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Exam (elaborations)


CHAPTER 07: BUILDING PARTNERSHIPS A CORNERSTONE OF COMMUNITY POLICING 1. Traditional policing expected community members to remain in the background. That meant most citizen–police interactions were a. negligible contacts. b. negative contacts. c. negotiated contacts. d. necessary contacts. 2. Effective community policing depends on optimizing positive contact between patrol officers and community members. Patrol cars are one method. Which of the following is not a supplemental method? a. scooters b. bicycles c. foot d. buses 3. According to the text, key collaborators include all of the following except: a. Parks employees b. Courts c. Victims d. Taxi drivers 4. When several agencies come together and share resources, this is an example of a. stakeholders. b. collaboration. c. community involvement. d. nice neighbor process. 5. According to the text, concerns about using volunteers in police departments include a. possible access to confidential material. b. older people’s well-known disrespect for the law. c. their tendency to try to take over enforcement duties. d. All of the above 6. Community prosecution philosophy calls on prosecutors to a. attend daily patrol briefings. b. prosecute to the fullest extent of the law. c. take a proactive approach. d. develop collaboration with jails. 7. According to the text, a good way to build relationships and trust within communities is to a. keep officers in the same beat and on the same shift. b. volunteer to clean up run-down neighborhoods. c. be active in afterschool programs. d. issue fewer citations and give more warnings for minor offenses. 8. Core components of effective community partnerships are a. a shared vision and common goals. b. open communication. c. Both a and b d. Neither a nor b 9. Conflicting interests may impede establishing a __________ and shared goals. a. common vision b. mission statement c. community interest d. negotiating stance 10. A central goal of community policing and community partnership is a. supplementing auto patrol. b. establishing and maintaining mutual trust. c. providing community forums. d. adding mini-stations. 11. According to the text, dimensions of trust are a. priorities, competency, dependability, and respect. b. citizenship, shared power, lawful assemblies, and shared concerns. c. cooperation, effectiveness, shared concerns, and organization. d. crime control, responsibility, service, and reliability. 12. The beat for which a patrol officer is given responsibility should be a. large and well-defined geographically. b. small and rotated periodically. c. large and rotated periodically. d. small and well-defined geographically. 13. Community courts are _________________ courts that offer an immediate visible response to quality-of-life offences. a. restorative-focused b. neighborhood-focused c. offense-focused d. proactivly focused 14. Community prosecutors tend to focus on which type of crime? a. Murder b. Rape c. Street-level drug dealing d. Burglary 15. All of the following are benefits of partnerships with the community except: a. A sense of accomplishment b. Gaining recognition and trust c. Meeting community members d. Enhanced officer response to calls for service 16. According to the text, some call-management strategies include a. using an officer to take telephone reports of nonemergency, low-priority calls. b. taking reports by appointment. c. having civilians handle certain calls. d. All of the above 17. Citizen police academies a. have decreased in popularity. b. educate the public about the nature of police work. c. have not been shown to change community attitudes. d. are having a major impact on police–community relationships. 18. According to the text, the central goal of community policing is a. building trust. b. community goals. c. neighborhood watch. d. SARA programs. 19. A process involving a computer-aided dispatch system in which nonemergency, lower-priority calls are ranked so the higher-priority calls are continually dispatched first is called a. call reduction. b. call stacking. c. call management. d. calls for service. 20. What trend is driving the need for increased use of private policing? a. Increase in burglary alarms b. Proliferation of cybercrime c. Need to conduct background checks d. Protecting existing resources 21. A partnership where a probation officer rides along with a patrol officer a. has been described as the perfect match. b. can result in a probationer’s immediate arrest for a violation of probation. c. Both a and b d. Neither a nor b 22. Outsourcing of police work is usually found a. in large communities. b. where there is a good relationship between agencies. c. in small departments. d. None of the above 23. Community courts a. address the same kinds of problems as other courts. b. are designed to address the most serious crimes. c. usually address a wide range of offenses involving quality of life. d. are an historical alternative to the traditional courtroom. 24. When prosecutors become involved in community policing, a. they become more focused on major crimes like murder and robbery. b. they get a different view of the kinds of things that devastate communities. c. they recognize the low priority of neighborhood stability issues. d. they have little personal contact with police officers. 25. According to the text, what is the number identified by the Baltimore police for nonemergency calls? a. 911 b. 411 c. 311 d. 511 26. The third component of the criminal justice system, __________________, also is an often overlooked partner in the community policing effort. a. judges b. dispatch c. court records d. corrections 27. According to the text, the idea of community corrections has been steadily moving forward since the a. 1970s. b. 1960s. c. 1980s. d. 1990s. 28. Community prosecution focuses not on specific cases but on community issues and problems, often focusing on a. hot spot crime. b. juvenile crime issues. c. quality-of-life issues. d. career criminals. 29. Often known as ________________, local agencies and departments work quite independently of one another. a. working in “silence” b. working in “silos” c. working in “style” d. working in “staples” 30. When police departments use volunteers, ________________ make excellent volunteers. a. individuals wishing to become law enforcement officers b. persons who are retired from law enforcement c. young persons d. older persons 31. Restorative justice holds that stakeholders share responsibility for achieving justice through a. accountability. b. reciprocity. c. objectivity. d. partnerships. 32. The idea that crime is directed against the state is the approach used by what paradigm? a. Retributive b. Restorative c. Restitution d. Remittance 33. The approach to justice that best recognizes the victim’s needs is a. retributive. b. restorative. c. restitution. d. remittance. 34. Police departments that use citizen volunteers may benefit from increased cost-effectiveness. a. True b. False 35. When agencies with common interests work independently and not in collaboration, this is called “working in silos.” a. True b. False 36. Community partnerships usually result in a more effective solution to a problem because of sharing responsibilities, resources, and goals. a. True b. False 37. TRIAD trains police about aging, communication techniques with elderly citizens, victimization of the elderly, and management programs using older volunteers. a. True b. False 38. Traditional shift and beat rotation work to build partnerships with the community. a. True b. False 39. Officers who have permanent assignments become experts about their beat. a. True b. False 40. Criticisms of the partnerships in community policing usually center on time and money. a. True b. False 41. When forming partnerships, it is important to recognize commonalities and to ignore conflicts within communities. a. True b. False 42. Police departments across the country now staff innovative programs with older citizen volunteers. a. True b. False 43. The International Association of Chiefs of Police is researching a possible collaboration between public and private police. a. True b. False 44. Effective community policing depends on optimizing positive contact between patrol officers and community members. a. True b. False 45. Although community partnerships are important for police agencies serious about community policing, community policing can succeed without them. a. True b. False 46. When forming partnerships, conflicts within communities are not as important to recognize as the commonalities. a. True b. False 47. Crime and disorder were viewed as police matters best left to professionals. That meant that most citizen–police interactions were negative contacts. a. True b. False 48. Researchers have concluded that linking 311 call technologies with changes in policy and practice does not advance a department’s community-oriented policing agenda. a. True b. False 49. Departments might free up time for partnerships without expense through effective call management or call reduction. a. True b. False 50. Citizen police academies are shown to have significant benefits such as reduced levels of street crimes. a. True b. False 51. Private security companies should be avoided when forming partnerships in Community Justice. a. True b. False 52. Prosecutors are one of the groups identified as key partners in Community Justice. a. True b. False 53. Community justice has its roots in restorative justice. a. True b. False 54. Partnerships are made up of ______________, those people who have an interest in what happens in a particular situation. 55. In addition to call management, many departments are finding they can improve citizens’ participation in community policing and build trust through _______________. 56. Four dimensions of _____________ are shared priorities, competency, dependability, and respect. 57. A coordinated approach known as _______________ works to design interjurisdictional partnerships to reduce victimization of older persons. 58. Partnerships are often referred to as _______________. 59. According to the text, criticism of the partnerships in community policing usually centers on _______________ and _______________. 60. The _______________ system allows nonemergency, lower-priority calls to be ranked and stacked so higher-priority calls can be dispatched first. 61. According to the text, ________________ is a process performed by a computer-aided dispatch system in which nonemergency or lower priority calls are ranked. 62. According to the text, a recent alternative to the traditional courtroom is _______________. 63. Large cities have begun to implement _______________ lines to divert nonemergency calls from 911. 64. Agencies that have common interests but work independently with no collaboration are said to be _____________________. 65. __________________________ is broadly defined as partnerships between the formal criminal justice system, the private sector, and community groups to promote public safety and enhance quality of life in the community. 66. _____________________advocates a balanced approach to justice that involves offenders, victims, local communities, and government to alleviate and repair the harm caused by crime and violence and to maintain peaceful communities.

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Community Policing- Partnerships for Problem Solving, 8e Miller TB Exam Chapters 1 to Chapter 16. All Answers provided

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