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NR 508-Pharmacology Mid-term –Test Bank

NR 508-Pharmacology Mid-term –Test Bank /NR 508-Pharmacology Mid-term –Test Bank. Question 1 2 / 2 pts A patient has three consecutive blood pressure readings of 140/95 mm Hg. The patient’s body mass index is 24. A fasting plasma glucose is 100 mg/dL. Creatinine clearance and cholesterol tests are normal. The primary care NP should order: a β-blocker. an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. Correct! a thiazide diuretic. dietary and lifestyle changes. The patient has stage I hypertension. Because there are no compelling indications for other treatment, a thiazide diuretic should be used initially to treat the hypertension. Dietary and lifestyle changes should also be recommended but are not sufficient for patients with stage I hypertension. Other drugs may be added later if thiazide diuretic therapy fails. Question 2 2 / 2 pts An African-American patient is taking captopril (Capoten) 25 mg twice daily. When performing a physical examination, the primary care nurse practitioner (NP) learns that the patient continues to have blood pressure readings of 135/90 mm Hg. The NP should: increase the captopril dose to 50 mg twice daily. Correct! add a thiazide diuretic to this patient’s regimen. change the drug to losartan (Cozaar) 50 mg once daily. recommend a low-sodium diet in addition to the medication. Some African-American patients do not appear to respond as well as whites in terms of blood pressure reduction. The addition of a low-dose thiazide diuretic often allows for efficacy in blood pressure lowering that is comparable with that seen in white patients. Increasing the captopril dose is not indicated. Losartan is an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) and is not indicated in this case.

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