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G150/PHA1500 Module 06 Final Exam(Graded a "A")

• Question 1 Which plane divides the body/organ into anterior and posterior sections? • Question 2 Which plane divides the body/organ into superior and inferior sections? • Question 3 Which term best describes the body maintaining a constant internal balance despite changes in the external environment? • Question 4 Physiology refers to the study of the body’s structure, whereas anatomy refers to the study of the body’s function. • Question 5 The axilla region is medial compared to the nose. • Question 6 What organelle or structure is the DNA, our genetic material, found within? • Question 7 Which phase of the cell cycle does the cell divide into two new cells? • Question 8 What is the state of balance in which the body’s internal environment (factors) remains within normal ranges? • Question 9 Which organelle is responsible for producing our body’s energy source, ATP? •question 10 Where is our body’s DNA, genetic material, located? Question 11 Which cellular structure is selectively permeable for specific items to freely pass through it? • Question 12 The processes of diffusion and osmosis require energy, ATP, for it to occur. • Question 13 Cells have to replicate, or make a copy of, their DNA prior to going through mitosis and dividing into two new cells. • Question 14 Which type of tissue allows for allows for the transmission of electrical impulses that provide communication signals with the body? • Question 15 Which type of tissues lines hollow organs, covers the outer surface of the skin and functions to provide protection or allow for absorption and secretion of substances? • Question 16 What statement is true of the skin? • Question 17 A permanent tattoo will have ink in which layer or layers of the skin? • Question 18 Which type of skin cell is involved in regulating our overall skin tone and color? • Question 19 Blood cell production is a function of the skeletal system. • Question 20 A sarcomere stores calcium within the muscle cell. • question 21 What term is given to the end of long bones? • Question 22 Which section of the vertebral column contains seven vertebrae? • Question 23Which plane divides the body/organ into anterior and posterior sections? Calcium is a vital component for muscle contraction to occur. • Question 24 Osteoporosis is a bone disease that occurs when bone tissue loses enough mass to become extremely brittle. • Question 25 What best describes a muscle fascicle? • Question 26 ATP is needed in muscle contraction for what process? • Question 27 Muscle cells are filled with specialized proteins that allow for contraction to occur. • Question 28 Which neurons carry information from the central nervous system to the target gland, organ, or muscle? • Question 29 Which cerebral lobe of the brain is involved in our ability to see? • Question 30 Which region of the brain is involved in coordinated movement of large muscle groups, posture, and balance? • Question 31 The sympathetic nervous system will cause an increase to the heart rate and respiration rate. It will also cause the pupils to dilate. • Question 32 What lobe of the cerebrum controls our consciousness, intelligence and conscious movement of muscles? • Question 33 A neurotransmitter is a chemical released from the soma (cell body) of the neuron. • Question 34 The spinal cord transmits information from the body to the brain only. • Question 35 Which region of the brain controls primitive functions of the body such as respiration rate, heart rate, sneezing, and coughing? • Question 36 Which hormone controls the body’s metabolism? • Question 37 Which endocrine gland secretes hormones that help the body adapt to stressful situations and release hormones that can reduce inflammation? • Question 38 The hormone insulin increases blood glucose (sugar) levels. • Question 39 Which receptors respond to factors such as pressure and stretch? • Question 40 Pain originating from the skin or joint that’s perceived as pain coming from an organ, such as the liver, is called referred pain. • Question 41 The general senses are only found in localized areas of the body, such as the head, and includes pain, touch, and temperature sensation. • Question 42 What endocrine gland secretes a hormone that increases the blood calcium levels? • Question 43 What blood vessel carries blood away from the heart out to the body and typically carries oxygenated blood? • Question 44 What blood vessel carries blood back to the heart? • Question 45 Which type of blood vessel allows nutrient exchange between the blood vessel and body’s cells and tissues? • Question 46 Which heart chamber receives deoxygenated blood from the body? • Question 47 1 Which heart chamber will pump oxygenated blood out to the body? • Question 48 The AV bundle, also called the pacemaker, assists in setting the heart rate of the heart? • Question 49 What type of blood cell assists in transporting oxygen throughout the body? • Question 50 What statement is true of type A blood type? • Question 51 Which disorder is characterized by an excessive white blood cell count? • Question 52 The myocardium of the heart contains the heart muscle that allows for muscle contraction. • Question 53 Congestive heart failure occurs when a ventricle fails to effectively pump blood. • Question 54 When the immune system overreacts to a normal, non-harmful antigen as in the case of allergies, what type of immune disorder is this called? • Question 55 When the immune system is weaken and cannot optimally perform is normal function, what type of immune disorder is this called? • Question 56 When a person contracts and gets a cold or infection, what type of immunity is this? • Question 57 Specific immunity is more effective when it has been previously been exposed to a specific bacteria or virus. • Question 58 The pancreas makes bile and stores in the gallbladder, which assists in the digestion of lipids (fat). • Question 59 The majority of nutrient absorption occurs in what digestive organ? • Question 60 Which nutrient is the primary source of energy (ATP) production for the body? • Question 61 The diaphragm and abdominal muscles are the main muscle that initiates the pulmonary respiration process to occur. • Question 62 Where does gas exchange occur within the respiratory system? • Question 63 What part of the nephron is involved in the glomerular filtration process of urine formation? • Question 64 The ureter transport urine from the bladder to the outside or external portion of the body. • Question 65 The stomach main function is to mechanical digest food into a substance called chyme. • Question 66 It is the inner layer of the vagina that is sloughed off during the uterine (menstrual) cycle. • Question 67 What organ will produce estrogen and progesterone in the female reproductive system? • Question 68 Fertilization of an egg typically occurs here (first answer), while implantation of a fertilized egg occurs here (second answer)? • Question 69 What statement best describes the role of the epididymis? • Question 70 What is not an obstacle sperm face within the female reproductive system? • Question 71 Which organ of the female reproductive system produces the eggs and sex hormones estrogen and progesterone? • Question 72 The primary organ of the digestive system that produces digestive enzymes is the: • Question 73 What structure secretes progesterone during the last half of the ovarian cycle? • Question 74 Which type of nutrient is considered sugars and is the primary energy source for the body? • Question 75 Mechanical digestion is dependent upon digestive enzymes.

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