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Chapter_3_Anatomy_and_Research_Methods. Questions and Answers

Chapter_3_Anatomy_and_Research_Methods / 1. Neurons that directly convey messages to muscles and glands are part of the central nervous system. a. b. : DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: Terminology to Describe the Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 2. The elbow is more distal to the shoulder than the hand. a. b. : DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Analyze REFERENCES: Terminology to Describe the Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.01 - Define the terms used to describe brain anatomy. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 3. Cell bodies of motor neurons are located outside of the spinal cord. a. b. : DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Spinal Cord LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 4. The parasympathetic nervous system activates the "fight or flight" response. a. b. : DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Autonomic Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 5. Parasympathetic neurons use acetylcholine as their neurotransmitter. a. b. : DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Autonomic Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 6. The hindbrain consists of the medulla, the pons, and the cerebellum. a. b. : DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 7. Some cranial nerves include both sensory and motor components. a. b. : DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 8. Substantia nigra gives rise to the dopamine-containing pathway that facilitates readiness for movement. a. b. : DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Midbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 9. The limbic system is important for motivation and emotional behaviors. a. b. : DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Forebrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 10. Although relatively small, the hypothalamus is very important for a large range of motivated behaviors. a. b. : DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Forebrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 11. The choroid plexus reabsorbs the cerebrospinal fluid. a. b. : DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Ventricles LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 12. Damage to the right hemisphere of the cortex will most likely cause loss of sensory or motor control on the left side of the body. a. b. : DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Analyze REFERENCES: Organization of the Cerebral Cortex LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 13. Damage to the striate cortex of the right hemisphere causes blindness in the left visual field. a. b. : DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Analyze REFERENCES: The Occipital Lobe LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 14. The prefrontal cortex is important for working memory. a. b. : DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Frontal Lobe LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 15. Many cells in association areas of the brain respond to more than one sensory modality. a. b. : DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: How Do the Parts Work Together? LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.04 - Describe the binding problem and explain its theoretical importance. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex Multiple Choice 16. The central nervous system is composed of the ____. a. brain and spinal cord b. nerves outside the brain and spinal cord exclusively c. sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems d. somatic and autonomic nervous systems : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: Terminology to Describe the Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 17. Together, the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system make up the ____ nervous system. a. peripheral b. central c. sympathetic d. dorsal : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: Terminology to Describe the Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 18. Which division of the nervous system consists of neurons that deliver messages from the sensory organs to the central nervous system? a. autonomic b. sympathetic c. somatic d. parasympathetic : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: Terminology to Describe the Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 19. The somatic nervous system carries signals from the ____ and is part of the ____. a. senses; central nervous system b. organs; autonomic nervous system c. organs; sympathetic nervous system d. senses; peripheral nervous system : d DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: Terminology to Describe the Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 20. Which division of the nervous system consists of neurons that control the heart, intestines, and other organs? a. internal b. afferent c. somatic d. autonomic : d DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: Terminology to Describe the Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 21. Which plane shows brain structures as they would be seen from the front? a. coronal b. sagittal c. horizontal d. transverse : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: Terminology to Describe the Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.01 - Define the terms used to describe brain anatomy. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 22. Which plane shows brain structures as they would be seen from above? a. coronal b. sagittal c. horizontal d. commuter : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: Terminology to Describe the Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.01 - Define the terms used to describe brain anatomy. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 23. If one structure is on the left side of the body and another is on the right, they are said to be ____ to each other. a. medial b. lateral c. ipsilateral d. contralateral : d DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: Terminology to Describe the Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.01 - Define the terms used to describe brain anatomy. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 24. The basal ganglia are a related cluster of cell bodies that are lateral to the. a. meninges b. hippocampus c. hypothalamus d. thalamus : d DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Analyze REFERENCES: The Spinal Cord LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 25. The spinal cord communicates with ____. a. sense organs and muscles below the level of the head b. all sense organs and muscles in the human body c. the dorsal root ganglia only d. the ventral root ganglia only : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Spinal Cord LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 26. The cell bodies of sensory neurons that are in clusters of neurons outside the spinal cord are called ____. a. sensory nuclei b. sensory clusters c. ventral root ganglia d. dorsal root ganglia : d DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Spinal Cord LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 27. After damage to the dorsal roots of the spinal cord, an individual will suffer what kind of loss? a. sensation from the affected body area b. control of the peripheral muscles in the affected body area c. control of organs in the affected body area d. sensation of the muscles on the opposite side of the body : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Analyze REFERENCES: The Spinal Cord LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 28. After damage to the ventral roots of the spinal cord, an individual will suffer what kind of loss? a. sensation from the affected body area b. control of the peripheral muscles in the affected body area c. control of organs in the affected body area d. sensation of the muscles on the opposite side of the body : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Analyze REFERENCES: The Spinal Cord LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 29. Cell bodies of sensory neurons are located in the ____. a. spinal cord b. dorsal root ganglia c. white matter d. ventral roots : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Spinal Cord LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 30. Cell bodies of motor neurons would most likely be found in ____. a. gray matter b. white matter c. the dorsal roots d. the tracts : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Spinal Cord LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 31. Where would you find the dorsal root ganglia? a. at the base of the brain b. in the gray matter of the spinal cord c. in the white matter of the spinal cord d. outside, but near, the spinal cord : d DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Spinal Cord LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 32. A cross section of the spinal cord indicates that gray matter is ____. a. densely packed with myelinated axons b. composed mostly of unmyelinated axons c. densely packed with cell bodies and dendrites d. composed only of dendrites : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Spinal Cord LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 33. Which part of the nervous system prepares the body for "fight or flight" activities? a. sympathetic b. somatic c. parasympathetic d. peripheral : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Autonomic Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 34. The sweat glands, adrenal glands, and muscles that constrict blood vessels have input from only the ____ nervous system. a. sympathetic b. parasympathetic c. central d. dorsal root : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Autonomic Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 35. You are walking after dark. A sudden noise frightens you. Your heart pounds, your pulse races, and your breathing rate increases. These responses are due to your ____. a. parasympathetic nervous system b. sympathetic nervous system c. somatic nervous system d. immune system : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Analyze REFERENCES: The Autonomic Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 36. Sympathetic ganglia ____. a. are located inside the spinal cord b. act more independently than do parasympathetic ganglia c. are closely linked and often act as a single system d. have short postganglionic fibers extending to internal organs : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Autonomic Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 37. Sympathetic is to ____ as parasympathetic is to ____. a. the central nervous system; the peripheral nervous system b. voluntary behavior; involuntary behavior c. arousal; relaxation d. neurotransmitters; hormones : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Analyze REFERENCES: The Autonomic Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 38. The parasympathetic nervous system has ____. a. long preganglionic and long postganglionic axons b. long preganglionic and short postganglionic axons c. short preganglionic and short postganglionic axons d. short preganglionic and long postganglionic axons : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Autonomic Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 39. Which neurotransmitter is primarily used by the parasympathetic nervous system? a. dopamine b. serotonin c. acetylcholine d. norepinephrine : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Autonomic Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 40. Acetylcholine is the only neurotransmitter released by ____. a. the sympathetic nervous system's postganglionic synapses b. the parasympathetic nervous system's postganglionic axons c. intrinsic neurons in the spinal cord d. intrinsic neurons of the hippocampus : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Autonomic Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 41. Sympathetic is to ____ as parasympathetic is to ____. a. serotonin; dopamine b. dopamine; serotonin c. acetylcholine; norepinephrine d. norepinephrine; acetylcholine : d DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Autonomic Nervous System LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 42. Which structure consists of the medulla, the pons, and the cerebellum? a. hindbrain b. reticular formation c. midbrain d. forebrain : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 43. The term rhombencephalon refers to the ____. a. brainstem b. hindbrain c. midbrain d. forebrain : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 44. What structure is composed of the medulla, pons, the midbrain, and certain central structures of the forebrain? a. limbic system b. thalamus c. brain stem d. cerebellum : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 45. The medulla is considered part of the brain rather than the spinal cord because it ____. a. developed later in evolution b. is contained in the skull c. develops from a separate group of neurons d. is composed only of interneurons : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 46. Breathing, heart rate, vomiting, salivation, coughing, and sneezing are all controlled by which structure? a. medulla b. thalamus c. cerebellum d. pons : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 47. As axons from the spinal cord enter the skull, which structure do they enter? a. midbrain b. forebrain c. medulla d. cerebellum : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 48. The medulla controls a number of reflexes through ____. a. the midbrain b. the forebrain c. cranial nerves d. skeletal nerves : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 49. How many pairs of cranial nerves do humans have? a. 8 b. 10 c. 12 d. 16 : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 50. The nuclei for most of the cranial nerves are located in the ____. a. cerebral cortex b. hypothalamus c. midbrain d. pons and medulla : d DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 51. The nuclei for cranial nerves I through IV are located in the ____. a. midbrain and forebrain b. hindbrain c. pons and medulla d. spinal cord : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 52. Vision is to ____ as hearing is to ____. a. cranial nerve I; cranial nerve X b. cranial nerve II; cranial nerve VIII c. cranial nerve II; cranial nerve V d. cranial nerve IV; cranial nerve VIII : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Analyze REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 53. The reticular formation is contained within the ____. a. brain stem b. spinal cord c. raphe system d. cerebellum : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 54. The ascending portion of the reticular formation ____. a. controls the motor areas of the spinal cord b. is responsible for the eye muscles c. controls the motor areas of the brain d. increases arousal and attention : d DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 55. Which structure receives input from the hypothalamus and basal ganglia and sends axons that release acetylcholine to widespread areas in the cerebral cortex? a. nucleus basilis b. reticular formation c. spinal cord d. amygdala : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 56. The cerebellum contributes to the control of what function? a. hunger b. temperature c. olfaction d. movement : d DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 57. Research indicates that the behavioral effects of the cerebellum may be due to its role in ____. a. coordinating information from left and right hemispheres b. focusing attention and organizing sensory inputs c. interpreting visual stimuli d. coordinating the release of hormones : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Analyze REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 58. In addition to problems with balance and coordination, a person with damage to the cerebellum will likely have problems with ____. a. reflexive changes in heart rate b. shifting attention between auditory and visual stimuli c. amnesia d. rational decision-making : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 59. In which area of the brain would one find the tectum, tegmentum, superior and inferior colliculi, and substantia nigra? a. midbrain b. hindbrain c. reticular formation d. forebrain : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Midbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 60. Superior colliculus is to ____ as inferior colliculus is to ____. a. vision; hearing b. taste; smell c. vision; touch d. touch; hearing : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Midbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 61. What type of pathway in the substantia nigra deteriorates in Parkinson's disease? a. dopamine b. serotonin c. norepinephrine d. acetylcholine : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Midbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 62. A group of forebrain structures is important for motivated and emotional behavior. What term refers to this group of structures? a. limbic system b. reticular formation c. tegmentum d. basal ganglia : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Forebrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 63. The limbic system is most related to ____. a. emotional behaviors b. motor coordination c. coordination between the eyes and ears d. perception of three-dimensional objects : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Forebrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 64. One function of the thalamus is to ____. a. relay sensory information to the cerebral cortex b. regulate sleep cycles c. direct the secretions of the hypothalamus d. moderate emotional outbursts : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Forebrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 65. Which structure provides the main source of input to the cerebral cortex? a. limbic system b. medulla c. thalamus d. hypothalamus : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Forebrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 66. Olfactory information is processed by the ____. a. thalamus via the olfactory bulbs b. cortex via the olfactory bulbs c. spinal cord d. medulla : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Forebrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 67. An impairment of eating, drinking, temperature regulation, or sexual behavior suggests possible damage to which brain structure? a. midbrain b. hippocampus c. hypothalamus d. cerebellum : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Analyze REFERENCES: The Forebrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 68. The hindbrain consists of the ____. a. tectum, tegmentum, and reticular formation b. thalamus and hypothalamus c. spinal cord and cranial nerves d. medulla, pons, and cerebellum : d DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Hindbrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 69. By both neural and hormonal pathways, the hypothalamus regulates activity of the ____. a. pituitary gland b. thalamus c. retina d. ventricles : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Forebrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 70. Secretions from which gland will also affect the secretion of hormones from the thyroid gland, adrenal gland, and ovaries or testes? a. thymus gland b. pineal gland c. pineal gland d. pituitary gland : d DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Forebrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 71. The pituitary gland synthesizes and releases hormones ____. a. to the outside of the body b. to the thalamus c. into the bloodstream d. to the hypothalamus : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Forebrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 72. Which structure is likely to be damaged in Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and other conditions that impair movement? a. thalamus b. basal ganglia c. limbic system d. reticular formation : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Forebrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 73. Damage to the basal ganglia would most likely result in ____. a. a movement disorder b. problems with visual perception c. problems with auditory perception d. a loss of pain sensation : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Analyze REFERENCES: The Forebrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 74. The nucleus basalis is a key part of the brain’s system for ____. a. emotional response b. attention c. visual perception d. auditory perception : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Forebrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 75. The hippocampus plays a major role in ____. a. innate sexual behavior b. temperature regulation c. memory d. secretion of hormones : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Forebrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 76. An individual has difficulty remembering certain things after brain damage, but all memories stored before the damage are intact. The brain area most likely damaged is the ____. a. fornix b. hypothalamus c. hippocampus d. nucleus basalis : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Analyze REFERENCES: The Forebrain LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 77. The ventricles, central canal, and subarachnoid space are all ____. a. part of the forebrain b. filled with cerebrospinal fluid c. involved in cognitive functioning d. filled with blood : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Ventricles LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 78. The choroid plexus ____. a. cushions the brain b. protects the brain from infection c. is another name for the ventricles d. forms the cerebrospinal fluid : d DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Ventricles LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 79. Meningitis is an inflammation of the ____. a. cerebrospinal fluid b. glia c. membranes surrounding the brain d. medulla oblongata : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Ventricles LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 80. Membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord are called ____. a. CSF b. ventricles c. meninges d. hydrocephali : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Ventricles LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 81. A function of the cerebrospinal fluid is to ____. a. cushion the brain b. hold blood in reserve for emergencies c. maintain the blood-brain barrier d. synthesize neurotransmitters : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Ventricles LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 82. What causes hydrocephalus? a. poorly developed skull bones in an infant b. interruption of blood flow to the brain around the time of birth c. obstruction in the flow of cerebrospinal fluid d. damage to one of the cranial nerves : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Ventricles LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 - Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas. TOPICS: 3.1 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System 83. Each hemisphere of the cerebral cortex receives most of its input from the ____ side of the body and controls the muscles on the ____ side. a. contralateral; ipsilateral b. ipsilateral; contralateral c. ipsilateral; ipsilateral d. contralateral; contralateral : d DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: Organization of the Cerebral Cortex LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 84. What do the corpus callosum and anterior commissure have in common? a. They both produce CSF. b. They both connect the two hemispheres. c. They are made up of gray matter. d. They each have six laminae. : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Analyze REFERENCES: Organization of the Cerebral Cortex LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 85. Which statement is about laminae in the cerebral cortex? a. All cortical areas contain six layers. b. Odd numbered laminae contain only neurons; even numbered laminae contain only glia. c. The laminae vary in thickness in different areas. d. Each layer corresponds to a different sensory modality. : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: Organization of the Cerebral Cortex LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 86. If you could selectively damage the individual laminae of the cortex, damage to which layer would most likely affect visual sensation? a. Layer IV of the temporal cortex b. Layer V of the occipital cortex c. Layer IV of the occipital cortex d. Layer II of the frontal cortex : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Analyze REFERENCES: Organization of the Cerebral Cortex LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 87. Which lobe of the cerebral cortex is most important for visual information? a. occipital b. parietal c. temporal d. frontal : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Occipital Lobe LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 88. Cortical blindness may result from the destruction of ____. a. any part of the cortex b. the occipital cortex c. the parietal cortex d. the central sulcus : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Occipital Lobe LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 89. Which part of the cerebral cortex is most important for the sense of touch? a. occipital lobe b. parietal lobe c. temporal lobe d. frontal lobe : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Parietal Lobe LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 90. The ____ monitors all the information about eye, head, and body positions and passes it on to brain areas that control movement. a. parietal lobe b. occipital lobe c. central sulcus d. precentral gyrus : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Parietal Lobe LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 91. What is the primary target area in the cortex for information regarding muscle-stretch and joint receptors? a. primary somatosensory cortex b. occipital lobe c. central sulcus d. precentral gyrus : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Parietal Lobe LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 92. Someone who suddenly loses the ability to identify objects by feeling them has probably suffered damage to what area of the cerebral cortex? a. parietal lobe b. temporal lobe c. frontal lobe d. corpus callosum : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Analyze REFERENCES: The Parietal Lobe LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 93. What is the primary area of the cerebral cortex for auditory sensations? a. occipital b. parietal c. temporal d. frontal : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Temporal Lobe LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 94. Which lobe seems to be especially involved in the comprehension of spoken language in humans? a. occipital b. parietal c. frontal d. temporal : d DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Temporal Lobe LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 95. Which lobe contributes most to the perception of movement and recognition of faces? a. occipital lobe b. parietal lobe c. temporal lobe d. frontal lobe : c DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Temporal Lobe LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 96. The precentral gyrus is essential for the ____. a. control of fine movements b. coordination between vision and hearing c. regulation of emotions d. attention to hunger and thirst : a DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Frontal Lobe LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 97. The only area of the cerebral cortex known to receive input from ALL sensory modalities is the ____. a. thalamus b. prefrontal cortex c. striate cortex d. parietal lobe : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Frontal Lobe LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 98. Neurons in the prefrontal cortex ____ than neurons in other cortical areas. a. are larger in size b. have more dendritic spines c. have greater velocities of action potentials d. are more sensitive to light : b DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Frontal Lobe LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 99. Prefrontal lobotomies were conducted in the United States in an attempt to ____. a. restore memory b. restrain prisoners c. treat severe obesity d. treat severe psychiatric disorders : d DIFFICULTY: Bloom’s: Understand REFERENCES: The Frontal Lobe LEARNING OBJECTIVES: KALA.BIOP.16.03.03 - List the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and name their principal functions. TOPICS: 3.2 The Cerebral Cortex 100. The prefrontal cortex is important for ____. a. the processing of visual information b. working memory c. language acquisition d. recognizing faces 101. If the prefrontal cortex is damaged, an individual may ____. a. have difficulty remembering where s/he just placed the keys b. sleep 18-22 hours per day c. have impaired vision d. lose all memory of faces for at least six months 102. The "binding problem" is the issue of how we ____. a. convert sensory information into a pattern that produces movement b. perceive visual, auditory and other aspects of a stimulus as a single object c. transfer information between the left and right hemispheres d. communicate between word comprehension and word production areas of the brain 103. The large-scale integration problem is the difficulty of ____. a. getting the different parts of the brain to physically connect during development b. understanding how neurons work c. knowing how the areas of your brain work together to create a combined perception d. how more than one person can perceive the same object at the same time 104. Which statement is of the cortical areas that are sometimes known as "association areas"? a. They have primary control over processes of thinking and reasoning. b. They are best described as additional sensory areas. c. They form associations between touch and hearing. d. They integrate information from more than one sensory system. 105. People with damage of the parietal cortex tend to have trouble ____ a. hearing sounds b. locating objects in space c. remembering past events d. speaking 106. Computerized axial tomography creates an image from ____. a. microwaves b. infrared rays c. x-rays d. gamma rays 107. Suppose you are interested in determining if the volume of the hippocampus is associated with the amount of stress a person was experiencing. Which method would be the best choice? a. CAT b. fMRI c. PET d. rCBF 108. An electroencephalograph measures ____. a. action potentials in an individual neuron b. the electrical resistance of hair c. the rate of glucose uptake in active regions of the brain d. the average activity of the cells in a given region of the brain d Bloom’s: Understand Recording Brain Activity KALA.BIOP.16.03.0 5 - Cite examples of several methods for studying the relationship between brain activity and behavior. 3.3 Research Methods 109. Evoked potentials in the brain are most likely to be detected by a(n) ____. a. CAT scan b. MRI c. EEG d. PET scan 110. Which method is dependent upon injecting a radioactive chemical into the blood to measure blood flow? a. fMRI b. PET c. CAT d. magnetic stimulation 111. Which technique is dependent upon the release of oxygen from hemoglobin molecules? a. PET b. rCBF c. MRI d. fMRI 112. A stereotaxic instrument would most likely be used for ____. a. placing an electrode in the brain b. assessing regional blood flow c. testing reflexes d. measuring blood pressure 113. How does the method of transcranial magnetic stimulation of brain areas differ from magnetic inactivation? a. Brain activation results from long, intense magnetic stimulation. b. Brain inactivation results from mild, brief magnetic stimulation. c. Brain inactivation results as the magnets are simply reversed. d. Brain activation results from mild, brief magnetic stimulation. 114. Thus far, it appears that the brain feature most strongly correlated with IQ in humans is the ____. a. volume of the hippocampus b. brain-to-body ratio c. brain weight d. amount of gray matter 115. Women on the average have a greater density of neurons in part of the ____. a. hippocampus b. temporal lobe c. frontal lobe d. gray matter Essay 116. Organize the following divisions of the nervous system in a hierarchy to show the relationships between them: central, peripheral, autonomic, sympathetic, parasympathetic, and somatic. 117. Name and describe two different methods for measuring brain function (not anatomy). 118. Describe the basic anatomy and function of the spinal cord. 119. Describe the basic functions and components of the autonomic nervous system. 120. Briefly describe the main categories of methods for studying brain function.

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