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Informatics midterm chapter 1/2/3/5/6/7/8/9

INFORMATION When a nurse creates new knowledge by changing and evolving knowledge based on experience education and input from others he/she is GENERATING KNOWLEDGE GENERATING KNOWLEDGE According to the American nurses association, nursing is a) Protection, promotion, optimization of health and abilities. b) The prevention of illness and injury. c) The alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response. d) Advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, populations. Presenting a research project at a national conference is an example of... Wisdom a) Knowledge applied in a practical way or translated into actions b) Insight to exercise sound judgement in practical matters c) The synthesis of our experience, insight, understanding, and knowledge. d) Knowing when and how to apply knowledge As the nurses work with information and generate information and knowledge as a product they can be described as Knowledge workers Knowledge Transparency Nursing Science is practiced by a) Nurse educators b) Nurse resource searchers. c) Clinical nurses. d) Nurse practitioners. FEEDBACK RAW FACTS IS Which makes information valuable, and meaningful a) Accessible and accurate. b) Timely and complete c) Reliable and relevant Characteristics of valuable, quality information Data integrity can be compromised through a) Human errors or hackers b) Transmission errors Data are dirty when there are errors such as a) Duplicate entries b) Incomplete or outdated records TRUE OR FALSE: Information science is a science of information, studying the application and usage of information, and knowledge in organizations in the interfacing of interactions between people organizations and organization systems. Combinations of hardware, software and telecommunications networks that people build and use to collect, create, and distribute useful data, typically in organizational settings Acquires data or inputs; processes data that consists of the retrieval, analysis, and/or synthesis of data; disseminates or outputs in the form of reports, documents, summaries, alerts, prompts, and/or outcomes; and provides for responses or feedback Capability to disseminate, provide feedback, and adjust the data and information based on certain dynamic processes are what sets them apart & should be a user-friendly entity that provides the right information at the right time and in the right place. The discipline of _________ is introduced through a focus on computers and the hardware and software that make up these evolving systems. _____________offers extremely valuable tools that, if used skillfully, can facilitate the acquisition and manipulation of data and information by nurses, who can then synthesize these into an evolving knowledge and wisdom base. TRUE OR FALSE: Latent information is obvious or clearly apparent. TRUE OR FALSE: Manifest information is that which is not yet realized or apparent. INFORMATION THAT IS RECOGNIZED IS TRUE OR FALSE: computer science offers extremely valuable tools, if used skillfully, can facilitate the acquisition and manipulation of data and information by nurses who can then synthesize these into an evolving knowledge and wisdom base. Computer Science can facilitate a) Acquisition of data and information by nurses b) The manipulation of data and information by nurses. Computer Technology has ushered in what has been called the information age, an age when: Essentially, a computer is: a) An input, output system b) An electronic information processing machine that serves as a tool to manipulate data and information. c) A machine that accepts data inputted via a variety of devices, processes data through logical and arithmetic rendering, stores the data in memory components, and outputs data and information to the user. Which of the following statements are correct about the input components of computers: a) They include the keyboard, mouse, joysticks, game controllers, pads, webcams, styluses, images, scanners for copying, or other plug and play input devices such as digital cameras, digital video, etc. b) Input devices are the origin or medium used to input text, visual audio, multimedia data, into the computer system for viewing and listening. c) The two primary input devices on a computer, the keyboard and the mouse. TRUE or FALSE: Input components of computers include: keyboard, mouse, joysticks, game controllers, pads, webcams, styluses, images, scanners for copying, or other plug and play input devices such as digital cameras, digital video, etc. TRUE or FALSE about input components of computers: Input devices are the origin or medium used to input text, visual audio, multimedia data, into the computer system for viewing and listening. TRUE or FALSE about input components of computers: The two primary input devices on a computer, the keyboard and the mouse. How would you best describe throughput or processing components of computers: Ethics is described as An ethics approach that was applied to relatively homogeneous society where beliefs were similar and majority of societal members shared common values is known as... Case based ethical reasoning that considers the facts of a case in sound and logical order or structured manner is known as Adhering to promises is... Two ethics approaches that emphasize the consideration for human needs and responsibilities to meet needs are New technologies in digital communications such as the electronic health record and tele-health raise issues related to... The main goal of any ethical decision is to When a health care agencies provides access to health information on websites, they... Discreet entities that are described objectively without an interpretation is [which one would you not change] you are a nursing grad and you have permission to use a data warehouse at the medical center that you are in, you query the database on the computer and organize the results in tables. At this point in the process, what are you working with? You spend the next several weeks reviewing the results of the database query and write a paper that synthesizes and discusses your findings...what are you sharing? Committee on nursing practice information infrastructure (CNPII) is committed to developing a universal language of nursing terminology, this work will help to... Term to denote the interaction of humans with physical attributes of equipment or the interaction of humans and the arrangement of equipment in the work environment is.... If you're a nurse in a medical center and you are trying to get into the electronic health records to get information for family members but you are having difficulty finding information. This is a problem in..... When a nurse goes through electronic health records, it gives her some suggestions for familial support...this decision support system provides different things....as a nurse decides which approach is best in this situation, she is acting on the basis of what? wisdom: appropriate application of knowledge to the management and solution of human problems. wisdom Nurses are knowledge workers. Knowledge work is What term is described below: a. is an established & ever evolving profession that began when computers were introduced into healthcare b. contributes to healthcare informatics c. is important to nursing and healthcare as it focuses on representing data information The roles that the informatics nurse specialist (INS) may engage in are numerous. One position that the informatics nurse specialist do quite well is in the role of .... TRUE or FALSE Informatics practices support nurses to effectively and safely care for their patients as the information they need is made more readily available. TRUE or FALSE: NURSE INFORMATICS SPECIALTY nurses have been actively involved in this field since computers have been introduced into healthcare. TRUE or FALSE with the advent of the electronic health record it became apparent that nursing needed to develop its own terminology. TRUE or FALSE: NURSE INFORMATICS SPECIALTY consists of informatics practices which support nurses to effectively and safely care for their patients as the information they need is made more readily available. TRUE or FALSE: nurses have been actively involved in nurse informatics specialty since computers have been introduced into healthcare. TRUE or FALSE: NURSE INFORMATICS SPECIALTY : with the advent of the electronic health record it became apparent that nursing needed to develop its own terminology. The standardization of nursing terminology is most critical for what? THE FOLLOWING ARE FOUND IN A... a. computerized alerts and reminders. b. clinical guidelines c. clinical order sets and protocols the following are typically found in a _________ a. computerized alerts and reminders. b. clinical guidelines c. clinical order sets and protocols technology tools that support quality practice and information intensive complex healthcare environments also promote... knowledge based practices. TRUE or FALSE: new technologies that support data capturing, aggregation, and analysis promote the generation of new clinical knowledge. TRUE or FALSE: biometrics or voice to text software & barcode technologies are all examples CIS/COMPUTER INFORMATION SYSTEM outputs... TRUE or FALSE: nurses who are comfortable operating a computer immediately grasp transformative roles of the nurse informatics in practice ... TRUE or FALSE: a nursing terminology is a body of the terms used in nursing. There are many nursing terminologies, formal and informal... What supports the use and exchange of information to do the following? a. improve healthcare quality b. reduce cost of healthcare and better secure patient health information c. improve people's health by promoting prevention, early detection, & management of chronic diseases d. protect public health by fostering early detection and rapid response to infectious diseases, bio-terrorism and other situations The HIT/health information technology infrastructure also supports the use and exchange of information in order to... Developing a national health informational technology infrastructure is an enormous and extremely complex undertaking that requires what 3 things? What organization had these intents a. curtail healthcare fraud and abuse and enforce standards for health information b. guarantee the security and privacy of health information c. to ensure health insurance portability from employed persons What three things are HIPPA's intent? a. curtail healthcare fraud and abuse and enforce standards for health information b. guarantee the security and privacy of health information c. to ensure health insurance portability from employed persons Data that are relevant and accurately represent their corresponding concepts. TRUE or FALSE: Information science enables the processing of information The study and formulation of healthcare ethics. _________takes on relevant ethical problems experienced by health care providers in the provision of care to individuals and groups. _______ dilemmas arise when moral issues raise questions that cannot be answered with a simple, clearly defined rule, fact or authoritative view. ______dilemmas occur when some evidence indicates that an act is morally right and some evidence indicates the act is morally wrong; yet the evidence on both sides is inconclusive; or an individual believes that on moral grounds, he or she cannot commit an act The process of making informed choices about ethical dilemmas based on a set of standards differentiating right from wrong. ________ arose as societies became more heterogeneous and members began experiencing a diversity of incompatible beliefs and values. ________ were expansive enough to be shared by all rational individuals, regardless of their background and individual beliefs. ______ is based on Autonomy--free-will or agency, Beneficence--to do good, Nonmaleficence--not to harm, and Justice--social distribution of benefits and burdens. Principlism is based on what 4 things Principalism is based on _________ or free-will or agency, Beneficence--to do good, Nonmaleficence--not to harm, and Justice--social distribution of benefits and burdens. Principalism is based on _________ or to do good. Principalism is based on _________ or not to harm Principalism is based on _________ or social distribution of benefits and burdens. ________ is Prompted by expansive technological changes and associated ethical dilemmas the __________approach to ethical decision-making grew out of the concern for more concrete methods of examining ethical dilemmas. The Husted Bioethical decision-making Model is based on what six contemporary bioethical standards: The __________ model centers on the health care professional's implicit agreement with patient/client The ________ Contemporary Bioethical Standard is the Right of an individual to choose for her/himself. The ________ Contemporary Bioethical Standard is the Ability and right to make choices The ________ Contemporary Bioethical Standard is the Right to truth/truthfulness. The ________ Contemporary Bioethical Standard is related to personal information, and rules that restrict access to this personal information. The ________ Contemporary Bioethical Standard Refers to actions performed that contribute to the welfare of others. The ________ Contemporary Bioethical Standard involves Being faithful to what has been promised. _________ focuses on what is known _____ focuses on the appropriate application of knowledge _______ is gained by the ability to extract data that specifically defines nursing phenomena. The metaparadigm of nursing comprises four key concepts ________in informatics is the ability of the NIS to evaluate the documentation drawn from a Health Information System (HIS) and the ability to adapt or change the system settings or parameters to improve the workflow of the clinical nurse. __________is described as an array of decisions that include specific behaviors, as well as cognitive processes surrounding a cluster of issues.

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