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Provide First Aid – Theory Assessment Marking Key ASSESSOR ONLY THEORY ASSESSMENT WITH ANSWERS

Provide First Aid – Theory Assessment Marking Key ASSESSOR ONLY THEORY ASSESSMENT WITH ANSWERS 1. Four ways you would recognise an emergency are: • Sight, small sound and unusual behaviour. • Sight, smell, feel and unusual behaviour. • Sense, touch, sound and sight. • Taste, unusual behaviour, smell and feel. 2. After you have identified and assessed a hazard, you can minimise the hazards using the hierarchy of control. • The first level of control is Eliminate. • The second level of control is Substitute. • The third level of control is Engineer. • The fourth level of control is Administration. • The fifth level of control is PPE 3. Which one of the following would you commence CPR on? • A person who is suffering a suspected heart attack. • A child having an asthma attack. • An unconscious, not breathing person. • An un conscious, breathing person. 4. An ambulance should be called • depending on the situation and condition of the casualty. • as soon as you come across a casualty. • after checking airway. • after 5 mins of cpr. 5. Four ways to show respectful behaviour towards a casualty include being culturally aware, communicating effectively, aware of potential impairments and being sensitive. TRUE FALSE 6. Three people that you can discuss a casualties personal information or medical information with during or after an incident include • Ambulance officer / Paramedic. • Friend. • Nurse / Doctor at the hospital. • Co worker. • Another first aider on scene 7. Select the four items or precautions that should be used to minimise the risk of infection to you and the casualty. • Gloves. • Sun screen. • Moisturiser. • Washing hands before and after. • Reusing equipment. • Wearing safety glasses. • Using a face mask during CPR. 8. Most industries require employees to hold a “current” Provide First Aid (HLTAID003) qualification. How often must a re-qualification be undertaken for this qualification to be current? • Every year. • Every two years. • Every three years. • Never. 9. Four possible psychological impacts you might see in a first aider after a critical incident may include: • Helplessness. • Fear. • Guilt. • Anxiety. • Hunger. • Energetic. 10. You have a duty of care to help an injured person in the street if you hold a first aid certificate. TRUE FALSE 11. You are a designated first aid officer in your workplace, and hold a duty of care to your co- workers, are you required to provide first aid if asked? TRUE FALSE 12. Based on your own skills and limitations, once you have received your qualification you can: • Perform a tracheotomy. • Become a Doctor. • Do what you want in a first aid situation. • Stay within your training and do what is reasonable within the given situation. 13. Before administering any first aid to a conscious casualty, you must first gain their Consent. 14. Below are three reasons why debriefing after an incident is important. Match them to its correct reason why it’s important. 1 Review of incident. 2 Allows people to talk about their feelings they experienced at the time. 2 Identifies those that may not be dealing with the incident very well. 1 Gives people involved the time and permission to review the incident and express their own point of view. 3 Investigation. 3 To improve future responses and reduce workplace hazards. 15. The most common cause of an airway obstruction in an unconscious casualty is their tongue. 16. Match the following to the correct answer 1 The priority care for a casualty found UNCONSCIOUS, on their BACK and is BREATHING is 4 Unresponsive. 2 A conscious casualty can be described as 2 Alert, responsive to questions and provides accurate answers. 3 A semi-conscious casualty can be described as 1 Place them on their side and monitor their ABC 4 An unconscious casualty can be described as 3 Altered conscious state and provides inappropriate or confused answers to questions. 17. Four situations where you may legally stop CPR once you have started include • They recover / Start breathing. • Physically unable to continue. • Continuing will place you in Danger. • An ambulance officer / paramedic instructs you to stop. 18. Complete the following resuscitation chart Adults & Children Infants Head Tilt Full None / Neutral Hand Placement Centre of chest Centre of chest Ratio 30 : 2 30 : 2 Compression Depth 1/3 of Chest Depth 1/3 of Chest Depth Technique 2 hands 2 Fingers Breaths 2 breaths Puffs 19. Only trained health professionals are allowed to use an Automated External Defibrillator (AED)? TRUE FALSE 20. Place a circle in the correct position on the picture for adult defibrillator pad placements. 21. Place a circle in the correct position on the picture for paediatric defibrillator pad placements. 22. The voltage of an adult defibrillator (AED) is 150 joules. The voltage of an pediatric defibrillator (AED) is 50 joules. 23. The location point for compression’s is • Above the centre of the chest. • Directly over the heart. • The centre of the chest. • The bottom of the rib cage. 24. How often in minutes is it recommended to swap with someone else, if available during CPR to reduce fatigue and ensure adequate compressions?  1  2  3  4  5 25. Can you use an AED on a wet surface, metal surface and pregnant women? TRUE FALSE 26. Is the following picture correct for the chain of survival? TRUE FALSE 27. Indicate what sounds “normal breathing” comprises of. • Slow • Wheezing • Gurgling • Harsh • Shrill • Quiet • Even • Effortless • Regular • Rapid • Absence of breathing • Shallow • High pitched 28. A conscious person who is experiencing breathing difficulties should be placed into a sitting position. 29. An allergic reaction is Generally localised and may be associated with pain, swelling, a rash or hives. An anaphylactic reaction is Is a life threatening emergency that involves swelling of the airway / tongue and is associated with difficulty breathing. 30. The basic principle for bleeding control is Pressure & Rest For a minor wound such as an abrasion such as this the treatment would be Clean with soapy water / iodine, cover with a non stick dressing & seek medical attention if required. Bleeding from a vein or an artery should be dealt with initially by • Direct pressure, rest and if uncontrollable bleed call 000 • Call nothing and call 000 • Use a tourniquet 31. Chest pain may be associated to angina or a heart attack. The general principle for the management of a casualty suffering chest pain would be: 1. Rest & reassurance 2. Ask if they have any prescribed medication that you can get for them. 3. Call 000 4. Position the casualty in a position of comfort (usually sitting) Name of document: PFA032 – ASESSOR ONLY - Theory Assessment With Answers – Provide First Aid Version Number: 1.0 Location: Standard 1 Reviewed:22nd August 2017 Next review due: August 2018 RTO Number: 0854 Written by: RLSSWA - MM Page 8 of 14 TRUE FALSE 32. The treatment for a casualty with a complete airway blockage is to • Encourage coughing for 1-2 mins. • Place in the recovery position and monitor. • Call 000, give 5 back blows then 5 chest thrusts. • Call 000, give 5 chest thrusts then 5 back blows. 33. The correct initial procedure for dealing with someone suffering an asthma attack is: Place in a position of comfort (usually sitting), if they are unable to, assist them with their reliever. Instruct them to take 1 puff of their Ventolin, then take 4 breaths. Repeat this 4 times, wait 4 mins and see if there is any improvement in their condition. 34. The correct treatment for shock is: 1. Follow basic life support. 2. Treat the cause. 3. Call 000 if required. 4. Place in a position of comfort. 35. Identification of a casualty suffering a suspected stroke can be summarised as F.A.S.T. F.A.S.T. stands for Face, Arm, Speech, Time Treatment for a stroke consists of 1. If conscious sit casualty upright. 2. 000. 3. Monitor ABC. 4. Treat any injuries. 5. Talk and reassure. 36. The correct treatment for a casualty who has an embedded object in their abdomen is • Primary survey, do not remove object, lay casualty down, pad around object, reassure, keep warm. • Primary survey, do not remove object, have casualty sit in a chair, pad around object, reassure, keep warm. • Primary survey, do not remove object, have casualty walk to shade or first aid room, pad around object, reassure, keep warm. 37. The correct treatment for burns is: Cool the area with running water for a minimum of 20 minutes and apply a sterile non stick dressing. 38. Poisons can enter the body through absorption, inhalation, injection or ingestion. TRUE FALSE 39. Employees must take reasonable care to protect themselves and others in the workplace. TRUE FALSE 40. The correct treatment for a casualty suffering hyperventilation is rest and reassurance, instruct to try and lower breathing rate, remove from cause and call 000 if condition worsens. TRUE FALSE 41. A casualty has been bitten by a snake. The correct treatment is: • Using compression bandages at least 10-15cm wide, bandage the entire limb, immobilise the limb. • Using compression bandages at least 10-15cm wide, bandage the extremity towards the torso, immobilise the limb. • Suck the poison out using a commercially available sucker. • Cut the skin around the bite site and encouraging bleeding. 42. A casualty suffering from heat exhaustion needs • Fluids in small amounts to prevent dehydration. • A massage to prevent muscle cramps. • An ambulance immediately. • Salt tablets. 43. Hypothermia is a serious medical condition that occurs when the body temperature falls below 35 degrees. Hyperthermia is a serious medical condition that occurs when the body temperature rises above 40 degrees. The correct treatment for someone who is in hypothermia is: 1. Move to a dry place. 2. Remove all wet clothing and replace with dry clothing. 44. You come across a casualty who is having a seizure, the correct treatment is to immediately restrain them as to protect them from further injury. TRUE 45. The correct order of treatment for someone who has suffered a minor soft tissue injury is: Referral – Ice – Compression – Elevation – Rest TRUE FALSE 46. You come across a casualty who has suffered a crush injury over their abdomen. It is a tree branch that you can safely lift and move yourself. You should: • Leave it and call an ambulance. • Leave it and have them wiggle free. • Remove it as soon as possible. 47. The correct treatment for a head injury that results in blood coming from their left ear is to place a wound dressing lightly over their left ear, and have them if required lay injured side down. TRUE FALSE 48. You have a casualty that has a penetrating eye injury. The correct treatment would be: • Pull it out and cover the eye. • Leave it in and have them sit up. • Do nothing, eyes heal fast. • Leave it in, bandage around the object, 000, lay them down with head tilted slightly up. 49. The correct treatment for a needle stick injury is to wash the site with warm soapy water, apply an antiseptic and dressing, seek medical aid as soon ass possible. TRUE FALSE 50. A casualty has dislocated their shoulder, they ask you to pop it back in. You are able to do this: TRUE FALSE 51. Three types of fractures include: • Open, closed and complicated • Dislocated, open and closed The general principle for their treatment is 1. Control any bleeding. 2. Splint / immobilise. 3. Support / sling. 52. A febrile convulsion is caused by: Extreme body temperatures, generally seen in children up to the age of 6. A seizure is generally caused by Excessive and abnormal brain activity. 53. What is the treatment for a responsive casualty suffering from hypoglycaemia? • Give them nothing. • Monitor their condition. • Give them their insulin. • Give them something sugary and seek medical assistance. 54. Drowning is a process that has the results in either a fatality or a non-fatality drowning. Drowning is defined as a breathing impairment due to immersion in a liquid. Common signs and symptoms of someone that has suffered a non-fatal drowning include: • Shortness of breath. • Breathing difficulties. • Altered conscious state. • Unconsciousness. • Discolouration of skin. • Vomiting / regurgitation. TRUE FALSE 55. A secondary survey is a systematic head to toe check looking for other injuries. During this process the first aider should be feeling for deformities, looking for blood and asking questions. TRUE FALSE ----------------------------------------------END OF EXAM---------------------------------------------- Assessor use only 1st attempt / 55 2nd attempt / 55 3rd attempt / 55 The participant named on the front of this document has been deemed Competent / Not Yet Competent For the knowledge based evidence for the UoC HLTAID003 Assessor Initials: Date: / /

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