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# General Chemistry

## Darrell Ebbing, Steven D. Gammon - ISBN: 9781305887299

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On this page you find summaries, notes, study guides and many more for the textbook General Chemistry, written by Darrell Ebbing & Steven D. Gammon. The summaries are written by students themselves, which gives you the best possible insight into what is important to study about this book. Subjects like reaction rates, order of the reaction, Reaction rates, Rate law, Rate constant, Physical chemistry, Integrated rate laws & Half life of reactions will be dealt with.

## Popular summaries General Chemistry Notes

All the lecture notes provided and filled in for CHEM 1040 at the University of Guelph.

- Class notes
- • 204 pages •

All the lecture notes provided and filled in for CHEM 1040 at the University of Guelph.

The half-life of a reaction, t1/2, is the amount of time needed for a reactant concentration to decrease by half compared to its initial concentration. Its application is used in chemistry and medicine to predict the concentration of a substance over time.

- Class notes
- • 23 pages •

The half-life of a reaction, t1/2, is the amount of time needed for a reactant concentration to decrease by half compared to its initial concentration. Its application is used in chemistry and medicine to predict the concentration of a substance over time.

Radiocarbon dating (also referred to as carbon dating or carbon-14 dating) is a method for determining the age of an object containing organic material by using the properties of radiocarbon, a radioactive isotope of carbon

- Class notes
- • 22 pages •

Radiocarbon dating (also referred to as carbon dating or carbon-14 dating) is a method for determining the age of an object containing organic material by using the properties of radiocarbon, a radioactive isotope of carbon

Nuclear chemistry is the sub-field of chemistry dealing with radioactivity, nuclear processes, and transformations in the nuclei of atoms, such as nuclear transmutation and nuclear properties. ... An important area is the behavior of objects and materials after being placed into a nuclear waste storage or disposal site.Many entities can be involved in nuclear reactions. The most common are protons, neutrons, alpha particles, beta particles, positrons, and gamma rays.

- Class notes
- • 30 pages •

Nuclear chemistry is the sub-field of chemistry dealing with radioactivity, nuclear processes, and transformations in the nuclei of atoms, such as nuclear transmutation and nuclear properties. ... An important area is the behavior of objects and materials after being placed into a nuclear waste storage or disposal site.Many entities can be involved in nuclear reactions. The most common are protons, neutrons, alpha particles, beta particles, positrons, and gamma rays.

Activation energy, in chemistry, the minimum amount of energy that is required to activate atoms or molecules to a condition in which they can undergo chemical transformation or physical transport.The role of activation energy in a chemical reaction is to start the reaction by arranging the reactants appropriately and breaking their existing...

- Class notes
- • 16 pages •

Activation energy, in chemistry, the minimum amount of energy that is required to activate atoms or molecules to a condition in which they can undergo chemical transformation or physical transport.The role of activation energy in a chemical reaction is to start the reaction by arranging the reactants appropriately and breaking their existing...

k is the first-order rate constant, which has units of 1/s. The method of determining the order of a reaction is known as the method of initial rates. The overall order of a reaction is the sum of all the exponents of the concentration terms in the rate equation.

- Class notes
- • 39 pages •

k is the first-order rate constant, which has units of 1/s. The method of determining the order of a reaction is known as the method of initial rates. The overall order of a reaction is the sum of all the exponents of the concentration terms in the rate equation.

In order to determine a rate law we need to find the values of the exponents n, m, and p, and the value of the rate constant, k. If we are given the reaction orders for a reaction, we have the values of the coefficients we need to write the rate law.Rate laws or rate equations are mathematical expressions that describe the relationship between the rate of a chemical reaction and the concentration of its reactants. In general, a rate law (or differential rate law, as it is sometimes called) takes...

- Class notes
- • 15 pages •

In order to determine a rate law we need to find the values of the exponents n, m, and p, and the value of the rate constant, k. If we are given the reaction orders for a reaction, we have the values of the coefficients we need to write the rate law.Rate laws or rate equations are mathematical expressions that describe the relationship between the rate of a chemical reaction and the concentration of its reactants. In general, a rate law (or differential rate law, as it is sometimes called) takes...

rate (kinetics) Kinetics: Rate. Chemical Kinetics - The study of the rates of chemical reactions. Rate of a Reaction - The change in concentration of one of the reactants (DX), during a given period of time (Dt) The reaction rate gradually decreases as reactants are consumed.

- Class notes
- • 16 pages •

rate (kinetics) Kinetics: Rate. Chemical Kinetics - The study of the rates of chemical reactions. Rate of a Reaction - The change in concentration of one of the reactants (DX), during a given period of time (Dt) The reaction rate gradually decreases as reactants are consumed.

Step 1: Convert temperatures from degrees Celsius to Kelvin. T = degrees Celsius 273.15. T1 = 3 273.15. ... Step 2 - Find Ea ln(k2/k1) = Ea/R x (1/T1 - 1/T2) ln(7.1 x 10-2/8.9 x 10-3) = Ea/8.3145 J/K·mol x (1/276.15 K - 1/308.15 K) ... Answer: The activation energy for this reaction is 4.59 x 104 J/mol or 45.9 kJ/mol.

- Class notes
- • 10 pages •

Step 1: Convert temperatures from degrees Celsius to Kelvin. T = degrees Celsius 273.15. T1 = 3 273.15. ... Step 2 - Find Ea ln(k2/k1) = Ea/R x (1/T1 - 1/T2) ln(7.1 x 10-2/8.9 x 10-3) = Ea/8.3145 J/K·mol x (1/276.15 K - 1/308.15 K) ... Answer: The activation energy for this reaction is 4.59 x 104 J/mol or 45.9 kJ/mol.

Physical chemistry is the study of macroscopic, and particulate phenomena in chemical systems in terms of the principles, practices, and concepts of physics such as motion, energy, force, time, thermodynamics, quantum chemistry, statistical mechanics, analytical dynamics and chemical equilibrium.

- Class notes
- • 14 pages •

Physical chemistry is the study of macroscopic, and particulate phenomena in chemical systems in terms of the principles, practices, and concepts of physics such as motion, energy, force, time, thermodynamics, quantum chemistry, statistical mechanics, analytical dynamics and chemical equilibrium.

## Latest notes & summaries General Chemistry Notes

The half-life of a reaction, t1/2, is the amount of time needed for a reactant concentration to decrease by half compared to its initial concentration. Its application is used in chemistry and medicine to predict the concentration of a substance over time.

- Class notes
- • 23 pages •

Reaction rate, in chemistry, the speed at which a chemical reaction proceeds. It is often expressed in terms of either the concentration (amount per unit volume) of a product that is formed in a unit of time or the concentration of a reactant that is consumed in a unit of time.

- Class notes
- • 12 pages •

Reaction rate, in chemistry, the speed at which a chemical reaction proceeds. It is often expressed in terms of either the concentration (amount per unit volume) of a product that is formed in a unit of time or the concentration of a reactant that is consumed in a unit of time.

Reaction rate, in chemistry, the speed at which a chemical reaction proceeds. It is often expressed in terms of either the concentration (amount per unit volume) of a product that is formed in a unit of time or the concentration of a reactant that is consumed in a unit of time.

- Class notes
- • 16 pages •

Activation energy, in chemistry, the minimum amount of energy that is required to activate atoms or molecules to a condition in which they can undergo chemical transformation or physical transport.The role of activation energy in a chemical reaction is to start the reaction by arranging the reactants appropriately and breaking their existing...

- Class notes
- • 16 pages •

k is the first-order rate constant, which has units of 1/s. The method of determining the order of a reaction is known as the method of initial rates. The overall order of a reaction is the sum of all the exponents of the concentration terms in the rate equation.

- Class notes
- • 39 pages •

The rate law is a differential equation, meaning that it describes the change in concentration of reactant(s) per change in time. Using calculus, the rate law can be integrated to obtain an integrated rate equation that links concentrations of reactants or products with time directly.

- Class notes
- • 23 pages •

The rate law is a differential equation, meaning that it describes the change in concentration of reactant(s) per change in time. Using calculus, the rate law can be integrated to obtain an integrated rate equation that links concentrations of reactants or products with time directly.

In order to determine a rate law we need to find the values of the exponents n, m, and p, and the value of the rate constant, k. If we are given the reaction orders for a reaction, we have the values of the coefficients we need to write the rate law.Rate laws or rate equations are mathematical expressions that describe the relationship between the rate of a chemical reaction and the concentration of its reactants. In general, a rate law (or differential rate law, as it is sometimes called) takes...

- Class notes
- • 15 pages •

rate (kinetics) Kinetics: Rate. Chemical Kinetics - The study of the rates of chemical reactions. Rate of a Reaction - The change in concentration of one of the reactants (DX), during a given period of time (Dt) The reaction rate gradually decreases as reactants are consumed.

- Class notes
- • 16 pages •

Step 1: Convert temperatures from degrees Celsius to Kelvin. T = degrees Celsius 273.15. T1 = 3 273.15. ... Step 2 - Find Ea ln(k2/k1) = Ea/R x (1/T1 - 1/T2) ln(7.1 x 10-2/8.9 x 10-3) = Ea/8.3145 J/K·mol x (1/276.15 K - 1/308.15 K) ... Answer: The activation energy for this reaction is 4.59 x 104 J/mol or 45.9 kJ/mol.

- Class notes
- • 10 pages •

Physical chemistry is the study of macroscopic, and particulate phenomena in chemical systems in terms of the principles, practices, and concepts of physics such as motion, energy, force, time, thermodynamics, quantum chemistry, statistical mechanics, analytical dynamics and chemical equilibrium.

- Class notes
- • 14 pages •