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Exam (elaborations)


CHAPTER 12: BRINGING YOUTHS INTO COMMUNITY POLICING 1. Forman contends that community policing has not reached its full potential because a critical group has largely been left out of the new policing model. Who is this critical group? a. Young adults b. Youths c. Both a and b d. None of the above 2. A condition characteristic that increases the likelihood that a child will avoid delinquency is called a. a risk factor. b. a protective factor. c. a community factor. d. an engagement factor. 3. The 2011 National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) indicated that ______________ % of children age 0 to 17 had been victims of physical assault. a. 23% b. 60% c. 3% d. 41.2% 4. According to the text, bullying is more accurately termed a. peer child abuse. b. psychopathic peer pressure. c. pulling levers. d. zero tolerance. 5. According to the text, the most prevalent form of bullying is a. electronic. b. physical. c. relational. d. verbal. 6. Dr. Olweus’s program to prevent bullying has as a basic tenet: the intervention by ______________ when they see bullying behavior. a. students b. teachers c. school liaison officers d. parent volunteers 7. Partnerships should include youths at all levels of activity, with their roles considered as important as those of adults. Which of the following programs is based on this philosophy? a. Teens on Target b. Horizons c. On your Side d. All of the above 8. In the 1980s, a nonprofit youth development agency in Oakland, California, established this program to address increasing numbers of youth homicides as a result of heightened gang activity: a. Peer Educators Symposium b. Youth Advisory Council c. National Youth Strategy d. Teens on Target 9. A long-term, community-based, violence reduction or prevention program designed to help create an environment that reduces violence and establishes more sociable ways of behaving, living, and working in families, school organizations, and communities is a. Student Crime Stoppers. b. PeaceBuilders. c. Horizons. d. the McGruff media campaign. 10. To prevent bullying, Dr. Olweus recommends a. clear and positive communication between parents and school officials. b. assistance to bullying victims that helps them assert themselves. c. clear and swift reaction to persistent physical or verbal bullying. d. All of the above 11. According to the text, all of the following are elements of the developmental assets approach except: a. Community commitment b. Constructive use of time c. Social competence d. Support 12. Schools that implemented Dr. Olweus’s program found ______________ in the rate of bullying behavior within the first two years. a. a 25% increase b. a 15 to 20% reduction c. a 40 to 50% reduction d. no change 13. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police believe that long-term prevention of youth crime and victimization can only be accomplished a. in partnership with the community. b. with School Resource Officers. c. through teen and student court. d. by law-related education. 14. Another term for bullying—name calling, fistfights, purposeful ostracism, extortion, character assassination, repeated physical attacks, and sexual harassment—is a. closet bullying. b. peer child abuse. c. passive bullying abuse. d. disengaged bullying. 15. According to the text, zero tolerance strategies in schools a. are quite effective in reducing school violence. b. grew out of antiviolence policies enacted during the turbulent 1960s. c. no matter what the underlying circumstances, a student will be suspended or expelled. d. All of the above 16. The program at school that offers youths an anonymous TIPS line to get information about crime or violence to those who can stop it is a. Student Crime Stoppers. b. PeaceBuilders. c. Horizons. d. the McGruff media campaign. 17. According to a Rand research report, all of the following are risk factors of adolescent violence except: a. Exhibiting early deviant behavior b. Poor grades c. Frequent moves during elementary school d. All are characteristics of adolescent violence. 18. The Kops ‘n’ Kids program, endorsed by the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), brings together children and officers to a. counteract negative perceptions of police. b. have lunch. c. participate in ride-along programs. d. have fun rather than to deliver antidrug or anticrime speeches. 19. According to the text, crisis planning is the final prong in a. effective leadership. b. effective mentoring. c. effective management. d. effective security. 20. Which one of the three types of activities, as identified by Finn, do School Resource Officers not engage in? a. Law enforcement b. Mentoring c. Friendship d. Teaching 21. The developmental asset approach promotes all of the following except: a. Social competence b. Commitment to learning c. Extracurricular activities d. Endorsement 22. The Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act, also known as the Sex Offender Registration and Notification act (SORNA), went into effect in a. 2004. b. 2006. c. 2005. d. 2007. 23. Who was the founder of the America’s Promise Alliance in 1997? a. Madeline Albright b. Colin Powell c. Donald Rumsfeld d. George H.W. Bush 24. The America’s Promise Alliance, founded in 1997, focuses on five promises. Which of the following is not one of those promises? a. Caring adults b. Safe places c. A healthy start d. Free lunches 25. Safe Start was developed to prevent and reduce the impact of family and community violence on young children. What age group was the program developed for? a. Birth to 6 b. Birth to 3 c. Birth to 10 d. None of the above 26. This police department has the Horizons Family Counseling project operating out of the police department: a. Boston b. Livermore c. Chicago d. Los Angeles 27. The FBI’s four-pronged assessment evaluates four major areas making up the “totality of the circumstances.” Which of the following is not one of these factors? a. Personality of the student b. Family dynamics c. School dynamics d. Societal dynamics 28. After-school programs are often touted as one method to keep youths out of trouble and to help them succeed in school. A __________________ has been developed and is being piloted by the COPS Office. a. Police-Based After-School Program b. Citizen-Based After-School Program c. Justice-Based After-School Program d. Volunteer-Based After-School Program 29. This system links eye-scanning cameras with computers to identify people who have been preauthorized to enter schools. a. JBAS b. SSI c. T-PASS d. T-COP 30. Schools play an important role in what type of the development of children? a. Social b. Criminal c. Behavioral d. Psychological 31. Oakland, California developed which project as a whole-school improvement program to foster positive development in children? a. TeensNCops b. CopsInSchools c. Police Explorers d. Child Development Project 32. According to the President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing, law enforcement agencies should work with schools to do what in regards to suspensions and expulsions? a. Strictly enforce suspension and expulsion policies b. Create alternatives to suspensions and expulsions c. Expand the reasons for suspensions and expulsions d. Not be involved in school business 33. The main goals of Youth Courts are listed in the text as a. punishment and restoration. b. family unity and correction. c. response to behavior and building youth responsibility. d. restitution and prevention. 34. California’s Butte County Safe Schools program is an example of using what to prevent problems? a. Teams b. Strict enforcement c. Monthly directed response d. Community surveys 35. School Resource Officers roles include safety expert and law enforcer, problem solver and liaison, and ______________. a. mentor b. coach c. educator d. advisor 36. The Adam Walsh Child Protection Act, also known as the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA), created a new federal sex offender registry. a. True b. False 37. A main objective of the Kops ‘n’ Kids program is to present police as positive role models and to build trust with children. a. True b. False 38. To prevent bullying, Dr. Olweus recommends consistent, nonphysical punishment of students who misbehave. a. True b. False 39. A school break-in is defined as willful or malicious damage to school grounds and buildings or furnishings and equipment. a. True b. False 40. The Safe Start initiative is funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice Delinquency Programs. a. True b. False 41. One of the central components of zero tolerance is school expulsion. a. True b. False 42. According to the text, data suggests that zero tolerance policies reduce school violence. a. True b. False 43. Dr. Olweus’s program to prevent bullying is used only in the United States. a. True b. False 44. In response to a specific problem or rash of incidents, School Watch has produced short-term reductions in vandalism. a. True b. False 45. The Kid Watch Program recruits volunteers to watch over students on their way to and from school and marks safe houses along routes to the schools. a. True b. False 46. The concept of “school teams” involves designated groups of students who watch for signs of trouble and step in to prevent problems before police can be called in. a. True b. False 47. To prevent bullying, Dr. Olweus recommends parental encouragement that students develop and maintain friendships. a. True b. False 48. According to the text, one of the responses to prevent school vandalism that has been successful is controlling the sale of vandalism tools. a. True b. False 49. Most children who commit violent acts in school rarely show any warning signs of inner turmoil; instead, they typically have a moment at which they “snap” from nonviolence into violence. a. True b. False 50. School vandalism and break-ins pose a serious problem to school administrators and communities. a. True b. False 51. The family is viewed by many as the cornerstone of the community. a. True b. False 52. In 40 cases of school violence in the past 20 years, the Secret Service’s National Threat Assessment found that teenagers often told someone before they did the deed. a. True b. False 53. A direct threat identifies a specific act against a specific target and is delivered in a straightforward, clear, and explicit manner. a. True b. False 54. Remember calling, fistfights, purposeful ostracism, extortion, character assassination, repeated physical attacks, and sexual harassment are common behaviors in schools; these behaviors are also called _________________. 55. An SRO is a _________________. 56. A school should be viewed as a _________________, not as an institution. 57. As defined in the text, _________________ is something done to get someone in trouble, but _________________ is done to keep someone safe. 58. A/an _________________ threat tends to be vague, unclear, and ambiguous. 59. _________________ is a program endorsed by the IACP that brings together children and officers to have fun rather than to deliver antidrug or anticrime speeches. 60. The _________________ program, focusing on high-risk youth, is a family counseling -service in Livermore, California that operates out of the local police department. 61. _________________ is a peer education program that trains high-risk students to advocate violence prevention by educating and mentoring their peers and younger children on gun violence, drugs, and family conflict. 62. _________________ are ideals, experiences, and qualities that help young people make wise decisions, choose positive paths, and grow up competent, caring, and responsible. 63. _________________ is the concept of punishing all offenses severely, no matter how minor. 64. According to the text, _________________ has been a common behavior in school since they first opened their doors. 65. Police _________________ schools involve youth in police agencies, develop bonds between youth and police officers, and encourage youth to view law enforcement as a rewarding career path. 66. According to the President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing, law enforcement agencies and schools should establish memoranda of agreement for the placement of School Resource Officers that ____________________police involvement in student discipline. 67. The University of Southern California (USC) has established a successful partnership with area schools and residents to keep students safe called _______________. 68. The willful or malicious damage to school grounds and buildings or furnishings and equipment is _____________________. 69. Discuss the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s four-pronged assessment of school shooters. What do you believe to be the most important and why? 70. Discuss the problems that are associated with school vandalism and break-ins. 71. Discuss and describe the various approaches to combat bullying. Which one do you feel is most effective and why? 72. Discuss the various types of “threats” listed in the text and how a school could prepare to meet these threats. What is the most common threat seen today? 73. Discuss the seven-pronged approach to effective school security. What partnerships, strategies, and programs are vital to achieving safe schools?

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Community Policing- Partnerships for Problem Solving, 8e Miller TB Exam Chapters 1 to Chapter 16. All Answers provided

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