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ACBS 160D Exam

Although we can be fairly certain that the early Egyptians used donkeys to explore the western part of the Saharan desert, the harsh conditions of the desert have destroyed any and all archeological evidence of these travel routes. Around 4000 BP, the major trade route between the ancient cities of Kanesh (in Anatolia/Turkey) and Assur (in Mesopotamia/Syria). Once domesticated, camels replaced donkeys for all transport across difficult desert terrains. Even after camels were domesticated, donkeys continued to play an important role in globalization in the eastern Mediterranean world because.. (select the incorrect statement). In early Egypt, donkey caravans were important for the kingdom because they were used primarily to establish routes to the west of the Nile for acquiring slaves. The “war standard” of the ancient city of Ur (4500 BP) shows humans in early ‘chariots’ being pulled by donkeys. At ancient village sites west of the Nile, archeologists have found 3000 year old smooth limestone flakes that served as “writing pads”, which record. Although we can be fairly certain that the early Egyptians used donkeys to explore the western part of the Saharan desert, the harsh conditions of the desert have destroyed any and all archeological evidence of these travel routes. Around 4000 BP, the major trade route between the ancient cities of Kanesh (in Anatolia/Turkey) and Assur (in Mesopotamia/Syria). Once domesticated, camels replaced donkeys for all transport across difficult desert terrains. Even after camels were domesticated, donkeys continued to play an important role in globalization in the eastern Mediterranean world because.. (select the incorrect statement). In early Egypt, donkey caravans were important for the kingdom because they were used primarily to establish routes to the west of the Nile for acquiring slaves. The “war standard” of the ancient city of Ur (4500 BP) shows humans in early ‘chariots’ being pulled by donkeys. At ancient village sites west of the Nile, archeologists have found 3000 year old smooth limestone flakes that served as “writing pads”, which record. The Przewalski’s horse is the only remaining truly wild horse found in North America. A variety of evidence, including genetic studies, agrees that horses were originally domesticated. The prehistoric site of Botai in modern Kazakhstan provides evidence of. The early Hittite empire had an advantage in war over the Egyptians because the Hittites. According to author Fagan, waging battle on horseback--the cavalry--was invented by peoples of the northern steppes, such as the Scythians. Fighting on horseback required a new kind of horse-human relationship that… (select the one that is NOT correct). Horses originally evolved. Eventually, the lives of the nomadic herders of the steppe were transformed by the domestication of the horse because. The earliest archeological evidence of horse domestication consists of. The Kikkuli method is used by some modern horse trainers. Use of the cavalry in warfare eventually replaced the chariot because of the far greater mobility and maneuverability of the cavalry on the battlefield. Why did the Vikings start building ships to travel and invade other civilizations? Which of the following did NOT contribute to the 13th C Mongols’ success in battle? The British army already owned most of the horses that it used during World War I. The Hun could break a horse (i.e., tame it) in a matter of weeks. Neither the expansion of Islam into Spain nor the Christian Crusades could have been conducted without the horse. Genghis Khan controlled the largest contiguous land empire in the history of the world. The Great Wall of China was built to prevent disloyal Chinese factions from joining the Mongol forces. Lec 36. Hun and Mongol invasions (Video-War and civilization: Horse warriors). Neither the expansion of Islam into Spain nor the Christian Crusades could have been conducted without the horse. The Mongolians had an early version of the “Pony Express” called the Yam. The British army already owned most of the horses that it used during World War I. The Great Wall of China was built to prevent disloyal Chinese factions from joining the Mongol forces. For warfare on horseback, the recurved bow was an important invention because. Why did the Vikings start building ships to travel and invade other civilizations? Genghis Khan controlled the largest contiguous land empire in the history of the world. After WWI, the horse became less important in modern warfare because. Horses were critical to the expansion and management of the Mongol Khan empire because. How did scientists “stump” Clever Hans and prove that he wasn’t in fact a brilliant equine? Scientists generally consider horses to be as skilled as dogs in understanding the communicative nature of human cues? Pizzaro ’s mounted soldiers defeated the Inca Empire in 1532 because. The horse was critical in Cortes’ defeat of the Aztec empire because. Which of the following is NOT characteristic of the gaucho lifestyle? How did scientists “stump” Clever Hans and prove that he wasn’t in fact a brilliant equine? Scientists generally consider horses to be as skilled as dogs in understanding the communicative nature of human cues? The enormous quantities of Gold and Silver brought back to Spain from the New World. The horse was critical in Cortes’ defeat of the Aztec empire because. In the US, the adoption of the Spanish horse for hunting occurred primarily among. In the field of psychology the “Clever Hans Effect” describes what phenomenon? In the experiment testing horses’ perception of human attention to them, the only effective cues of human attention were. The arrival of the Spanish Conquistadors in the New World led to the spread of the smallpox virus that eventually reduced the Native American population by 90%. The “Columbian Exchange” refers to. When American pioneers moved west from the east, they encountered hostile Native Americans that were very different from the ones Cortes or Pizzaro had encountered. Which of the following is NOT true about the natives they encountered? In the US, the adoption of the Spanish horse for hunting occurred primarily among. Where did Equus originate from and how did Equus caballus (today’s modern horse) get from its place of origin to other part of the world? The voyages of Columbus were directly responsible for bringing the horse back to the Americas. In the experiment testing horses’ perception of human attention to them, the only effective cues of human attention were. Clever Hans provided the correct answer to questions by nodding his head. As it relates to large-scale agribusiness, what methods were drawn from industrialization? The Industrial Revolution ushered in large-scale “agribusiness”, which paid local family farms to grow and manage their livestock. Between 1750 and 1850, the population of London more than doubled, accompanied by a growing demand for beef only. One thing that zoos and circuses continue to have in common is. As explained in the reading by Temple Grandin (2005), an example of a fixed action pattern in roosters is a courtship dance that is performed prior to mating with a hen. As part of the Industrial Revolution, animals became reconceptualized as meat. This is evidenced by. What led to the increased demand for beef and mutton in London? Advances in ______ around the 1930s contributed to the science of stockbreeding. The first zoos (or “zoological gardens”) were first established in the US. Temple Grandin discovered that “rapist killer roosters” .Robert Bakewell became an important figure in England for advancing livestock breeding. Long before zoos were developed, people in many parts of the ancient world kept captive exotic animals. The growing demand for meat in the 1800s led to developing animal breeds that had the following desirable traits: Studies of zoo visitor behavior show that they remain poorly educated about the animals and their plight. Animal feed production, such as hay and alfalfa, uses ten times more water than some cities. In defining well-being, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs included 3 general categories: In considering current controversies about human-animal interrelationship, some fundamental issues must be addressed. These include: The right to flourish (or “capabilities”) ethical approach of social justice philosopher Martha Nussbaum has as its premise(s). Pros (benefits) of factory farming include. Which of the following did NOT contribute to the 13th C Mongols’ success in battle? The Hun could break a horse (i.e., tame it) in a matter of weeks. Which of the following is NOT a benefit of using donkeys? In the history of the US, donkeys played an important role. Which of the following is true regarding the two types of camels and their characteristics? Because of the camel, the “Spice and Incense” road eventually covered some 1,500 miles (2,400 km) between Egypt and India. Even after camels were domesticated, donkeys continued to play an important role in globalization in the eastern Mediterranean world because.. (select the incorrect statement). Archeological evidence in Egypt from around 5000 BP shows that donkeys. Which two animals do you need to breed to produce a mule?Domestication of the Dromedary camel opened up early trade routes between Arabia and the rest of the Old World because. At ancient village sites west of the Nile, archeologists have found 3000 year old smooth limestone flakes that served as “writing pads”, which record. Although we can be fairly certain that the early Egyptians used donkeys to explore the western part of the Saharan desert, the harsh conditions of the desert have destroyed any and all archeological evidence of these travel routes.Around 4000 BP, the major trade route between the ancient cities of Kanesh (in Anatolia/Turkey) and Assur (in Mesopotamia/Syria). Once domesticated, camels replaced donkeys for all transport across difficult desert terrains. In early Egypt, donkey caravans were important for the kingdom because they were used primarily to establish routes to the west of the Nile for acquiring slaves. The “war standard” of the ancient city of Ur (4500 BP) shows humans in early ‘chariots’ being pulled by donkeys. In dynastic (early) Egypt, donkey caravans were used primarilyDomestication of the Dromedary camel. Establishing friendly trade relations with the Roman empire to the North and West, allowed Arab traders. As described by Brian Fagan in the reading, donkeys have always been a beast of the lowest regard. The silkworm, first domesticated in Mesopotamia around 3000 BP, encouraged trade using donkey caravans along the “Silk Route”. The invention of the Saharan saddle, allowed camel riders to. Even after camels were domesticated, donkeys continued to play an important role in globalization in the eastern Mediterranean world because.. (select theincorrect statement). The Mustangs of the American West are the last of the wild horses in North America. Eventually, the lives of the nomadic herders of the steppe were transformed by the domestication of the horse because. The prehistoric site of Botai in modern Kazakhstan provides evidence of. A drier climate during the Miocene epoch favored adaptations among ancestral horses for. Compared to earlier domesticated animals, such as cattle or goats, horses are better adapted to the harsh steppe environment because they have the ability to find forage and water under snow and ice. Study of ancient horse DNA shows that by 5,500 BP horses were domesticated because of the increase in genes for a variety of coat colorations as a result of artificial selection. The domestication of the horse fundamentally transformed the lives of the nomadic herders of the steppe because. In the reading on horses (Fagan, 2015; Ch 10 & 11), the author describes the early steps toward horse domestication as consisting of. The Przewalski’s horse is the only remaining truly wild horse found in North America. The early Hittite empire had an advantage in war over the Egyptians because the Hittites. Horses originally evolved. The earliest archeological evidence of horse domestication consists of. Use of the cavalry in warfare eventually replaced the chariot because of the far greater mobility and maneuverability of the cavalry on the battlefield. The prehistoric site of Solutre in France provides evidence that horses were hunted by

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