NR 507 Midterm Exam / NR507 Midterm Exam (Latest, 2020 / 2021): Advanced Pathophysiology: Chamberlain College of Nursing (Already Graded A) - $11.24   Add to cart

Looking for more study guides & notes to pass NR507? Find more study material on our NR507 overview page 

Exam (elaborations)

NR 507 Midterm Exam / NR507 Midterm Exam (Latest, 2020 / 2021): Advanced Pathophysiology: Chamberlain College of Nursing (Already Graded A)

NR-507 Advanced Pathophysiology Midterm Exam 1. What causes the S2 heart sound? - closing of semilunar (aortic and pulmonary) valves 2. What prevents the backflow into the ventricles? - 3. Stenosis of heart valve - 4. Stenosis of a heart valve, may result in what? - 5. heart failure - 6. Left sided heart failure characteristic - 7. Causes of left sided heart failure - 8. How does LV hypertrophy lead to left sided heart failure? - 9. How does Aortic SL valve or bicuspid valve damage lead to heart failure? - 10. Biventricular failure - 11. How does heart failure progress from hypertension? - 12. What does fluid in the pulmonary tissue result in - 13. cor pulmonale - 14. right sided heart failure - 15. Causes of right sided heart failure - 16. What is the most common cause of right sided heart failure? - 17. Progression of right sided heart failure - 18. signs and symptoms of right sided heart failure - 19. Why does hepatosplenomegaly develop in right sided heart failure? - 20. why does peripheral edema occur in right sided heart failure? - 21. High output failure - 22. causes of high output failure - 23. Process of high output failure - 24. Troponin-Calcium Binding - 25. sliding filament theory - 26. Hematopoiesis - 27. Where does blood cell formation occur in a fetus - 28. Blood cell formation in children 0-5 years old - 29. blood cell formation in adults over 20 - 30. Erythropoietin - 31. hematopoietic stem cells - 32. How does a hematopoietic stem cell produce a red blood cell? 33. Erythrocyte function - 34. Erythrocyte life span - 35. anemia risk factors - 36. function of hemoglobin - 37. causes of anemia - 38. hemolytic anemia - 39. causes of hemolytic anemia - 40. development of anemia due to gastrectomy - 41. what kind of anemia can result from incorrect blood transfusion? - 42. normocytic normochromic anemia - 43. hemolytic anemia is what kind of anemia - 44. polycythemia vera - 45. Kidney Anatomy - 46. Nephron Anatomy - 47. Bladder anatomy - 48. reabsorption (kidney) - 49. what solutes are typically reabsorbed? - 50. Where is most of the solute reabsorbed? - 51. What effects amount of water and solute reabsorption - 52. secretion (kidney) - 53. filtration (kidney) - 54. Conditions associated with renal failure - 55. vesicoureteral reflux - 56. renal agenesis - 57. Potter syndrome - 58. Wilms tumor - 59. polycystic kidney disease - 60. Why are kidneys and bladders at high risk for cancer - 61. Descending infection - 62. Ascending infection - 63. glomerulonephritis - 64. tubular necrosis - 65. Causes of tubular necrosis - 66. Pathophysiology of tubular necrosis - 67. Acute Kidney Injury - 68. Prerenal disease - 69. prerenal disease causes - 70. What are most cases of AKI caused by? - 71. Intrarenal disease - Causes of intrarenal disease - 73. postrenal disease - 74. Causes of postrenal disease - 75. Chronic kidney disease - 76. kidney stones - 77. kidney stone treatment - 78. causes of kidney stones - 79. benign prostatic hyperplasia - 80. BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia) - 81. BPH treatment - 82. pathogenesis of primary glomerulonephritis - 83. clinical indicators of glomerulonephritis - 84. Why is there edema with glomerulonephritis - 85. Azotemia - 86. Why is there azotemia with renal failure? - 87. Why is there oliguria with renal failure? - 88. What happens in renal failure when the coagulation cascade is activated - 89. blood hydrostatic pressure - 90. filtration (kidney) - 91. angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) - 92. What does angiotensin II do? - 93. Role of macrophages - 94. Asthma - 95. What are 5 s/s of asthma - 96. Pathophysiology of asthma (5) - 97. Bronchioles - 98. 3 layers of the bronchioles - 99. lamina propria - 100. structure of the lamina propria - 101. purpose of the lamina propria - 102. How does the lamina propria effect the lungs in regards to asthma? - 103. What does the innermost layer of the bronchioles contain? - 104. What does the outermost layer of the bronchioles contain? - 105. what does the outermost layer of the bronchioles do? - 106. alveolar hyperinflation - 107. how does hyperinflation occur? - 108. Effect of hyperinflation of the alveolar - 109. What are two anticholinergic drugs used for asthma? - 110. What do anticholinergics do in the lungs? - 111. MOA of anticholinergic drugs for asthma - - 112. bronchitis - 113. 3 characteristics of bronchitis - 114. Perfusion - 115. results of chronic bronchitis/ low perfusion - 116. Why is there cyanosis with chronic bronchitis - 117. Right to left shunting - 118. Causes of bronchitis - 119. Pathogenesis of bronchitis - 120. most common irritant with bronchitis is? - 121. what does long term exposure to irritants promote in bronchitis? (5) - 122. What does smooth muscle hypertrophy do in lungs? 123. Hypertrophy and hyperplasia of goblet cells do what in the bronchioles - 124. What are characteristics of epithelial cell metaplasia? - 125. What does the migration of WBCs to the bronchioles do? - 126. How does the thickening and rigidity of bronchial basement membranes effect the lungs? - 127. What acid-base disorder is seen in chronic bronchitis? - 128. how does chronic bronchitis lead to respiratory acidosis? - 129. Where does air enter the body? - 130. Where does air go after it passes through the nose and mouth? - 131. After air passes through the trachea where does it go? - 132. Where does air flow after the bronchi? - 133. Where does air flow after the bronchioles? - 134. Describe how blood flows to become oxygenated - 135. What is the formula for cardiac output? - 136. cardiac reserve - 137. What type of relationship does heart rate and stroke volume have? - 138. What is preload? - 139. average amount of preload? - 140. When fibers stretch during diastole how does that effect contraction? - 141. What happens when cardiac fibers overstretch during diastole? - 142. What can cause increased preload - 143. What can cause decreased preload - 144. What are two common causes of hypovolemia - 145. Afterload - 146. what influences afterload (3) - 147. what can cause an increase in afterload - 148. what can decrease afterload - 149. what influences cardiac contractility (inotropic state) 150. What electrolytes are used for cardiac muscle contraction? - 151. What increases cardiac muscle contraction - 152. what decreases cardiac muscle contraction - 153. Stimulation of what set a resting HR (chronotropic state) - 154. what stimulates the parasympathetic system? - 155. What does the parasympathetic system do? - 156. What can extreme vagal response result in? - 157. What mediates the sympathetic system? - 158. What does the sympathetic system promote in the cardiac system? - 159. What can uncontrolled tachycardia lead to? - 160. What are the two parts of the cardiac cycle? - 161. What causes blood to move from the atria to the ventricles - 162. What causes the S1 heart sound? - 163. What are the atrioventricular valves? - 164. What are the semilunar valves? - 165. What causes the semilunar valves to open? - 166. ejection fraction - 167. What causes the semilunar valves to close? -

Last document update: 5 months ago

Preview 1 out of 23  pages

quiz_bit

The benefits of buying summaries with Stuvia:

Guaranteed quality through customer reviews

Guaranteed quality through customer reviews

Stuvia customers have reviewed more than 450,000 summaries. This how you know that you are buying the best documents.

Quick and easy check-out

Quick and easy check-out

You can quickly pay through credit card or Stuvia-credit for the summaries. There is no membership needed.

Focus on what matters

Focus on what matters

Your fellow students write the study notes themselves, which is why the documents are always reliable and up-to-date. This ensures you quickly get to the core!

$ 11.24
  • (0)
  Add to cart