHIA Learning, LLC. About Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use

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