RELI448N Week 4 Midterm Exam (April 2018) - Chamberlain College of Nursing - $15.49   Add to cart

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RELI448N Week 4 Midterm Exam (April 2018) - Chamberlain College of Nursing

RELI 448N Week 4 Midterm Exam (April 2018) - Chamberlain College of Nursing RELI448N Week 4 Midterm Exam (April 2018) - Chamberlain College of Nursing Question 1 2 / 2 Points A worldview that sees all elements of nature as being filled with spirit or spirits is called: Correct! Animism Polytheism Atheism Pantheism Question 2 2 / 2 Points If the Divine is seen as being beyond space & time, it is: Animistic Polytheistic Correct! Transcendent Immanent Question 3 2 / 2 Points An analytical approach that looks for universal structures that underlie language, mental processes, mythologies, kinship, & religions is called: Deconstruction Correct! Structuralism Post-structuralism Dualism Question 4 2 / 2 Points All of the following are used as symbolic forms of the female divine except: The moon A snake Water Correct! A lightning bolt Question 5 2 / 2 Points The female divine is an important element in the religions of India. Which of the following is not a form of the goddess in Hinduism? Saraswati Correct! Shiva Kali Durga Question 6 2 / 2 Points Which of the following is not seen as being an avatar of Vishnu? Rama Buddha Correct! Shiva Krishna Question 7 2 / 2 Points The “divine song” that recounts the conversation between the god Krishna & the prince, Arjuna, is called: The Upanishads The Vedas Correct! The Bhagavad Gita The Yoga Sutras Question 8 2 / 2 Points The ideas of Mohandas Gandhi had a great influence on which 20th century activist? Malcolm X Correct! Martin Luther King, Jr. Cesar Chavez Harvey Milk Question 9 2 / 2 Points A spiritual teacher to whom devotion may be directed is called a: Sage Brahmin Correct! Guru Avatar Question 10 2 / 2 Points The spiritual discipline of devotion to a deity or a teacher is called: Karma yoga Correct! Bhakti yoga Jnana yoga Raja yoga Question 11 2 / 2 Points In Hinduism, that which keeps us from seeing reality correctly is: Moksha Correct! Maya Karma Atman Question 12 2 / 2 Points The Buddha who is expected to appear on Earth in the future is: Correct! Maitreya Amitabha Guanyin Shakyamuni Question 13 2 / 2 Points This term means non-violence: Anatta Anicha Bodhi Correct! Ahimsa Question 14 2 / 2 Points The Mahayana notion of emptiness is called: Bodhi Samsara Correct! Shunyata Tathata Question 15 0 / 2 Points A person who has practiced monastic disciplines, achieving the ideal of entering nirvana, is called: You Answered Bodhisattva Correct Answer Arhat Buddha Lama Question 16 2 / 2 Points Which of the following is not one of the Three Jewels of Buddhism? Dharma Sangha Correct! Bodhi Buddha Question 17 2 / 2 Points The classic scripture of Daoism is the: Yijing Analects Correct! Daodejing Zhuangzi Question 18 2 / 2 Points The receptive aspect of reality that expresses itself in silence, darkness, & coolness is called: Correct! Yin Yang Dao Wu wei Question 19 2 / 2 Points Doing only what comes spontaneously & naturally is called: Ren Li Correct! Wu wei Yang Question 20 2 / 2 Points Confucius believed that the virtues: Would lead to harmonious society. Must be learned & nurtured. Defined a noble person. Correct! All of the above. Question 21 Not yet graded / 25 Points Compare & contrast Sigmund Freud's theory about the origin of religions with William James's theory. How does each of these psychologists view religion (positively or negatively)? Now analyze how the insights of Freud orJames might illuminate one of the religious traditions we have studied so far. How would Freud or James underst& that tradition? Use specific examples to support your answer (e.g., a specific belief or ritual). Your Answer: professor, Sigmund Freud’s theory on the origin of religions shows a negative view on religion. Freud theorized that our belief in God comes from impressions made upon us as children by our parents (Molly, 2012, p. 11). For Freud, human behavior & mental states were mainly the result of the workings of the mind in each individual person - especially the ongoing, lifelong struggle between the ego, the super-ego & the id, as each person grows & matures. Freud believe that religion is a psychological disease, caused by the infantile need for a strong father figure to regulate the infantile urges of the id. People with more intense religious feelings suffered this unresolved tension more strongly in childhood; people whose ego was able to regulate their id more easily had less religious tendencies. Freud thinks God does not "really" exists. It is the product of human psychopathology. he thinks our parents tend to project their image of God upon us that was instilled in them by their parents. Freud also argued that the major function of religion is to control human beings & give them a feeling that they are secure & safe. William James on the other h& view religion as a positive way of fulfilling our needs & he praised religions positive influence on the life of the individuals (Molly, 2012, p. 11). James was one of the leading proponents of the school of functionalism in psychology, & pragmatism in philosophy. Hence, his views on religion reflect these inclinations. For James, it is not important whether religion is true, or not true. Rather, religion is a manifestation of an urge towards spiritual belief which is part of human life. The human mind has a tendency towards religious (or spiritual) thought, by the nature of the human animal. In that sense, there's no use in condemning religion as a general phenomenon (for James), because it is an inevitable part of life (although we could reject specific religious ideas or practices). Religion as freud believe is something put upon us by our parent. the proof is children follow heir parent religion. but we also see people changing their religion once they grow up & this can be explained by james theory life issues & the seek of God can make one appreciate this religion & not the other. religion for james is like practicing the wu wei. it is spontaneous & natural. Reference Molloy, M. (2013). Experiencing the World's Religions, 6th Edition. [VitalSource]. Retrieved from Quiz Score: 38 out of 65 PreviousNext Submission Details:

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