CRIMINAL J CCJ Chapter 7 - Issues in Policing - $15.49   Add to cart

Exam (elaborations)

CRIMINAL J CCJ Chapter 7 - Issues in Policing

1. According to research, which of the following is not a benefit associated with higher education for police officers? a. They behave more professionally. b. Fewer citizen complaints are generated. c. Crime-fighting ability is enhanced. d. They have greater self-confidence. ANSWER: c REFERENCES: Who are the Police? LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.1 - Know the benefits likely to accrue from higher education for police. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 2. Which term describes the experience of black officers who must deal with the expectation that they will show lenience to members of their own race, while at the same time experiencing overt racism from their police colleagues? a. The black curtain b. Double marginality c. Ethnic role strain d. Toxic race relations ANSWER: b REFERENCES: Who Are the Police? LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.2 - Describe how the role of women and minorities in local police agencies has evolved over time. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 3. Which statement is false regarding minorities in policing? a. White officers were historically very prejudiced, and as late as the 1950s, some refused to ride with African Americans in patrol cars. b. The first African American was hired as a police officer in 1931. c. Current research reveals the higher the percentage of black officers on the force, the higher the arrest rate for crimes such as assault. d. Minority officers report more stress than whites when they consider themselves “tokens” and feel marginalized within the department. ANSWER: b REFERENCES: Who Are the Police? LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.2 - Describe how the role of women and minorities in local police agencies has evolved over time. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 4. Which of the following statements about female officers is false? a. Female officers are less likely than male officers to be charged with improper conduct. b. Female officer recruits are more likely to fail the entrance physical exam than male officer recruits. c. Female officers tend to receive harsher punishments than male officers if cited for disciplinary action. d. Female officers are less likely than male officers to receive support from the community. ANSWER: d REFERENCES: Who Are the Police? LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.2 - Describe how the role of women and minorities in local police agencies has evolved over time. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 5. The term blue curtain describes: a. Police reluctance to express personal feelings to each other. b. The police practice of shrouding the windows and doors of the briefing room with a blue curtain when confidential information is disseminated. c. The secrecy and insulation from others in society that is a consequence of the police subculture. d. The cloth used to drape the coffins of slain police officers. ANSWER: c REFERENCES: The Police Profession LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.3 - Explain the concept of a police culture. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 6. Which is not one of the six core beliefs at the heart of the police culture? a. Loyalty to colleagues counts above all else. b. The war against crime cannot be won without bending the rules. c. No one else understands the nature of police work. d. Patrol work gives officers the chance to be heroes in the eyes of the public. ANSWER: d REFERENCES: The Police Profession LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.3 - Explain the concept of a police culture. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 7. An officer who approaches a group of teenagers drinking beer, checks everyone’s IDs, and arrests everyone who is underage would typify which style of policing? a. Crime fighter b. Social agent c. Law enforcer d. Watchman ANSWER: c REFERENCES: The Police Profession LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.5 - Recognize the different types of police officer styles. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 8. An officer who approaches a group of teenagers standing in a parking lot, checks them for gang symbols, and calls in to the station to ascertain whether any of them have active warrants and arresting those with a warrant, exemplifies which style of policing? a. Crime fighter b. Social agent c. Law enforcer d. Watchman ANSWER: a REFERENCES: The Police Profession LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.5 - Recognize the different types of police officer styles. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 9. Which police style is associated with the preference to ignore issues of concern or treat them informally, unless the social or political order is being jeopardized? a. Crime fighter b. Social agent c. Law enforcer d. Watchman ANSWER: d REFERENCES: The Police Profession LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.5 - Recognize the different types of police officer styles. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 10. Which style of policing involves the least amount of discretion? a. Crime fighter b. Social agent c. Law enforcer d. Watchman ANSWER: c REFERENCES: The Police Profession LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.5 - Recognize the different types of police officer styles. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 11. Which of the following is an example of an impact munition? a. Tasers b. Rubber bullets c. Pepper spray d. Handcuffs ANSWER: b REFERENCES: Use of Force LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.10 - Knowthe leading types of less-lethal weapons. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 12. The overload hypothesis suggests that community crime rates may shape officer discretion. Which type of factor is this? a. Environmental b. Victim c. Crime d. Peer ANSWER: a REFERENCES: Police Discretion LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.6 - Understand the factors that influence police discretion. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 13. Which of the following is false regarding suspect behavior and characteristics? a. Suspects who physically resist the police are more likely to receive some form of physical coercion in return. b. Suspects who offer verbal disrespect are as likely as suspects who physically resist to be met with physical force by police. c. Women are less likely to be arrested than men. d. A negative suspect demeanor is more likely to result in formal police action. ANSWER: b REFERENCES: Police Discretion LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.6 - Understand the factors that influence police discretion. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 14. Which pattern does research reveal regarding officers’ involvement in use-of-force incidents? a. Use-of-force incidents are almost always racially motivated. b. A small portion of officers account for a sizable portion of the abuses. c. Problem officers tend to be senior officers who are confident that their abuses will go unpunished. d. The most significant factor in controlling police brutality is the threat of criminal action. ANSWER: b REFERENCES: Problems of Policing LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.8 - Distinguish between brutality and corruption. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 15. Which of the following is false regarding corruption? a. Meat eaters aggressively misuse police power for personal gain by demanding bribes, threatening legal action, or cooperating with criminals. b. The Knapp Commission was a public body set up in the 1970s to investigate the New York City police. c. Grass eaters accept payoffs when their everyday duties place them in a position to be solicited by the public. d. In a general sense, police corruption involves misuse of authority by police officers in a manner designed to produce gain for the law enforcement community and prestige for the department. ANSWER: d REFERENCES: Problems of Policing LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.8 - Distinguish between brutality and corruption. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 16. Which U.S. Supreme Court case deemed the use of deadly force against an unarmed and nondangerous fleeing felon to be an illegal seizure under the Fourth Amendment? a. Tennessee v. Garner b. Graham v. Conner c. Gregg v. Georgia d. U.S. v. Weeks ANSWER: a REFERENCES: Use of Force LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.9 - Know the difference between deadly and non-deadly force. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 17. Which of the following is true regarding police use of force? a. Minority groups’ members are more likely to disapprove of the police use of force than majority group members. b. African Americans and Hispanics were more likely than white to experience police threat or use of force as a consequence of police contact. c. The suspect’s behavior is a much more powerful determinant of police response, than age or race. d. All of the statements are true regarding police use of force. ANSWER: d REFERENCES: Use of Force LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.9 - Know the difference between deadly and non-deadly force. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 18. Which of the following is not one of the four major categories of police corruption? a. External corruption b. Selective enforcement or nonenforcement c. Active criminality d. Bribery and extortion ANSWER: a REFERENCES: Problems of Policing LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.8 - Distinguish between brutality and corruption. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 19. Which of the following is not a factor identified in the text as related to police shootings? a. Local and national levels of violence b. Police workload c. The threat hypothesis d. All of these are factors related to police shootings ANSWER: d REFERENCES: Use of Force LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.9 - Know the difference between deadly and non-deadly force. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember 20. With whom do African American women police officers report having difficult relationships? a. African American women police officers b. African American male police officers c. White male police officers d. Hispanic women police officers ANSWER: b REFERENCES: Who Are the Police? LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ITCJ.SIWO.16.7.2 - Describe how the role of women and minorities in local police agencies has evolved over time. KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Remember

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