Sophia Milestone Adult Nursing (NUR 105) Med Surg test Latest Verified Questions and all Correct Answers with Explanations Chapter 71: Management of Patients with Infectious Diseases - $12.98   Add to cart

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Sophia Milestone Adult Nursing (NUR 105) Med Surg test Latest Verified Questions and all Correct Answers with Explanations Chapter 71: Management of Patients with Infectious Diseases

Sophia Milestone Adult Nursing (NUR 105) Med Surg test Latest Verified Questions and all Correct Answers with Explanations Chapter 71: Management of Patients with Infectious Diseases Sophia Milestone Adult Nursing (NUR 105) Med Surg test Latest Verified Questions and all Correct Answers with Explanations Chapter 71: Management of Patients with Infectious Diseases 1. A male patient comes to the clinic and is diagnosed with gonorrhea. Which symptom most likely prompted him to seek medical attention? 2. A nurse is caring for a child who was admitted to the pediatric unit with infectious diarrhea. The nurse should be alert to what assessment finding as an indicator of dehydration? 3. A nursing home patient has been diagnosed with Clostridium difficile. What type of precautions should the nurse implement to prevent the spread of this infectious disease to other residents? 4. A nurse who provides care in a busy ED is in contact with hundreds of patients each year. The nurse has a responsibility to receive what vaccine? 5. When a disease infects a host a portal of entry is needed for an organism to gain access. What has been identified as the portal of entry for tuberculosis? 6. A patient has a concentration of S. aureus located on his skin. The patient is not showing signs of increased temperature, redness, or pain at the site. The nurse is aware that this is a sign of a microorganism at which of the following stages? 7. An infectious outbreak of unknown origin has occurred in a long-term care facility. The nurse who oversees care at the facility should report the outbreak to what organization? 8. The infectious control nurse is presenting a program on West Nile virus for a local community group. To reduce the incidence of this disease, the nurse should recommend what action? 9. An immunosuppressed patient is receiving chemotherapy treatment at home. What infection-control measure should the nurse recommend to the family? 10. A medical nurse is careful to adhere to infection control protocols, including handwashing. Which statement about handwashing supports the nurses practice? 11. A male patient with gonorrhea asks the nurse how he can reduce his risk of contracting another sexually transmitted infection. The patient is not in a monogamous relationship. The nurse should instruct the patient to do which of the following? 12. The nurse places a patient in isolation. Isolation techniques have the potential to break the chain of infection by interfering with what component of the chain of infection? 13. The nurse is caring for a patient who is colonized with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). What infection control measure has the greatest potential to reduce transmission of MRSA and other nosocomial pathogens in a health care setting? 14. A patient on Airborne Precautions asks the nurse to leave his door open. What is the nurses best reply? 15. Family members are caring for a patient with HIV in the patients home. What should the nurse encourage family members to do to reduce the risk of infection transmission? 16. A nurse is preparing to administer a patients scheduled dose of subcutaneous heparin. To reduce the risk of needlestick injury, the nurse should perform what action? 17. A 16-year-old male patient comes to the free clinic and is subsequently diagnosed with primary syphilis. What health problem most likely prompted the patient to seek care? 18. A patient on the medical unit is found to have pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). What is the most appropriate precaution for the staff to take to prevent transmission of this disease? 19. An adult patient in the ICU has a central venous catheter in place. Over the past 24 hours, the patient has developed signs and symptoms that are suggestive of a central line associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI). What aspect of the patients care may have increased susceptibility to CLABSI? 20. What is the best rationale for health care providers receiving the influenza vaccination on a yearly basis? 21. A patient has presented at the ED with copious diarrhea and accompanying signs of dehydration. During the patients health history, the nurse learns that the patient recently ate oysters from the Gulf of Mexico. The nurse should recognize the need to have the patients stool cultured for microorganisms associated with what disease? 22. A patient is alarmed that she has tested positive for MRSA following culture testing during her admission to the hospital. What should the nurse teach the patient about this diagnostic finding? 23. A patients diagnostic testing revealed that he is colonized with vancomycin-resistantenterococcus (VRE). What change in the patients health status could precipitate an infection? 24. A clinic nurse is caring for a male patient diagnosed with gonorrhea who has been prescribed ceftriaxone and doxycycline. The patient asks why he is receiving two antibiotics. What is the nurses best response? 25. A student nurse completing a preceptorship is reviewing the use of standard precautions. Which of the following practices is most consistent with standard precautions? 26. A patient is admitted from the ED diagnosed with Neisseria meningitides. What type of isolation precautions should the nurse institute? 27. During a health education session, a participant asks the nurse how a vaccine can protect from future exposures to diseases against which she is vaccinated. What would be the nurses best response? 28. A 2-year-old is brought to the clinic by her mother who tells the nurse her daughter has diarrhea and the child is complaining of pain in her stomach. The mother says that the little girl had not eaten anything unusual, consuming homemade chicken strips and carrot sticks the evening prior. Which bacterial infection would the nurse suspect this little girl of contracting? 29. A public health nurse is teaching a mother about vaccinations prior to obtaining informed consent for her childs vaccination. What should the nurse cite as the most common adverse effect of vaccinations? 30. A mother brings her 12 month-old son into the clinic for his measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination. What would the clinic nurse advise the mother about the MMR vaccine? 31. An older adult patient tells the nurse that she had chicken pox as a child and is eager to be vaccinated against shingles. What should the nurse teach the patient about this vaccine? 32. The nurse educator is discussing emerging diseases with a group of nurses. The educator should cite what causes of emerging diseases? Select all that apply. 33. An older adult patient has been diagnosed with Legionella infection. When planning this patients care, the nurse should prioritize which of the following nursing actions? 34. The nurse is caring for a patient with secondary syphilis. What intervention should the nurse institute when caring for this patient? 35. A long-term care facility is the site of an outbreak of infectious diarrhea. The nurse educator has emphasized the importance of hand hygiene to staff members. The use of alcohol-based cleansers may be ineffective if the causative microorganism is identified as what? 36. The nurse is providing care for an older adult patient who has developed signs and symptoms ofCalicivirus (Norovirus). What assessment should the nurse prioritize when planning this patients care? 37. The nurse who provides care at a wilderness camp is teaching staff members about measures that reduce campers and workers risks of developing Giardia infections. The nurse should emphasize which of the following practices? 38. A nurse is participating in a vaccination clinic at the local public health clinic. The nurse is describing the public health benefits of vaccinations to participants. Vaccine programs addressing which of the following diseases have been deemed successful? Select all that apply. 39. A public health nurse promoting the annual influenza vaccination is focusing health promotion efforts on the populations most vulnerable to death from influenza. The nurse should focus on which of the following groups? 40. The nurse receives a phone call from a clinic patient who experienced fever and slight dyspnea several hours after receiving the pneumococcus vaccine. What is the nurses most appropriate action?

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