Chapter 25: The Child with Renal Dysfunction - $7.49   Add to cart

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Exam (elaborations)

Chapter 25: The Child with Renal Dysfunction

MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Urinary tract anomalies are frequently associated with what irregularities in fetal development? a. Myelomeningocele b. Cardiovascular anomalies c. Malformed or low-set ears d. Defects in lower extremities ANS: C Although unexplained, there is a frequent association between malformed or low-set ears and urinary tract anomalies. During the newborn examination, the nurse should have a high suspicion about urinary tract structure and function if ear anomalies are present. Children who have myelomeningocele may have impaired urinary tract function secondary to the neural defect. When other congenital defects are present, there is an increased likelihood of other issues with other body systems. Cardiac and extremity defects do not have a strong association with renal anomalies.DIF: Cognitive Level: Understanding REF: p. 1000 TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment MSC: Client Needs: Physiological Integrity 2. What urine test result is considered abnormal? a. pH 4.0 b. WBC 1 or 2 cells/ml c. Protein level absent d. Specific gravity 1.020 ANS: A The expected pH ranges from 4.8 to 7.8. A pH of 4.0 can be indicative of urinary tract infection or metabolic alkalosis or acidosis. Less than 1 or 2 white blood cells per milliliter is the expected range. The absence of protein is expected. The presence of protein can be indicative of glomerular disease. A specific gravity of 1.020 is within the anticipated range of 1.001 to 1.030. Specific gravity reflects level of hydration in addition to renal disorders and hormonal control such as antidiuretic hormone. DIF: Cognitive Level: Analyzing REF: p. 1002 TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment MSC: Client Needs: Physiological Integrity

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