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Bt-Morphology. 100%

1. Consider the following words and answer the questions below Fly Desks Untie Tree Dislike Reuse Triumphed Delight Justly Payment Spiteful Suite Fastest Deform Disobey Preplan Optionality Prettier Mistreat Premature All but one of the following Persian words consist of more than one morpheme. (Note: There is no overt morpheme for the third person singular pronoun ‘he’, so the word [xarid] contains only one morpheme). I. Try to match each of the following notions with a morpheme in the Persian data. How would you say the following in Persian? a. They were buying b. You (sg) did not buy c. You (sg) were buying 3. The following Turkish data involves allomorphic variationI. Identify the Turkish morpheme meaning ‘in/at’. ‘a restaurant’ a door’an appointment’ ‘a head’ II. Does this morpheme have more than one allomorph? III. If so, what are the allomorphs? Describe their distribution as generally as possible.  The Turkish morpheme meaning ‘in/at’ have more than one allomorph. Those are ‘da’ and ‘ta’. When you are in/at a place, you would use the allomorph ‘da’. When you want to point in/at something, you would you the allomorph ‘ta’. I. Draw a tree structure for each word. II. For the word optionality, what is the base for the affix -ion? What is the base for the suffix -ity? Are either of these bases also the root for the entire word? If so, which one? Opt is base for the affix –ion. Optional is base for the suffix –ity. 5. Each of the following columns illustrates a different morphological process a. Mouse/mice Mouse/mice Eat/ate Take/took Goose/geese Dive/dove What morphological process is at work in column 1? Column 2? II. Describe in your own words the difference between the process exemplified in column 1 verus that in column 2. III. Think of at least one more English example to add to each column. Examples: Sing/song Wolf/wolves Column 1 Man/men The following words can be either nouns or verbs. . record f. outline k. report b. journey g. convict l. outrage c. exchange h. imprint m. answer d. remark i. reprint n. import e. surprise j. retreat o. cripple I. For each word, determine whether stress placement can be used to make the distinction between noun or verb. óutrage ( ímprint cónvict récord ímport Think of two more English examples illustrating the process of stress shift to mark a category distinction. Affect: /əˈfɛkt/ (verb) means “to influence”. (noun) is used in psychology for “a subjective feeling experienced in response to a stimulus”. Decrease: /dɪˈkriːs/ (verb) means “to become smaller”. /ˈdiːkriːs/ (noun) is “a reduction”. The following Samoan data illustrates one of the morphological processes discussed in this chapter. What morphological process is illustrated by these data? Describe how this process works. The following data from Agta (spoken in the Philippines) illustrates a specific type of affix [dakal] ‘big’ [darág] ‘red’ What is the affix in Agta meaning ‘become X’? furáw] ‘white’ What type of affix is it? Describe its placement. 9. The following words from Chamorro, spoken in Guam and the Mariana Islands, illustrate some of the morphological processes described in this chapter. i. What morphological process is involved in I? In II? In III? Do any changes in lexical category take place in I? in II? In III? Formulate a general statement as to how the derived words in I are formed. Does the same apply to the derived words in III? If not, how would you change the statement to account for the forms in III? Does the affix in II have more than one allomorph? If so what are the allomorphs? What is their distribution? In II the affix has an allomorph. This is -on. It is added at the end of the word. 10. In this chapter, an argument was presented in favor of the following structure for the word unhappiness. Using the same type of argument, justify tree structures for the words unforgiving, replacement, and redefinable. (Hint: This will involve determining the type of syntactic category with which the affixes in words can combine; In English, the suffix -er can be added to a place name, Examine the words in the two columns below. . In general terms, what does the suffix -er mean in these words? How is this -er different in meaning from the -er found in the words skater and walker? → Skater only refers to the person. But walker refers to not only people but also thing. c. As shown in Column 2, the distribution of -er in the above data is restricted in some way. State the constraint illustrated above in your own words. d. Does constraint also apply to the type of -er used in the word skater ? (Hint: What would you call “ one who discovers” or “one who ploughs”?) 12. The following words have all been formed by compounding. Drawing a tree structure for each word. If you are in doubt as to lexical category of the compound, remember that the category of the head determines the category of the word. The words in column 2 have been created from the corresponding word in column 1. Indicate the word formation process responsible for the creation of each word in column 2. Here are five instances where a new word is needed. Create a word for each of these definitions using the word formation process suggest. Fill in the blanks with your new words. 15. Create new words for each of the following situations. Determine whether the words in each of the following groups are related to one another by processes of inflection or derivation. Use a product name...for the act of scrubbing with Ajax. Have you done your Use clipping...for a He’s going to Use a proper name ajaxed the tub Use derivation ‘ The counsellor Use a blend....... I'll have a milknut and two peanut butter cookies, please." for a hot drink made with milk and nutmeg. go, goes, going, gone Determine whether the words in each of the following groups are related to one another by processes of inflection or derivation. . discover, discovery, discoverer, discoverable, discoverability : lovely, lovelier, loveliest : democracy, democrat, democratic, democratize : inventor, inventor's, inventors, inventors' :

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