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Exam (elaborations)

NUR2571 Module 2 Quiz latest 2018

Question Question 1 A client’s urinalysis results show a protein level of 1.8 mg/dL. Which action by the nurse is best? a. Inform the health care provider. b. Ask the client about his or her protein in-take. c. Obtain the client’s weight. d. Document the finding in the chart. Question 2 Which question best assists the nurse in assessing a client with acute diarrhea? a. "Have you traveled outside the country recently?" b. "Have you had a colonoscopy lately?" c. "Do you have any trouble swallowing?" d. “Do you have any allergies?” Question 3 Which client statement indicates a good understanding regarding antibiotic therapy for recurrent urinary tract infections? a. "If my urine becomes lighter and clearer, I can stop taking my medicine." b. "Even if I feel completely well, I should take the medication until it is gone." c. "When my urine no longer burns, I will no longer need to take the antibiotics." d. “If I have a fever higher than 100° F (37.8° C), I should take twice as much medicine.” Question 4 A client with severe bacterial cystitis is prescribed cefadroxil (Duricef) and phenazopyridine (Pyridium). What statement by the client indicates an accurate understanding of these medications? a. "I will not take these drugs with food or milk." b. "I will stop these drugs if I think I am pregnant." c. "An orange color in my urine won’t alarm me." d. “I will try to drink a liter of cranberry juice daily.” Question 5 A client just experienced an episode of reflux with regurgitation. What assessment by the nurse is the priority? a. Auscultate the lungs for crackles. b. Inspect the oral cavity. c. Check the oxygen saturation. d. Teach the client to sleep sitting up. Question 6 The nurse is caring for a client who has just returned from abdominal surgery. When auscultating the client’s abdomen, the nurse does not hear any bowel sounds. Which is the nurse’s best action? a. Notify the health care provider. b. Percuss the abdomen. c. Document the finding. d. Insert a nasogastric tube. Question 7 A client scheduled for intravenous urography informs the nurse of the following allergies. Which one does the nurse report to the health care provider immediately? a. Seafood b. Penicillin c. Bee stings d. Red food dye Question 8 The female client’s urinalysis shows all the following results. Which does the nurse document as abnormal? a. pH 5.6 b. Ketone bodies present c. Specific gravity of 1.030 d. Two white blood cells per high-power field Question 9 The nurse is caring for a client with an umbilical hernia who reports increased abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. The nurse notes high-pitched bowel sounds. Which conclusion does the nurse draw from these assessment findings? a. Bowel obstruction; client should be placed on NPO status. b. Perforation of the bowel; client needs emergency surgery. c. Adhesions in the hernia; client needs elec-tive surgery. d. Hernia is dangerously enlarged; client needs a nasogastric (NG) tube. Question 10 The client is scheduled for a colonoscopy. Which statement indicates that the client needs additional teaching about the procedure? a. "I may have gas and abdominal cramps after the test." b. "I will take strong laxatives the afternoon before the test." c. "I will take my Coumadin with a sip of water tomorrow morning." d. “I will take nothing by mouth after mid-night on the day of the test.”

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