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NUR 1172 Nutrition Exam 2 (Latest) Rasmussen College

NUR 1172 Nutrition Exam 2 (Latest) Rasmussen College Term:A client has been in the hospital for the past three days and the nurse has initiated the NutritionCare Process (NCP). The nurse has completed the Nutrition Assessment and is now identifying andlabeling the problems, determining the cause/contributing risk factors, and clustering signs andsymptoms for this client. What step is the nurse at in the NCP?Definition:Nutrition DiagnosisTerm:A patient has been advised to take an iron supplement. Which of the following vitamins increasesthe absorption of iron?Definition:Vitamin CTerm:A potassium intake of 4700 mg/day is recommended for all adults. Where is the majority of potassium located in the body.Definition:Intracellular FluidTerm:Beriberi is a disease that results from a deficiency of which water-soluble vitamin?Definition:ThiaminTerm:False claims regarding certain foods, supplements or medicines can be dangerous. What is one ofthe greatest dangers to individuals practicing unfounded nutritional habits?Definition:Appropriate medical interventions may be delayedTerm:Hormones can influence water balance. Identify two influential hormones that affect the balance of body water.Definition:Antidiuretic Hormone and aldosteroneTerm:In recent years there have been several reports of major food infection outbreaks. Which bacteriumcauses an infection after the consumption of raw or undercooked ground beef?DnlnnlsAJ A m-.•u-u•.Definition:E. ColiTerm:In the acute care setting a nutritional screen is required and must be completed within how manyhours following admission?Definition:24Term:Iron plays an important role in which metabolic function?Definition:Oxygen transportTerm:Minerals are classified as major minerals and trace elements. Select the item that lists two of thetrace elements.Definition:Iron and zincTerm:Most Americans consume more than the recommended 1500 mg of sodium. What is the majorsource of sodium in the United States?Definition:Processed foodsTerm:Most individuals get the required daily amount (RDA) of Vitamin D from fortified milk and sunexposure. What disease is making a comeback when breastfeed infants do not receive Vitamin Dsupplements?Definition:RicketsTerm:Select the preferred method of providing nutrition to clients in the acute care setting.Definition:OralTerm:The Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) for calcium increases for which group of individuals over the ageof 50?Definition:Women onlyTerm:The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) is an assessment tool to detect undernutrition for which agegroup?Definition:Older adultsTerm:The United States Department of Agriculture is focused on the following areas related to foods andnutrition. Select the correct answer.Definition:Food, diet, dietary guidelines, and the federal program "My Plate"Term:The ability of the eye to adapt to changes in light depends on the light-sensitive pigment, rhodopsin, located in the rods of the retina. Normal rhodopsin cannot be formed when what vitamin isdeficient in a person's diet?Definition:Vitamin ATerm:The nurse is providing a nutrition education program for a client who has a diagnosis ofosteoporosis. The nurse can confirm that the client understands the teaching when the client statesthe following will increase calcium absorption.Definition:Vitamin DTerm:The nurse teaches the client the role of vitamin D. Which statement by the client about vitamin Dindicates that the teaching has been effective?Definition:"lt is associated with calcium and helps build bone."Term:The term evidence-based practice has become a crucial component of healthcare. What is the FIRST step in this processDefinition:Identify the problemTerm:There are two forces controlling body water distribution. Identify these two forces.CAIAP AA A ncuraroDefinition:Solutes and membranesTerm:To be classified as a vitamin, a compound has to meet three (3) criteria. Which of the following is NOT a requirement go be classified as a vitamin?Definition:It is required in large quantities.Term:Vitamins are classified as fat-soluble or water-soluble. Select the item that lists only fat-solublevitamins.Definition:A, D and ETerm:Waist circumference is used to classify overweight and obesity as well as to estimate disease risk.What waist circumference indicates that a client is at risk for disease?Definition:Greater than 40 inches in men and greater than 35 inches in womenTerm:What are the three functions of nutrients for the body? Select the answer below.Definition:Provide energy, build and repair body tissues, metabolic regulationTerm:What do nutritional and medical authorities agree is the optimal single food for an infant during thefirst 6 to 7 months of life?Definition:Human breast milkTerm:What federal agency is responsible for food health claims, food and drug education, false advertisingand the review of food labels?Definition:Food and Drug AdministrationTerm:What foods would be included on a clear liquid diet?Definition:Broth, plain gelatin, apple juice, and teaTerm:What is considered a normal Body Mass Index (BMI)Definition:18•5•24.9Term:What is the MOST IMPORTANT reason for a nutrition screen to be performed?Definition:Identify clients who have or are at risk for nutrition problemsTerm:What is the primary defense to prevent contacting or spreading food borne illnesses?Definition:Washing your handsTerm:What is the purpose of performing a nutritional screen on an older adult?Definition:Identify individuals at risk for malnutritionTerm:What is the unit of measurement used by nutritionists to describe the energy content of food?Definition:KilocalorieTerm:What model does the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics recommend using to provide nutrition carefor clients?Definition:Nutrition Care Process ModelTerm:When does the aging process begin?Definition:ConceptionTerm:When performing a nutrition assessment on an older adult, the nurse asks the client about recent weight loss. Based on the client's response, the nurse is able to determine that the patient unintentionally has lost 5% of their weight in the last month. What is the relevance of this weightloss?Definition:It may be a clue to depression or a wasting disease such as cancer.Term:When taking a patient's history for a nutritional assessment, the client states "I do not take any medication. I only take herbal supplements." What response by the nurse would be appropriate?Definition:"Herbal supplements may react with other medications and food."Term:When working with infants, children, and their nutrition, what is the most sensitive indicator ofgrowth and development?Definition:Length and stature (height)Term:Which clinical observation is a sign of good nutritional status?Definition:Firm muscle toneTerm:Which fat-soluble vitamin is associated with the synthesis of blood clotting factors in the liver?Definition:Vitamin KTerm:Which food selection is high in Vitamin E?Definition:Spinach salad with safflower oil dressingTerm:Which government agency is responsible for tracking and reporting the incidence of foodborneillnesses?Definition:Centers for Disease Control & PreventionTerm:Which of the following is a normal physiologic change that occurs in pregnancy?Definition:Increased blood volumeTerm:Which of the following is true concerning organic foods?Definition:They are grown without the use of pesticides and herbicides.Term:Which of the following is true regarding BMI (Body Mass Index)?Definition:BMI may overestimate body fat in clients with a muscular buildTerm:Which of the following personal habits should be discouraged during pregnancy?Definition:SmokingTerm:Which of the following will most likely enhance the successof a client's nutrition therapy?Definition:Including food preferencesTerm:Which structure is responsible for providing fetal nourishment?Definition:PlacentaTerm:Which term refers to the state of dynamic equilibrium within the internal environment of the body resulting in a balance of physiologic metabolism?Definition:HomeostasisTerm:Why is it important for a client with a chronic disease to maximize the quality of their nutritionalintake?Definition:Proper nutrition can improve the body's response to disease and improve clinicaloutcomes

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