NR 283 Pathophysiology Quiz 1 / NR283 Quiz 1(Latest): Chamberlain (Already graded A) - $8.49   Add to cart

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NR 283 Pathophysiology Quiz 1 / NR283 Quiz 1(Latest): Chamberlain (Already graded A)

NR 283 Pathophysiology Quiz 1 / NR283 Quiz 1(Latest): Chamberlain Chamberlain NR 283 Quiz 1/ Chamberlain NR283 Pathophysiology Quiz 1 1. Pathophysiology involves the study of: a. the structure of the human body. b. the functions of various organs in the body. c. functional or structural changes resulting from disease processes. d. various cell structures and related functions. 2. The number of new and old or existing cases in a specific population within a specified time period is called: a. prevalence. b. occurrence. c. incidence. d. abstinence. 3. The term prognosis refers to the: a. period of recovery and return to a normal state. b. expected outcome of the disease. c. mortality and morbidity rates for a given population. d. typical collection of signs and symptoms. 4. The manifestations of a disease are best defined as the: a. subjective feelings of discomfort during a chronic illness. b. signs and symptoms of a disease. c. factors that precipitate an acute episode of a chronic illness. d. early indicators of the prodromal stage of infection. 5. A short-term illness that develops very quickly with perhaps a high fever or severe pain is called: a. latent. b. chronic. c. manifestation. d. acute. 6. A situation when there is a higher than expected number of cases of an infectious disease within a given area is called a/an: a. epidemic. b. exacerbation. c. morbidity. d. pandemic. 7. A deficit of oxygen in the cells usually due to respiratory or circulatory problems is called: a. apoptosis. b. ischemia. c. hypertrophy. d. necrosis. 8. Which of the following is the best definition of epidemiology? a. The science of tracking the occurrence and distribution of diseases b. The relative number of deaths resulting from a particular disease c. Identification of a specific disease through evaluation of signs and symptoms d. The global search for emerging diseases 9. A change in a tissue marked by cells that vary in size and shape and show increased mitotic figures (proliferation) would be called: a. metaplasia. b. atrophy. c. dysplasia. d. hypertrophy. 10. Which of the following is usually included in a medical history? 1. Past illnesses or surgeries 2. Current illnesses, acute and chronic 3. Prescribed medication or other treatments 4. Nonprescription drugs and herbal remedies 5. Current allergies a. 1, 3 b. 2, 4, 5 c. 1, 3, 4 d. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 11. When the hydrostatic pressure of the blood is elevated above normal, water would shift from the: a. blood into the interstitial compartment. b. interstitial compartment into the cells. c. interstitial compartment into the blood. d. cells into the interstitial compartment. 12. The control center for thirst is located in the: a. kidneys. b. thalamus. c. medulla. d. hypothalamus. 13. In the blood and extracellular fluids, hypernatremia refers to: a. a deficient sodium level. b. an excess phosphate level. c. an excess sodium level. d. an excessively low phosphate level. 14. Hypocalcemia causes weak cardiac contractions because: a. permeability of nerve membranes increases. b. insufficient calcium ions are available for muscle contraction. c. low phosphate ion levels prevent muscle contraction. d. excessive amounts of calcium are stored in cardiac muscle. 15. Which of the following is a common cause of hyponatremia? a. Excessive sweating b. Excessive aldosterone secretion c. Prolonged period of rapid, deep respirations d. Loss of the thirst mechanism 16. Which of the following would cause edema? a. Decreased capillary hydrostatic pressure b. Increased capillary osmotic pressure c. Decreased capillary permeability d. Increased capillary permeability 17. Increased milk and/or antacid intake can contribute to development of “milk-alkali syndrome,” which can cause which of the following? a. Hyponatremia b. Hyperkalemia c. Hypercalcemia d. Hypovolemia 18. Hypokalemia refers to a condition in which the serum has a very low level of which ion? a. Sodium b. Phosphate c. Calcium d. Potassium 19. Which of the following would result from a deficit of plasma proteins? a. Increased osmotic pressure b. Decreased osmotic pressure c. Increased hydrostatic pressure d. Decreased hydrostatic pressure 20. Which of the following terms refers to a combination of decreased circulating blood volume combined with excess fluid in a body cavity? a. Third-spacing b. Hypovolemia c. Water retention d. Dehydration

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