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Saint acc505 midterm exam 2017

Question Question 1 (2 points) Question 1 Running a computer program that compares adjustments to inventory to the void/refund transactions summarized by employee can detect which of the following schemes? Question 1 options: Skimming schemes Cash larceny schemes Register disbursement schemes All of the above Question 2 (2 points) Question 2 In order to prove that fraud occurred, four elements must be present. Which of the following is not one of those elements? Question 2 options: Reliance on the false statement by the victim A material false statement Intent to cause the victim damages Knowledge that the statement was false Question 3 (2 points) Question 3 For the perpetrator, the most dangerous part of a typical register disbursement scheme is often: Question 3 options: replacing the returned merchandise in the physical inventory. adjusting the cash register tape to match the cash count. physically removing the cash from the register and carrying it out of the store. forging the customer receipt as documentation for the reversing transaction. Question 4 (2 points) Question 4 An altered or forged receipt can indicate what type of expense reimbursement scheme? Question 4 options: Mischaracterized expense reimbursements Fictitious expense reimbursements Overstated expense reimbursements All of the above Question 5 (2 points) Question 5 Daisy McMillan works as the office manager for Timball and Lewis, a medium-sized law firm. One afternoon, she went to the hardware store to purchase a few maintenance items for the office. While there, she also bought her husband a hammer as a birthday present. At the register, the items, including the hammer, totaled $63. She paid for all the items together and received both a carbon copy receipt and a separate credit card receipt. Back at the office, she carefully scratched additional numbers on to the carbon copy receipt to increase the total price to $168 and turned in the altered receipt for reimbursement. Several weeks later, she turned in the credit card receipt along with another reimbursement request for the $63. What type of expense reimbursement fraud did she commit? Question 5 options: Overstated expense reimbursement Multiple reimbursements Mischaracterized expense reimbursement All of the above Question 6 (2 points) Question 6 When an employee perpetrates a credit card refund scheme, the perpetual inventory will show a greater amount than the physical inventory. Question 6 options: True False Question 7 (2 points) Question 8 Which of the following methods can be used to perpetrate a fictitious expense reimbursement scheme? Question 7 options: Submitting expenses that were paid by a third party Stealing blank receipts Creating counterfeit receipts All of the above Question 8 (2 points) Question 9 According to the 2012 Report to the Nations on Occupational Fraud and Abuse, register disbursement schemes were the most frequently reported type of fraudulent disbursement scheme. Question 8 options: True False Question 9 (2 points) Question 10 In one of the case studies in the textbook, Marcus Lane, a geologist for an environmental management and engineering services firm, traveled all over North and South America as part of his job, resulting in numerous expense reimbursements. Unfortunately, Lane went too far and began to double book his air travel using his personal credit card. He booked two separate flights to the same location, but with a huge cost difference. He used the cheaper ticket for the actual flight and returned the more expensive ticket for credit. And, of course, he submitted the more expensive ticket for reimbursement. How was he punished? Question 9 options: He was terminated and agreed to pay the money back. He was convicted of grand theft and received probation. He was allowed to resign and the company agreed not to seek a refund if it was kept quiet. He resigned from the company and a civil suit was filed against him. Question 10 (2 points) Question 11 In a study by Steve Albrecht, Marshall Romney, and Keith Howe, participants were asked to rank personal characteristics as motivating factors that contributed to fraud. The highest ranked factor was: Question 10 options: living beyond one's means. lack of recognition of job performance. lack of appreciation by management. undue family or peer pressure. Question 11 (2 points) Question 12 In a study by Steve Albrecht, Marshall Romney, and Keith Howe, participants were asked to rank characteristics of the organizational environment that contributed to fraud. The highest ranked factor was: Question 11 options: inadequate attention to detail. lack of clear lines of authority. placing too much trust in key employees. lack of an internal audit function. Question 12 (2 points) Question 13 Register disbursement schemes are different from skimming and larceny at the register in that they: Question 12 options: are on-book schemes, whereas skimming and larceny are off-book schemes. leave a record of the removal of money on the register tape. require the use of an accomplice. all of the above. Question 13 (2 points) Question 14 Remy Lewis has just started working as a marketing research analyst for Commercial Casting Company in New York City. He is relocating his family to New York from North Carolina, but they haven't moved yet. Twice a month, the company pays for Lewis to travel to North Carolina to visit his family and help with the move. During the month of September, Lewis only visited his family once; however, he submitted expense reports for mileage for two separate trips to North Carolina and back. What type of scheme is this? Question 13 options: Fictitious expense reimbursement None of the above Mischaracterized expense reimbursement Billing Question 14 (2 points) Question 15 Nicolas Barrens conspired with his manager to steal nearly $6,000 over 2 months from the grocery store where they worked. Each time Nicolas rang up a customer at the register, he asked the customer if he'd like a receipt. When a customer said no, Nicolas pretended to discard the receipt in the trash, but actually slipped the receipt into his pocket. At the end of his shift, he filled out a void slip for each of these sales and submitted them to his supervisor for approval. With the original receipt and the approved void slip, Nicolas removed cash from the register in the amount of the voided sales and split the proceeds with his supervisor. Nicolas committed what type of fraud scheme? Question 14 options: Skimming Fictitious expenses False voids None of the above Question 15 (2 points) Question 16 Which of the following is not considered a red flag of a fictitious expense reimbursement scheme? Question 15 options: An employee repeatedly uses the company credit card for business travel expenses. An employee's reimbursement requests are always for round-dollar amounts. An employee frequently requests reimbursement for high-dollar items that he claims were paid for in cash. An employee submits reimbursement requests that consistently fall just below the reimbursement limit. Question 16 (2 points) Question 17 Which of the following is not a part of the fraud theory approach? Question 16 options: Develop "what-if" scenarios Refine the hypothesis Identify who committed the fraud Analyze available data Question 17 (2 points) Question 18 Skimming receivables is generally more difficult to conceal than skimming sales. Question 17 options: True False Question 18 (2 points) Question 19 Dorothy McNally stole $232 from the company deposit while on the way to the bank. She can conceal the theft by recording the missing amount on the bank reconciliation as a(n): Question 18 options: outstanding check. deposit in transit. none of the above. credit memo. Question 19 (2 points) Question 20 In one of the case studies in the textbook, Laura Grove was the head teller at a bank in Tennessee. As the head teller, she had the authority to open the night depository along with another teller. For security reasons, each teller only had half of the combination to the vault. In the end, Grove opened the approximately $16,000. How was the case settled? Question 19 options: She was prosecuted but received probation in lieu of prison time. She paid the bank back in lieu of prosecution. She was dismissed and signed a promissory note to repay the money. She was prosecuted and sentenced to eighteen months in jail. Question 20 (2 points) Question 21 In one of the case studies in the textbook, Brian Lee, a top-notch plastic surgeon, collected payments from his patients without giving a cut to the clinic where he practiced. How was his fraud discovered? Question 20 options: Through an anonymous tip to the clinic Through a routine audit of the clinic's records None of the above By accident Question 210 (2 points) Question 22 The two categories of cash receipts schemes are: Question 21 options: lapping and skimming. lapping and cash larceny. cash larceny and skimming. skimming and billing schemes. Question 22 (2 points) Question 23 Arthur Baxter, a manager in records retention for SWC Company, has ordered seven laptop computers for his department, even though he only has five employees. In addition to each laptop, he ordered extra copies of several software programs. When the equipment arrives, Baxter sends one of the extra laptops to his son who is a freshman at Eastern University and sells three of the original software packages to friends. Which of the following offenses could Baxter be charged with? Question 22 options: Embezzlement Conversion All of the above Larceny Question 23 (2 points) Question 24 Mandating supervisory approval for write-offs or discounts can help prevent receivables skimming schemes. Question 23 options: True False Question 24 (2 points) Question 25 Invoices that are submitted by shell companies can be for fictitious goods or services or for items that were actually sold to the victim company. Question 24 options: True False Question 25 (2 points) Question 26 Anne Mullens is the bookkeeper for DWG Refrigeration Repair. One afternoon while she was preparing the bank deposit, a customer came in to the office and paid his account in full with a $57 check. Rather than adding the check to the deposit, Anne pocketed $57 cash from the previously recorded amount and included the customer's check in the money to be taken to the bank. What type of scheme did Anne commit? Question 25 options: Skimming Larceny Currency balancing Kiting Question 26 (2 points) Question 27 Cash misappropriations are divided into two broad groups: fraudulent disbursements schemes and cash receipts schemes. Question 26 options: True False Question 27 (2 points) Question 28 Which of the following methods can be used to conceal a larceny scheme that occurred at the point of sale? Question 27 options: Stealing from another employee's register Destroying the register tape Falsifying the cash count All of the above Question 28 (2 points) Question 29 Procedures that can be used to prevent and/or detect receivables skimming include which of the following? Question 28 options: Reconciling the bank statement regularly Performing a trend analysis on the aging of customer accounts Mandating that employees take annual vacations All of the above Question 29 (2 points) Question 30 The central weakness of a cash larceny scheme is the resulting imbalance in the organization's accounting records. Question 29 options: True False Question 30 (2 points) Question 31 ____________________ are schemes in which the employee intentionally mishandles payments that are owed to legitimate vendors. Question 30 options: Pay-and-return schemes Shell company schemes Pass-through schemes Switch-and-swap schemes Question 31 (2 points) Question 32 When a billing scheme is occurring, the company's expenses appear lower than they should, causing the financial statements to show falsely inflated profits. Question 31 options: True False Question 32 (2 points) Question 33 Warning signs of a shell company scheme include which of the following? Question 32 options: A vendor that is not listed in the phone book An unexpected and significant increase in "consulting expenses" Invoices lacking details of the items purchased All of the above Question 33 (2 points) Question 34 A method of concealing receivables skimming by crediting one account while abstracting money from a different account is known as: Question 33 options: lapping. account substitution. plugging. kiting. Question 34 (2 points) Question 35 Nicolas Hill, CFE, has been hired to look into suspicious activity at Mason & Jefferson, LLC. The company's controller has reason to believe that the company has fallen victim to a shell company scheme. As part of his investigation, Nicolas should do which of the following? Question 34 options: Match the vendor master file to the accounts receivable file All of the above Extract all employees without a social security number Review payments with little or no sequence between invoice numbers Question 35 (2 points) Question 36 Which of the following controls will help prevent and detect falsified hours and salary schemes? Question 35 options: The duties of payroll preparation, authorization, and distribution are segregated. Sick leave and vacation time are monitored for excesses by the payroll department. All of the above. Supervisors return authorized timecards to the employees for review before they are sent to the payroll department. Question 36 (2 points) Question 37 The most common method of misappropriating funds from the payroll is: Question 36 options: theft of payroll deductions. overstating commissions. overpayment of wages. using a ghost employee. Question 37 (2 points) Question 38 Which type of check tampering scheme is usually the most difficult to defend against? Question 37 options: Authorized maker Forged endorsement Altered payee Concealed check Question 38 (2 points) Question 39 In one of the case studies in the textbook, Albert Miano, the facilities supervisor for a popular magazine, submitted phony invoices. When Miano received the checks for the phony invoices, he forged the contractor's signature. He then endorsed the check in his own name. What controls weaknesses did the company have that facilitated Miano's scheme? Question 38 options: Employees in the accounts payable department did not follow departmental procedures. Accounts payable never checked signatures on the invoices against the authorized signatures on file. Miano was allowed to pick up the approved invoices from the administrative vice-president's office and deliver them to the accounts payable department. All of the above. Question 39 (2 points) Question 40 In one of the case studies in the textbook, Melissa Robinson, who worked as an executive secretary for a worldwide charitable organization and was active in her children's school, was also a thief. As one of two people allowed to sign checks on the organization's bank accounts, she learned early on that she could forge the second person's signature without anyone becoming suspicious. What red flags were present that indicated that something wasn't appropriate? Question 39 options: Robinson would not release any financial information when requested and gave excuses for why it wasn't available. There were a lot of missing files that the auditors couldn't locate during their annual audit. Robinson would not take vacation leave. All of the above. Question 40 (2 points) Question 40 Which of the following procedures will not help prevent ghost employee schemes? Question 40 options: The personnel records are maintained separately from the payroll and timekeeping functions. The personnel department verifies all changes to the payroll. The personnel department conducts background and reference checks on all prospective employees before hiring them. The person responsible for hiring new employees also supervises the payroll function. Question 41 (2 points) Question 42 In one of the case studies in the textbook, Melissa Robinson, who worked as an executive secretary for a worldwide charitable organization and was active in her children's school, was also a thief. As one of two people allowed to sign checks on the organization's bank accounts, she learned early on that she could forge the second person's signature without anyone becoming suspicious. How was she finally caught? Question 41 options: Robinson's husband tipped off the audit committee after he became suspicious of some of Robinson's purchases. A co-worker contacted the organization's executive director when she found that a company check had been written to the children's school for Robinson's personal items. New officers were elected, and they took the accounting books from her. The auditors discovered her fraud during an annual audit of the books. Question 42 (2 points) Question 43 Which of the following procedures can help prevent and detect the theft and conversion of outgoing company checks? Question 42 options: Train employees to look for dual endorsements on canceled checks. Track changes made to vendor records. Chart the date of mailing for every outgoing check. All of the above. Question 43 (2 points) Question 44 Concealing a check tampering scheme generally means hiding both the identity of the perpetrator and the fact that the fraud ever occurred. Question 43 options: True False Question 44 (2 points) Question 45 In one of the case studies in the textbook, Ernie Phillips was a CPA who had fallen on hard times both financially and personally. He eventually got a job as a controller for a friend who had just been named as the receiver for a financial services company. Within a short period of time Phillips began writing checks to himself that had nothing to do with payroll. What happened to Phillips? Question 44 options: He was charged criminally, and while out on bail, he fled with his family. He quit his job and moved to another state. He paid the money back by mortgaging his home. He pleaded guilty to fraud and grand theft and spent 24 months in prison. Question 45 (2 points) Question 46 Which of the following computer audit tests can be used to detect billing schemes? Question 45 options: Extracting delivery addresses that do not correspond to company locations Extracting manual checks and summarizing by vendor and issuer Extracting a sample of vendor open invoices for confirmation with the vendor All of the above Question 46 (2 points) Question 47 Jed Butler is an internal auditor for Billings Industries. Recently he ran a program that identified customer accounts which had previously been dormant for six months or more but had sales in the last two months of the year. What type of fraud would this test most likely reveal? Question 46 options: Pay-and-return scheme Shell company scheme Personal purchases scheme Commission scheme Question 47 (2 points) Question 48 According to the 2012 Report to the Nations on Occupational Fraud and Abuse, check tampering is the most common fraudulent disbursement fraud. Question 47 options: True False Question 48 (2 points) Question 49 Marsha Wood added her one-year-old niece, Jackie, to the payroll at JNC Company and began issuing paychecks in Jackie's name, even though Jackie did not work for the organization. Marsha's niece is not considered a ghost employee because she is a real individual rather than a fictitious person. Question 48 options: True False Question 49 (2 points) Question 50 In one of the case studies in the textbook, Katie Jordon was the "All-American Girl Next Door" working her first job out of college. As an on-site manager for an apartment complex in Dallas, she did such a good job that when her employer purchased a huge apartment complex in Houston, she was asked to run it. All was well until a member of the maintenance crew resigned. She continued to keep him on the payroll and pocketed his wages. She later added a non-existent assistant once she saw how easy it was to add an employee without being questioned. However, her scheme eventually came to light, and her days of bonus pay were over. What was her motivation for stealing? Question 49 options: Her boyfriend, a professional motocross racer, was injured in a race. She wanted to pay off her college loan early so she could save for a house. She blew the engine in her car and didn't have the money to replace it. She was getting married and needed money for the wedding.

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