NSG 6001 Final Exam (Latest) South University (GRADED A) 2019 - $35.49   Add to cart

Looking for more study guides & notes to pass NSG6001? Find more study material on our NSG6001 overview page 

Exam

NSG 6001 Final Exam (Latest) South University (GRADED A) 2019

NSG 6001 Final Exam (Latest) South University (GRADED A) 2019 1.Question :More than half of all cardiac arrhythmias involve the atria. Student Answer:False True (This is a true statement: more than half of all cardiac arrhythmias involve the atria.) Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 2.Question :What are the most common symptoms caused by tachyarrhythmias? Student Answer:Sweating Thirst Palpitations (The most common symptoms caused by tachyarrhythmias are palpitations.) Headaches Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 3.Question :For women with known CAD and diabetes, which is most appropriate to assess CAD risk? Student Answer:ETT Coronary bypass surgery Coronary catheterization ETT with imaging (ETT with imaging is most appropriate to assess CAD risk.) Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 4.Question :Of the following, which is the best answer when asked for an advantage of echocardiogram exercise testing over thallium stress testing? Student Answer:Does not depend on operator experience Costs are the same Results are available more quickly (Echocardiogram exercise test results are available more quickly.) Doesn’t matter because there are no advantages Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 5.Question :Your patient has uncomplicated pyelonephritis. In deciding your recommended treatment, you consider the most common pathogenic reason for this diagnosis. What pathogen accounts for the majority of pyelonephritis? Student Answer:E. Coli (E. Coli is the pathogen that accounts for the majority of pyelonephritis.) Gardnerella Vaginalis Mycoplasma Hominis Chlamydia Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 6.Question :What purpose does the principle of fidelity serve in the provider/patient relationship? Student Answer:Ensures that providers honor their commitments to the patient (The principle of fidelity mandate assures that providers honor their commitments to the patient. ) Obligates the provider to a one-on-one relationship with the individual Ensures that patients receive whatever they want Maintains costs in the healthcare arena Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 7.Question :In CAD, after both systolic and diastolic dysfunction have occurred, the typical pattern of chest pain and related EKG changes occur. During an EKG, you should expect to see ST-segment and T-wave changes that are central to demonstration of ischemia occurring relatively late in the ischemic cascade. Is this true or false? Student Answer:True (This is a true statement. During an EKG, you should expect to see ST-segment and T-wave changes that are central to demonstration of ischemia occurring relatively late in the ischemic cascade. ) False Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 8.Question :The leads on the ECG showing ischemic changes during or immediately after an ETT can correlate roughly to the culprit artery or arteries with significant CAD. Is this true or false? Student Answer:False True (This statement is true: the leads on the ECG showing ischemic changes during or immediately after an ETT can correlate roughly to the culprit artery or arteries with significant CAD. ) Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 9.Question :Skin cancer is the most common malignant neoplasm in males in the US. What is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in men greater than 50 years of age? Student Answer:Prostate cancer (The second leading cause of cancer deaths in men greater than 50 years of age is prostate cancer.) Lung cancer Lymphoma Lupus Points Received:0 of 5 Comments:Question 10.Question :What ECG changes can reduce the specificity of the ETT? Student Answer:Exercise induced bundle branch blocks Paced rhythm and resting bundle branch block (The ECG changes that can reduce the specificity of the ETT are paced rhythm and resting bundle branch block. ) Paced rhythm and exercise induced bundle branch blocks Low voltage up sloping of the ST-segment Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 11.Question :You have confirmed that your patient does indeed have an abdominal aortic aneurysm. In teaching your patient about symptoms to report immediately to the vascular surgeon, you instruct the patient to report which of the following? Student Answer:Newly diagnosed diabetes Back pain or flank pain (In teaching your patient about symptoms to report immediately to the vascular surgeon, you instruct the patient to report back pain or flank pain.) Visual disturbances Headaches Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 12.Question :What is one of the common causes of a Saccular Abdominal Aneurysm? Student Answer:Poor kidney functioning Age Drugs: illicit and prescribed Trauma (One of the common causes of a saccular abdominal aneurysm is trauma.) Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 13.Question :The diagnostic accuracy of stress testing is decreased among women compared to men for what reasons? Student Answer:Women having thinner ventricular and septal muscles Women usually have single vessel or non-obstructive disease (The diagnostic accuracy of stress testing is decreased among women compared to men because women usually have single vessel or non-obstructive disease.) Women cannot exercise as vigorously as men Women typically have multiple vessel disease Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 14.Question :Population disease management is a term used to describe: Student Answer:High specificity disease states Low specificity diseases states Low prevalence specific diseases High prevalence specific diseases (Population disease management is a term used to describe the high prevalence of specific diseases. ) Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 15.Question :You receive a report back on the suspected abdominal aortic aneurysm for your patient. It confirms your suspicion of AAA. The report describes the aneurysm as a symmetric weakness of the entire circumference of the aorta. You know that this form of aneurysm is referred to as what kind of aneurysm? Student Answer:Thoracic aneurysm Budging sac aneurysm Saccular aneurysm Fusiform aneurysm (This form of aneurysm is referred to as a fusiform aneurysm.) Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 16.Question :Your practice partner just ordered an exercise echocardiography 2DE for a patient with suspected cardiovascular risk. This patient has known resting wall motion abnormalities. Why would this not be the best test to assess this patient’s cardiac risk? Student Answer:Sensitivity is increased Sensitivity is decreased (This would not be the best test to assess this patient’s cardiac risk because sensitivity is decreased. ) Specificity is increased Specificity is decreased Points Received:0 of 5 Comments:Question 17.Question :Your 60-year old male patient arrives for his appointment. He complains of general malaise and fever over the past several days with low back pain. He also states that he is getting up at night more often to urinate and never feels his bladder is completely empty. What differential diagnosis should you consider in this patient? Student Answer:Acute viral prostatitis Stomach virus Acute bacterial prostatitis (Acute bacterial prostatitis is the correct answer.) BPH only Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 18.Question :We all know that collaboration is integral to becoming a successful nurse practitioner. Among collaborations, however, only one can be considered as the most important. While each example below is important, which is the most important collaboration? The one that occurs: Student Answer:Between the nurse practitioner and their physician mentor Between two healthcare providers about a single patient Between the patient and their family Between the patient and the nurse practitioner (The collaboration that is most important is the one that occurs between the patient and the nurse practitioner. ) Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 19.Question :The sensitivity of a routine ETT is effort dependent. What physiological changes occur during effort in the routine ETT? Student Answer:Rapid heart rates and coronary artery narrowing Decrease in coronary blood flow Decreased heart rate and increased systolic blood pressure Increased coronary flow and increased systolic blood pressure (The physiological changes that occur during effort in the routine ETT are increased coronary flow and increased systolic blood pressure.) Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 20.Question :A 47-year old female with general complaints of fatigue and shortness of breath shows up in your clinic as a referral from another nurse practitioner. Several blood tests and chest x-rays have been completed without any diagnosis or outstanding abnormalities. You decide to order an ETT despite the fact that the recent ECG does not show any abnormalities. From the answers below, which would be the best answer to support your decision? Student Answer:You are out of other options CAD in women is under diagnosed (You make this choice because you are aware that CAD in women is under diagnosed.) To please the patient Women present with the same pattern of CAD as do males Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 21.Question :Your patient underwent an exercise stress test for CAD. There is significant elevation of the ST-segment. What do you need to know about these changes to manage your patient’s care? Student Answer:This patient needs to see someone more experienced in treatment of CAD These changes are predictive of myocardial infarction These changes have minimal predictive value for CAD (Significant elevation of the ST-segment has minimal predictive value for CAD. ) These changes predict dire outcomes Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 22.Question :When there is a consequential loss of structural integrity of the abdominal aorta, the resulting issue is what condition? Student Answer:Bloated stomach Kidney failure Bleeding ulcers Abdominal aortic aneurysm (When there is a consequential loss of structural integrity of the abdominal aorta, the resulting issue is abdominal aortic aneurysm.) Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 23.Question :You see a 60-year old African American male in your clinic with a recent diagnosis of hypertension. He asks you what he should restrict in his diet, and is particularly interested in limiting his sodium intake. What amount of sodium intake would you recommend on a daily basis for this patient? Student Answer:1.5 g/day (The recommended daily intake is 1.5g per day.) No added table salt 3.0 g/day 2.3 g/day Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 24.Question :Why would inability to exercise reduce the specificity of the routine ETT? Student Answer:Produces QRS changes that cannot be interpreted Produces persistent ST-segmental changes and T-wave abnormalities (The inability to exercise reduces the specificity of the routine ETT because it produces persistent ST-segmental changes and T-wave abnormalities. ) Causes ST-segment changes and P-wave abnormalities Will not produce any changes in ECG Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 25.Question :By standard criteria, how is a positive stress test defined? Student Answer:Development of a horizontal or down sloping ST-segment depression of 1mm (A positive stress test is defined as the development of a horizontal or down sloping ST-segment depression of 1mm. ) Down sloping of the ST-segment at the J point of the QRS Development of a horizontal or down sloping ST-segment depression of 10mm Upward sloping ST-segment measured at the J point of the QRS Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 26.Question :What are the two types of bradycardia recognized by the American Heart Association? Student Answer:Relative and absolute (The two types of bradycardia recognized by the American Heart Association are relative and absolute.) Absolute and pending Refractory and non-refractory Relative and dynamic Points Received:0 of 5 Comments:Question 27.Question :You see a 75-year old female in your clinic today complaining of urinary incontinence. She is otherwise healthy based upon her last visit. She states that her mother told her this would happen someday because it happens to every woman at some age. What would you tell this patient? Student Answer:This happens to all women as they age No need to worry. This is normal. Your mother was correct. This is not an expected condition related to aging. (Urinary incontinence is not an expected condition related to aging.) This happens to men as well and most women before your age. Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 28.Question :What do you know regarding ischemia that is confined to only the posterior and or lateral segments of the left ventricle? Student Answer:ETT cannot be used for detection Difficult to detect by ETT (Ischemia that is confined to only the posterior and or lateral segments of the left ventricle is difficult to detect by ETT, but that does not mean that ETT cannot detect ischemia limited to these functional areas of the heart. ) Requires both for detection of changes by ETT Easier to detect by ETT Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 29.Question :What three conditions definitely alter the results of echocardiography in determining CAD? Student Answer:Obesity, rapid heart rate and lung disease (Obesity, rapid heart rate and lung disease definitely alter the results of echocardiography in determining CAD.) Diabetes, kidney disease and tooth decay Obesity, slow heart rates and hypertension Previous MI, hypotension and diabetes Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 30.Question :Specifically, when is an ETT considered to be negative? Student Answer:Patient has ST-segmental changes with down sloping of greater than 1 mm at 50% of age-predicted maximum heart rate Patient exercises to 85% of age predicted maximum heart rate without evidence of induced ischemia (An ETT is considered to be negative when the patient exercises to 85% of age predicted maximum heart rate without evidence of induced ischemia. ) Patient exercises to 20% maximum age-predicted heart rate without induced ischemia Patient exercises until tired without evidence of induced ischemia Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 31.Question :All patients, even is asymptomatic, require risk stratification according to the Farmingham risk score. At present, ACC/AHA guidelines, however, do not normally support stress tests for asymptomatic patients without addiitonal justification. From the list below, what could be used to justify a ETT in an asymptomatic patient? Student Answer:A smoker of 3 weeks A member of congress Sedentary and wishes to begin aggressive exercise (Many patients have underlying CAD but remain asymptomatic. Before beginning any new vigorous activities after years of sedentary lifestyle, it is recommended to obtain a ETT to rule out underlying CAD.) Developmentally challenged Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 32.Question :BPH is not a risk factor for Prostate cancer. Is this statement true or false? Student Answer:True (This is a true statement: BPH is not a risk factor for Prostate cancer.) False Points Received:0 of 5 Comments:Question 33.Question :Spread of genital herpes only occurs during the time period with active lesions. Is this statement true or false? Student Answer:False (This is a false statement: spread of genital herpes only occurs during the time period with active lesions.) True Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 34.Question :Abdominal aortic aneurysms are often asymptomatic. What percent of AAA’s are discovered in asymptomatic patients? Student Answer:40% 20% 10% 75% (75% of abdominal aortic aneurysms are discovered in asymptomatic patients.) Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 35.Question :Improvements in the delivery and management of healthcare are necessary if we are to improve the overall health of this nation’s population. Which of the following are identified in your readings as strategic in the movement to improve the healthcare system? Student Answer:President and Congress Population management and healthcare practice (Population management and healthcare practice are strategic in the movement to improve the nation’s healthcare system. ) Socialized medicine and governmental controls Monetary savings and limited disruption in healthcare delivery Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 36.Question :What are the two main types of heart failure? Student Answer:Systolic and diastolic (The two main types of heart failure are systolic and diastolic.) Hopeless and severe Left sided and main End diastolic and pressure related Points Received:0 of 5 Comments:Question 37.Question :The majority of all strokes are non-ischemic. Is this statement true or false? Student Answer:False (This statement is false: the majority of all strokes are non-ischemic.) True Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 38.Question :When a murmur is first heard, it is important to determine if it is due to a pathological condition or benign. For an experienced practitioner, it is always easy to determine the cause of a murmur merely by listening to the sound. Is this statement true or false? Student Answer:True False (This statement is false: for an experienced practitioner, it is always easy to determine the cause of a murmur merely by listening to the sound) Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 39.Question :Maintenance of an Isometric ST-segment during exercise is the response of? Student Answer:A normal heart (Maintenance of an Isometric ST-segment during exercise is the response of a normal heart. ) Hypo profusion An abnormal heart CAD Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 40.Question :The goal of self-management is to specifically do what? Student Answer:Engage patients in their own care (The goal of self-management is to engage patients in their own care.) Engage insurance providers in patient care Engage providers in patient care Engage government in greater involvement in patient care Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 41.Question :Your 56-year old patient presents with bradycardia with a rate of 55 and first degree AV block. The patient is hemodynamically stable and is not experiencing any syncope or chest pain. History includes previous myocardial infarction. Home medications include beta blockers, daily aspirin. Lab work is non-significant for electrolyte imbalance. You decided to treat this patient for the arrhythmia to prevent future destabilization. From the choices below, which might be the appropriate first measure to consider? Student Answer:Add digitalis to control the heart rate Consult cardiologist immediately for guidance Discontinue Beta Blocker and replace with another therapy if necessary (The appropriate first measure to consider is to discontinue the beta blocker and replace with another therapy if necessary.) Atropine injections Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 42.Question :Your patient is morbidly obese and cannot sit on a bicycle or walk a treadmill. She also has marked and severe emphysema. You need to make an assessment of the risk of significant CAD and your patient’s family says that their relative had their diagnosis based on an ultrasound echocardiography. What facts would influence your decision regarding the family request for echo assessment? Student Answer:Sensitivity would be increased because of lung disease Specificity would be increased because of obesity Sensitivity would be reduced because of obesity and lung disease (Sensitivity would be reduced because of obesity and lung disease.) Specificity would be reduced because of obesity and lung disease Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 43.Question :You are in the clinic with your mentor observing the Echocardiogram exercise test of a 45-year old male that has been experiencing slight chest pressure almost daily during exercise. While observing your patient, your mentor points out that the left ventricle wall is thinning and there is some hyperkinesias of the ventricular wall. From your time in the clinic, you know that this test will be considered to be what type of result? Student Answer:Negative Impossible Positive (From your time in the clinic, you know because of wall thinning and hyperkinesis that this test will be considered to be positive.) Non-readable Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 44.Question :Your patient is newly diagnosed with persistent Atria Fibrillation. You consider electrocardioversion. Before undergoing this procedure you should order the following examination to assess thrombus risk. Student Answer:X-Ray of chest Tranesophageal echocardiography (Before undergoing this procedure you should order tranesophageal echocardiography to assess thrombus risk.) Ultrasound of chest CT Scan Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 45.Question :Tachyarrhythmias cause a drop in commonly blood pressure, cardiac output, syncope, shortness of breath, and chest pain. What phenomenon most often occurs during these arrhythmias to cause these symptoms? Student Answer:Shortened diastole (The phenomenon that most often occurs during these arrhythmias to cause these symptoms is shortened diastole related to the rapid heart rate. Typically, a shortened systolye would not cause as severe symptoms.) Lengthened diastole Lengthened systole Shortened systole Points Received:0 of 5 Comments:Question 46.Question :At what age is atria fibrillation most common? Student Answer:In childhood 60 years or older (Atria fibrillation most common in persons 60 years or older.) 30 years 45 years Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 47.Question :Automaticity is a property common to all cardiac cells. Is this statement true or false? Student Answer:True (This is a true statement: automaticity is a property common to all cardiac cells.) False Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 48.Question :Your patient has a maximum age-predicted heart rate of 180. During the exercise he reaches a heart rate of 140 and then states he can no longer exercise. You see evidence of ischemic changes on the ECG. This would be predictive of what condition? Student Answer:Stroke Significant CAD (This scenario is predictive of significant CAD.) Impending death Low risk of CAD Points Received:0 of 5 Comments:Question 49.Question :You tell a patient that he has a murmur. He says he has been told this before, but wonders what causes the unique sounds of a murmur. Which of the following would be your best option? Student Answer:Turbulent flow of blood (The best answer is turbulent flow of blood.) High pressures caused from HTN There is no reason, it just happens Almost always from a sclerotic valve Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 50.Question :What is the treatment of choice for uncomplicated community-acquired cystitis? Student Answer:TMP-SMZ (TMP-SMZ is the treatment of choice for uncomplicated community-acquired cystitis.) Any antibiotic will treat this diagnosis Amoxicillin Penicillin Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 51.Question :Any patient presenting with symptomatic bradycardia should be referred to a cardiologist for management. Is this statement true or false? Student Answer:False True (This statement is true: any patient presenting with symptomatic bradycardia should be referred to a cardiologist for management.) Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 52.Question :Encouragement of patients to take effective actions in their own healthcare refers to the concept of: Student Answer:Self-management support (Encouragement of patients to take effective actions in their own healthcare refers to the concept of self-management support. ) Interprofessional support Physician or provider-driven care Family care givers Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 53.Question :You are considering adding an adjunctive form of testing to detect wall motion abnormalities during the ETT. You select Echocardiography as the added testing. You choose this test because you know that echocardiography does what when added to a standard ETT? Student Answer:Enhances sensitivity and specificity of CAD detection (You choose this test because you know that echocardiography enhances sensitivity and specificity of CAD detection.) Enhances sensitivity while reducing specificity of CAD detection Enhances specificity while not changing sensitivity of detection for CAD You like pretty pictures of wall motion Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 54.Question :Medicaid is mandated to be provided by each state through federal codes. Each state must offer Medicaid exactly as the federal government prescribes. True or false? Student Answer:False (Medicaid is mandated to be provided by each state, however, Mediciad is not required to be delivered by any certain formula. Each state has autonomy to deliver Mediciad services under its own guidelines, provided that each state meets the federal guidelines for Medicaid coverage. ) True Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 55.Question :What sexually transmitted disease is most widespread in the USA today? Student Answer:Chlamydia (The most widespread sexually transmitted disease in the USA today is chlamydia.) Gonorrhea Syphilis HIV/AIDS Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 56.Question :Your preceptor decides to add Doppler Flow studies to the echocardiogram exercise test for a patient with a recent history of a holistic murmur best auscultated at the left steral boarder. The patient has no history of cardiac surgeries. He asks you what might be the main advantages of adding Doppler Flow for this particular patient. You know from your readings that there are several reasons to add Doppler Flow and below are listed more than one correct reason. Your best response for this specific case, however, would be that Doppler Flow studies would be of what additive value during the echocardiogram study? Student Answer:Detect and evaluate blood shunting from a septal defect (Your best response for this specific case, however, would be that Doppler Flow studies would detect and evaluate blood shunting from a septal defect.) No advantage is seen for this patient Gives better screen shots of wall abnormalities Provides assessment of prosthetic valve function Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 57.Question :Sexual partners of a patient with a diagnosed STI should always be examined and treated. Is this statement true or false? Student Answer:False True (This is a true statement: sexual partners of a patient with a diagnosed STI should always be examined and treated.
) Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 58.Question :Your patient presents with tachycardia. The QRS is measured at 0.10 seconds. Which of the following tachycardias would be an appropriate conclusion based on this information alone? Student Answer:Ventricular tachycardias Premature junctional contractions (Premature Junctional Contractions would be an appropriate conclusion.) Atria fibrillation Ventricular fibrillation Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 59.Question :A 65-year old white male arrives in your clinic with general complaints of slight abdominal discomfort. He has a known history of smoking two packs per day for 40 years and hypertension. He also has COPD and has been treated numerous times with oral steroids. You consider several optional diagnoses. Of the ones listed below, which should be included as a potential top suspect in your choice of diagnosis? Student Answer:Chronic bowel obstruction Meglacolon Appendicitis Abdominal aortic aneurysm (Abdominal aortic aneurysm should be included as a potential top suspect in your choice of diagnosis.) Points Received:5 of 5 Comments:Question 60.Question :What are the most common mechanisms to produce cardiac arrhythmias? Student Answer:Decreased automaticity, triggered activity or reentry Reentry, electrical dysfunction or activity Stress, hard work or swimming Enhanced automaticity, triggered activity or reentry (The most common mechanisms to produce cardiac arrhythmias are enhanced automaticity, triggered activity, or reentry.)

Preview 1 out of 30  pages

SHSU

Also available in bundle 9

9  reviews

By: nycgirl69 • 3 months ago

By: shaespivey • 3 months ago

By: chrismcdonnell • 3 months ago

By: HolawayA • 5 months ago

By: dezzerratsai • 5 months ago

By: warrensade • 5 months ago

Show more reviews  

The best study guides

Avoid resits and achieve higher grades with the best study guides, textbook notes, and class notes written by your fellow students.

Avoid resits

With the study guides and notes written by fellow students, you are guaranteed to be properly prepared for your exams. Over 350,000 specific notes are at your disposal. Your fellow students know exactly where the pitfalls lie and what the key elements will be to your success in that module. With their assistance, you can become well prepared and can avoid having to retake exams.

Get better grades

Thanks to the study guides written by fellow students specifically for your courses, you will never miss a trick when it comes to your exams. No generic book summaries, but the specific content you need to ace your exams.

Earn while you study

Have you written lots of study guides or notes? Earn hundreds of dollars each month by selling your written material to your fellow students. Last year students earned over $500,000 from selling their work to other students.

$ 35.49  12x  sold
  • (9)
>   Add