Test Bank For Vander’s Human Physiology 14th Edition (complete) | A Descriptive Test Bank for Vander’s Human Physiology 14th Edition_ Latest updated 2021 - $19.49   Add to cart

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Test Bank For Vander’s Human Physiology 14th Edition (complete) | A Descriptive Test Bank for Vander’s Human Physiology 14th Edition_ Latest updated 2021

Test Bank For Vander’s Human Physiology 14th Edition A Descriptive Test Bank for Vander’s Human Physiology 14th Edition By Eric P. Widmaier Dr., Hershel Raff, Kevin T. Strang Dr. What is this product? Test Bank for Vander’s Human Physiology 14th Edition is not a textbook, instead, this is a test bank or solution manual as indicated on the product title. Test Bank: This is a supplement to the textbook created by experts to help you with your exams. It is a collection of exam questions based on the textbook, just like the ones you will get in your exams. They are mostly Multiple Choice, True or False, Fill in the Blank and short answer type questions with solutions. Please check the sample to exactly know the material that you will download after buying. Solution Manual: A book guide to be simple. If the product title indicates “Solution Manual”, it will cover the questions from the end of the chapters in your textbook. Some solution guides may include project and assignment solutions as well. Do check the sample to know what you will receive with the download as it has one full chapter of the content available. When will the product be delivered? There is absolutely no waiting time. You will have instant access as soon as the payment is completed. Chapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-1 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. Chapter 02 Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology Multiple Choice Questions 1. Which correctly describes the structure of an atom? A. There are always the same number of protons and neutrons. B. There are always the same number of protons and electrons. C. There are always the same number of neutrons and electrons. D. The number of protons, neutrons, and electrons is always the same E. There are never the same number of neutrons and protons. Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C01.01a Describe the charge, mass, and relative location of electrons, protons and neutrons with respect to the structure of an atom. HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Atoms and molecules 2. What directly determines an atom's identity? A. the number of electrons B. the number of neutrons C. the number of protons D. the number of bonds it can form E. the ratio of protons to electrons Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C01.01a Describe the charge, mass, and relative location of electrons, protons and neutrons with respect to the structure of an atom. HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Atoms and moleculesChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-2 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 3. Carbon-12 and carbon-14 are isotopes. How are they different from each other? A. different numbers of protons B. different numbers of neutrons C. different numbers of electrons D. they can form different numbers of chemical bonds E. different number of energy shells Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C01.01c Explain how ions and isotopes are produced by changing the relative number of specific subatomic particles with respect to the structure of an atom. HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Atoms and molecules 4. Which is a covalent bond? A. two atoms share inner-orbit electrons with each other B. a bond between water molecules C. a bond between two oppositely charged ions D. a bond between two free radicals E. two atoms share outer orbit electrons with each other Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C02.01b Explain the mechanism of each type of non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds. HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding. Learning Outcome: 02.02 Section: 02.02 Topic: Chemical bondingChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-3 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 5. Ions are A. electrically neutral. B. electrically charged. C. formed by the gain or loss of protons from the nucleus. D. insoluble in water. E. nonpolar atoms. Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C01.01c Explain how ions and isotopes are produced by changing the relative number of specific subatomic particles with respect to the structure of an atom. HAPS Objective: C01.02 Compare and contrast the terms ions, electrolytes, free radicals, isotopes and radioisotopes. HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Atoms and molecules 6. When magnesium loses electrons to become an ion, what does it become? A. a covalent molecule B. a cation C. an anion D. a new element E. a free radical Bloom's: Level 2. Understand HAPS Objective: C01.01c Explain how ions and isotopes are produced by changing the relative number of specific subatomic particles with respect to the structure of an atom. HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Atoms and moleculesChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-4 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 7. If a sports beverage advertises that it replaces the body's electrolytes, what does the drink contain? A. sugars that were broken down for energy B. ionic forms of mineral elements C. lipids that form the membranes of cells D. oxygen and gases used by metabolism E. vitamins Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C01.02 Compare and contrast the terms ions, electrolytes, free radicals, isotopes and radioisotopes. HAPS Objective: Q03.01 Define electrolyte. HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds and solutions. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Atoms and molecules Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions 8. Of these major ions found in the body, which one carries a negative charge? A. Chloride B. Sodium C. Potassium D. Hydrogen E. Calcium Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C01.01c Explain how ions and isotopes are produced by changing the relative number of specific subatomic particles with respect to the structure of an atom. HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds and solutions. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Atoms and molecules Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutionsChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-5 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 9. Which describes a characteristic of free radicals? A. They rapidly oxidize other atoms by removing an electron. B. They are inert molecules that don't interact readily with other molecules. C. They contain two electrons in the outermost orbital. D. They have extra neutrons in their nuclei. E. They are found in high quantities in most sports drinks. Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C01.02 Compare and contrast the terms ions, electrolytes, free radicals, isotopes and radioisotopes. HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. Learning Outcome: 02.02 Section: 02.02 Topic: Atoms and molecules 10. Which is true about electrolytes? A. They are neutral atoms. B. They conduct electricity when dissolved in water. C. They are found in pure water. D. They have equal numbers of protons and electrons. E. They are insoluble in water. Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C01.02 Compare and contrast the terms ions, electrolytes, free radicals, isotopes and radioisotopes. HAPS Objective: Q03.01 Define electrolyte. HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds and solutions. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Atoms and molecules Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions 11. Which of the following is not true of a polar chemical bond? A. It is covalent. B. It is ionized. C. It has opposite electrical charge at each end. D. It has no net electrical charge. Bloom's: Level 2. Understand HAPS Objective: C02.01b Explain the mechanism of each type of non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds. HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding. Learning Outcome: 02.02 Section: 02.02 Topic: Chemical bondingChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-6 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 12. Which best describes a hydrolysis reaction? A. Molecules are broken down into smaller ones by breaking covalent bonds within water molecules and transferring hydrogen atoms and hydroxyl groups to the smaller ones. B. Electrically charged molecules separate into ions when they dissolve in water, and then hydrogen ions and hydroxyl groups covalently attach themselves to the oppositely charged ions. C. Large molecules are assembled from smaller ones by breaking water into hydrogen and hydroxyl ions. D. Dissolving a large molecule in water reduces it to its individual atoms. E. The breaking of hydrogen bonds between any two molecules. Bloom's: Level 2. Understand HAPS Objective: C04.03 Define and give examples of dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis reactions. HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Chemical bonding 13. Oil spilled into the ocean does not easily disperse, but rather clumps into an oil slick. Which of the following explains why this occurs? A. Oil is composed mainly of hydrophilic molecules. B. Oil is composed mainly of nonpolar molecules. C. Oil has no hydrogen in its molecular structure, so it can't form hydrogen bonds with water. D. Water is hydrophobic. E. Electrons are shared unequally between carbon and hydrogen atoms. Bloom's: Level 2. Understand HAPS Objective: C02.01c Provide biologically significant examples of each type of non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds. HAPS Objective: C03.01 Discuss the physiologically important properties of water. HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding. Learning Outcome: 02.02 Section: 02.02 Topic: Chemical bondingChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-7 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 14. Molecules that have properties of both polar and nonpolar molecules are called A. hydrophobic. B. hydrophilic. C. amphipathic. D. unipolar. E. bipolar. Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C02.01c Provide biologically significant examples of each type of non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds. HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding. HAPS Topic: Module C07 Membrane structure and function. Learning Outcome: 02.03 Section: 02.03 Topic: Chemical bonding Topic: Membrane structure and function 15. Compounds A, B, and C have molecular weights of 10, 50, and 100, respectively. If 5 grams of each compound were put into 1 liter of water, which compound will have the greatest molar concentration? A. Compound A B. Compound B C. Compound C D. All will have the same molar concentration. Bloom's: Level 2. Understand HAPS Objective: C08.01b Describe the mechanism by which movement of material occurs in each membrane transport process – simple diffusion, facilitated diffusion, osmosis, active transport, exocytosis, endocytosis, phagocytosis, pinocytosis, and filtration. HAPS Topic: Module C08 Mechanisms for movement of materials across cell membranes. Learning Outcome: 02.03 Section: 02.03 Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutionsChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-8 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 16. The pH of a solution A. is a measure of the concentration of hydrogen atoms in the solution. B. is a measure of the concentration of hydrogen ions bound to other molecules in the solution. C. is a measure of the concentration of free hydrogen ions in the solution. D. increases as the acidity of the solution increases. E. increases as the free hydrogen ion concentration in the solution increases. Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C03.04 Define the terms pH, acid, base, and buffer and give examples of physiological significance. HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds and solutions. Learning Outcome: 02.03 Section: 02.03 Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions 17. Most of the body weight of an average young adult male is what substance? A. Water B. Protein C. Minerals D. Lipids E. Carbohydrates Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: Q02.01 Describe the fluid compartments (including the subdivisions of the extracellular fluid) and state the relative volumes of each. HAPS Topic: Module Q02 Description of the major fluid compartments. Learning Outcome: 02.03 Section: 02.03 18. Which is true about the composition of organic molecules? A. They always contain oxygen. B. They always contain carbon. C. They are always macromolecules. D. They never contain hydrogen. E. They never contain oxygen. Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.01 Define the term organic molecule. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compoundsChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-9 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 19. Carbohydrates: A. have carbon and oxygen atoms in equal proportions. B. are the major organic molecules of the body by mass. C. are nonpolar molecules. D. are defined by the inclusion of nitrogen in their structure. E. are composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms. Bloom's: Level 2. Understand HAPS Objective: C04.04b Compare and contrast general molecular structure of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compounds 20. Which chemical group does glucose best fit into? A. monosaccharides B. disaccharides C. polysaccharides D. glycoproteins E. phospholipids Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.04c Provide specific examples of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 21. Carbohydrates are stored in the liver and muscles in the form of A. cellulose. B. starch. C. triacylglycerol. D. glycogen. E. protein. Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.04c Provide specific examples of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. HAPS Objective: C04.04e Discuss physiological and structural roles in the human body of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compoundsChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-10 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 22. What are the two main atoms in lipids, and what type of bonds connect them? A. carbon and oxygen, connected by covalent bonds. B. carbon and hydrogen, connected by covalent bonds C. carbon and hydrogen, connected by ionic bonds D. carbon and hydrogen, connected by hydrogen bonds E. oxygen and hydrogen, connected by hydrogen bonds Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.04b Compare and contrast general molecular structure of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compounds 23. Eicosanoids are an important class of regulatory molecules; what chemical class do they belong to? A. steroids B. proteins C. carbohydrates D. fatty acids E. amino acids Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.04e Discuss physiological and structural roles in the human body of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compoundsChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-11 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 24. Which statement is FALSE with regard to proteins? A. Their roles in the body include acting as enzymes, providing structural support, and signaling between cells. B. They make up a greater percentage of body mass than carbohydrates do. C. They are composed of nucleic acids. D. They are macromolecules with subunits linked by polypeptide bonds. E. They are polymers made up of amino acids. Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.04b Compare and contrast general molecular structure of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compounds 25. What best describes the main determinant of the secondary structure of a protein? A. the sequence of the various amino acids that make up a polypeptide chain B. the total number of amino acids that make up a polypeptide chain, and its overall resulting length C. the total number of polypeptide chains that combine to determine the overall size of the protein D. molecular interactions between widely separated regions of a polypeptide, such as disulfide bonds, that stabilize the folded conformation E. molecular interactions along a polypeptide chain that fold various regions into alpha helices or beta sheets Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.05 Describe the four levels of protein structure and discuss the importance of protein shape for protein function. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compoundsChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-12 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 26. Which of the following is NOT a type of molecular interaction that determines the tertiary structure of a protein? A. covalent bonds between purines and pyrimidine bases B. ionic bonds C. Van der Waals forces D. covalent bonds between two cysteine amino acids E. hydrogen bonds Bloom's: Level 2. Understand HAPS Objective: C04.04b Compare and contrast general molecular structure of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. HAPS Objective: C04.05 Describe the four levels of protein structure and discuss the importance of protein shape for protein function. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compounds 27. What is the term describing the covalent bond formed between two amino acids? A. Glycosidic bond B. Peptide bond C. Phosphodiester bond D. Ester bond E. Hydrolytic bond Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.04b Compare and contrast general molecular structure of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compoundsChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-13 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 28. Which is a correct description of nucleic acids? A. They are polymers of subunits containing glucose an an amino acids. B. They are polymers of subunits containing glucose, a phosphate group, and an amino acid. C. They are polymers of subunits containing a phosphate group, a sugar, and a purine or pyrimidine base. D. They are polymers of subunits containing a phosphate group, a sugar, and an amino acid. E. They are long polymers of amino acids, folded into an alpha helix. Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.04b Compare and contrast general molecular structure of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA 29. Which best describes the main role of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)? A. It is an amino acid that is part of polypeptide chains that serve structural functions within cells. B. It is a nucleotide that makes up the backbone of DNA and RNA molecules, that harbor the genetic code. C. It is a carbohydrate molecule that can be stored in large quantities in the liver to energize cellular processes. D. It is a purine derivative created from the breakdown of fuel molecules, that transfers energy for cellular processes. E. It is a waste product of aerobic metabolism that is excreted from the body by the kidneys. Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C05.01 Describe the generalized reversible reaction for release of energy from ATP and explain the role of ATP in the cell. HAPS Topic: Module C05 Energy transfer using ATP. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Energy transfer using ATPChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-14 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. True / False Questions 30. An atom is electrically neutral. TRUE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C01.01a Describe the charge, mass, and relative location of electrons, protons and neutrons with respect to the structure of an atom. HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Atoms and molecules 31. The mass of an atom is the sum of its protons and electrons. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C01.01a Describe the charge, mass, and relative location of electrons, protons and neutrons with respect to the structure of an atom. HAPS Objective: C01.01d Distinguish among the terms atomic number, mass number and atomic weight with respect to the structure of an atom. HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Atoms and molecules 32. The atomic number of an element is given by the number of electrons in the atom. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C01.01d Distinguish among the terms atomic number, mass number and atomic weight with respect to the structure of an atom. HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Atoms and moleculesChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-15 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 33. An atomic nucleus is electrically neutral. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C01.01a Describe the charge, mass, and relative location of electrons, protons and neutrons with respect to the structure of an atom. HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Atoms and molecules 34. Protons and neutrons have roughly the same mass. TRUE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C01.01a Describe the charge, mass, and relative location of electrons, protons and neutrons with respect to the structure of an atom. HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Atoms and molecules 35. The atomic number of an element refers to the number of particles in its atomic nucleus. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C01.01a Describe the charge, mass, and relative location of electrons, protons and neutrons with respect to the structure of an atom. HAPS Objective: C01.01d Distinguish among the terms atomic number, mass number and atomic weight with respect to the structure of an atom. HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Atoms and moleculesChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-16 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 36. Twelve grams of C contain the same number of atoms as one gram of H. TRUE Bloom's: Level 2. Understand HAPS Objective: C01.01a Describe the charge, mass, and relative location of electrons, protons and neutrons with respect to the structure of an atom. HAPS Objective: C01.01d Distinguish among the terms atomic number, mass number and atomic weight with respect to the structure of an atom. HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Atoms and molecules 37. The four most common elements in the body are hydrogen, carbon, calcium, and oxygen. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Atoms and molecules 38. Important mineral elements in the body include Na, Ca, and K. TRUE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: Q03.02 Compare and contrast the relative concentrations of major electrolytes in intracellular and extracellular fluids. HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions 39. Trace elements such as zinc and manganese are found in minute quantities in the body but do not serve any known function. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds and solutions. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutionsChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-17 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 40. The number of covalent bonds that can be formed by a given atom depends upon the number of electrons present in the outermost orbit. TRUE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C01.01b Relate the number of electrons in an electron shell to an atoms chemical stability and its ability to form chemical bonds with respect to the structure of an atom. HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Learning Outcome: 02.02 Section: 02.01 Section: 02.02 Topic: Chemical bonding 41. Nitrogen atoms can form a maximum of four covalent bonds with other atoms. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C02.01b Explain the mechanism of each type of non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds. HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Learning Outcome: 02.02 Section: 02.01 Section: 02.02 Topic: Chemical bonding 42. The shape of a molecule may change as atoms rotate about their covalent bonds. TRUE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C02.01b Explain the mechanism of each type of non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds. HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding. Learning Outcome: 02.02 Section: 02.02 Topic: Chemical bondingChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-18 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 43. All of the physiologically important atoms of the body readily form ions. FALSE Bloom's: Level 2. Understand HAPS Objective: C02.01c Provide biologically significant examples of each type of non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds. HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms and molecules. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Section: 02.01 Topic: Atoms and molecules 44. Water molecules can form covalent bonds with other water molecules. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C02.01c Provide biologically significant examples of each type of non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds. HAPS Objective: C03.01 Discuss the physiologically important properties of water. HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding. Learning Outcome: 02.02 Section: 02.02 Topic: Chemical bonding 45. In a molecule of water, an oxygen atom forms a double bond with each of two hydrogen atoms. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C03.01 Discuss the physiologically important properties of water. HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding. Learning Outcome: 02.02 Section: 02.02 Topic: Chemical bondingChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-19 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 46. The carboxyl ion is an anion. TRUE Bloom's: Level 2. Understand HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.01 Learning Outcome: 02.02 Section: 02.01 Section: 02.02 Topic: Organic compounds 47. NaCl is a molecule formed by the covalent bonding of a sodium atom to a chlorine atom. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C02.01b Explain the mechanism of each type of non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds. HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding. Learning Outcome: 02.02 Section: 02.02 Topic: Chemical bonding 48. All covalent bonds are polar. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C02.01b Explain the mechanism of each type of non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds. HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding. Learning Outcome: 02.02 Section: 02.02 Topic: Chemical bonding 49. During hydrolysis, hydrogen ions and hydroxyl groups are formed. TRUE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.03 Define and give examples of dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis reactions. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.03 Section: 02.03 Topic: Organic compoundsChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-20 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 50. In general, polar molecules will dissolve in polar solvents, while nonpolar molecules cannot. TRUE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C03.01 Discuss the physiologically important properties of water. HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding. Learning Outcome: 02.03 Section: 02.03 Topic: Chemical bonding 51. Solutes that do not dissolve in water are called hydrophilic. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C02.01c Provide biologically significant examples of each type of non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds. HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds and solutions. Learning Outcome: 02.03 Section: 02.03 Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions 52. Molecules with both polar and nonpolar regions are called ambidextrous. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C02.01c Provide biologically significant examples of each type of non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds. Learning Outcome: 02.03 Section: 02.03 53. The molarity of a solution is a measure of the concentration of the solute. TRUE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C03.02 Distinguish among the terms solution, solute, solvent, colloid suspension, and emulsion. HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds and solutions. Learning Outcome: 02.03 Section: 02.03 Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutionsChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-21 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 54. A solution with a pH of 8 is more acidic than one with a pH of 3. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C03.05 State acidic, neutral, and alkaline pH values. HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds and solutions. Learning Outcome: 02.03 Section: 02.03 Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions 55. Organic chemistry is the study of oxygen-containing compounds. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.01 Define the term organic molecule. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compounds 56. When multiple repeating simple sugar molecules combine to form a larger molecule, it is called a polysaccharide. TRUE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.04b Compare and contrast general molecular structure of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compounds 57. Sucrose is called "blood sugar" because it is the most abundant carbohydrate in the blood. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.04e Discuss physiological and structural roles in the human body of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. HAPS Topic: Module Q03 Chemical composition of the major compartment fluids. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compoundsChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-22 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 58. Triacylglycerol is one subclass of lipid molecules. TRUE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.04c Provide specific examples of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compounds 59. Saturated fats contain carbon atoms linked by double bonds. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.04b Compare and contrast general molecular structure of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. HAPS Objective: C04.04c Provide specific examples of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compounds 60. Cholesterol is a phospholipid. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.04c Provide specific examples of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compounds 61. Glycoproteins are protein molecules with molecules of glycogen attached to the amino acid side chains. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.04c Provide specific examples of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compoundsChapter 02 - Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology 2-23 Copyright © 2017 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. 62. The sequence of amino acids in a protein is known as the secondary structure. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.05 Describe the four levels of protein structure and discuss the importance of protein shape for protein function. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compounds 63. A protein may consist of more than one polypeptide chain. TRUE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.05 Describe the four levels of protein structure and discuss the importance of protein shape for protein function. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compounds 64. Substitution of one amino acid for a different one in a given protein always significantly alters the conformation of that protein. FALSE Bloom's: Level 2. Understand HAPS Objective: C04.05 Describe the four levels of protein structure and discuss the importance of protein shape for protein function. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Organic compounds 65. In DNA, thymine binds with adenine and cytosine binds with uracil. FALSE Bloom's: Level 1. Remember HAPS Objective: C04.04a Identify the monomers and polymers of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. HAPS Objective: C04.04c Provide specific examples of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds. Learning Outcome: 02.04 Section: 02.04 Topic: Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA

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